Principles of Plain Language. APHA May 9 th , 2013 Hot Springs, Arkansas * Some Content Adapted from NIH Resources. Simplicity is the ultimate sophistication. Leonardo da Vinci
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Principles of Plain Language
May 9th, 2013
Hot Springs, Arkansas
* Some Content Adapted from NIH Resources
Simplicity is the ultimate sophistication.
Leonardo da Vinci
Any fool can make things bigger, more complex, and more violent. It takes a touch of genius-and a lot of courage-to move in the opposite direction. Albert Einstein
The most valuable of all talents is that of never using two words when one will do. Thomas Jefferson
I love words but I don't like strange ones. You don't understand them and they don't understand you. Old words is like old friends, you know 'em the minute you see 'em. Will Rogers
Men of few words are the best men. William Shakespeare
Anybody can have ideas—the difficulty is to express them without squandering a quire of paper on an idea that ought to be reduced to one glittering paragraph. I never write "metropolis" for seven cents when I can write "city" and get paid the same. As to the adjective, when in doubt, strike it out.
Today’s Main Learning Objectives
1) Define the concept of Plain Language as related to minority populations in Arkansas
2) Describe three principles of Plain Language that can be used to improved communication
Plain Language as related to minority populations in Arkansas
298,000 adults function at below basic literacy skills. 19% of adults have less than a high school diploma.
56% of immigrants in Arkansas have limited English Proficiency
73% of foreign born adults in Arkansas read below or a a basic level
48% of immigrants in Arkansas have no earned a high school diploma
Health literacy is particularly pertinent for cancer patients and the elderly, who may have hearing or vision problems that further complicate communication.
Cancer patients are bombarded with big terminology and medical information that they may not understand, so they return asking the same questions.
Low health literacy has the potential to negatively impact individuals with cancer and other chronic illness who are in a rehabilitation setting in terms of health and well-being.
Low health literacy can negatively impact issues such as self-management of cancer and other chronic illness and medication adherence.
This problem is possibly compounded if the individual is from a rural community, transplanted to a metropolitan inpatient rehabilitation setting and then sent back to their rural community.
It is important to understand how low health literacy interacts with the individual in their complex social setting, including family, health care setting and home community with the goal of reducing potential health disparities among this population.
Literacy skills are a stronger predictor of an individual’s health status than age, income, employment status, education level, or racial/ethnic group.
Limited health literacy increases the disparity in health care access among exceptionally vulnerable populations (such as racial/ethnic minorities and the elderly).
Communication that your audience or readers can understand the first timethey hear or read it.
Requires executive agencies to use plain language in documents by October 13, 2011
Conduct an analysis
Present a report
Do an assessment
Came to the conclusion of
In just about every jurisdiction, courts have held that “shall” can mean not just “must”and “may,” but also “will”and “is.” The [U.S. Supreme] Court has [in various decisions]:
in the event that
The Red Wheelbarrow
so much depends
upon a red wheel barrow
glazed with rain water
beside the white chickens.
William Carlos Williams