The Civil War and Reconstruction. Chapter 12 . Do NOW. In 1800s, America, the southern states tended to support slavery, while the northern ones didn’t. Why do you think this is ? Turn in last Thursday’s exit ticket if you haven’t already. Quiz-on Vocab Charts-Thursday.
Turn in last Thursday’s exit ticket if you haven’t already
ISSUE: In 1832 South Carolina moved to nullify, or declare illegal, tariff laws passed by Congress in 1828 and 1832. South Carolina threatened to secede if the tariffs were enforced.
Vice President John C. Calhoun, from South Carolina, developed a nullification theory. He said that a state had the right to nullify or cancel a federal law within its borders and to withdraw from the Union if it were not allowed to nullify a federal law.
OUTCOME: Congress lowered tariffs, avoiding confrontation.
Prediction: What do you think Justice Taney’s ruling is going to be?
In favor or against Scott?
Outraged. To more and more, the Republican party seemed to represent their views best:
Northern Democrats who felt betrayed by their party’s support of the Kansas-Nebraska Act
Members of the Whig party who sought the containment of slavery
Various labor groups in the North
ISSUE: After the election of Abraham Lincoln in 1860, South Carolina was the first state to secede from Union. The North did not want to allow slavery in the United States and the South did. Lincoln supported the North’s position.
SECESSION: The Southern states wanted to remove themselves from the Union (United States) because of this.
Most Southerners saw the conflict over slavery as a struggle between the states’ rights of self-determination and federal control. The Confederacy declared that states’ rights took precedence over the Union, the Constitution, and federal laws.
OUTCOME: War began. The Union victory four years later led to the abolition of slavery and the readmission of the Confederate states to the Union.
The Civil War destroyed the South’s economy. Because the war was fought mostly in the South, its bridges, roads, and farmlands were destroyed. Property values declined, personal and government debts increased, and the population suffered devastating losses.