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1. Semantics: The Analysis of Meaning Deny A. Kwary
2. Lexical Semantics (cf. p.274) Semantic properties: The components of meaning of a word.
Semantic feature: A notational device for expressing the presence or absence of semantic properties by pluses and minuses.
Example of componential analysis:
baby is [+ young], [+ human], [? abstract].
3. Identify the features (1) 1. (a) widow, mother, sister, aunt, maid
(b) widower, father, brother, uncle, valet
The (a) and (b) words are
The (a) words are
The (b) words are
4. Identify the features (2)
5. Semantic Relations among Words (p. 269) Synonymy: words that have the same meanings, e.g. start & begin.
Antonymy: words that are opposites in meanings, e.g. hot & cold.
6. Semantic Relations among Words (cf. page 270; with critical notes) Polysemy: A word which has two or more related meanings, e.g. bright: ?shining? ; ?intelligent?
Homonymy: A word which has two or more entirely distinct meanings, e.g. club: ?a social organization? ; ?a blunt weapon?.
Homophony: Different words pronounced the same but spelled differently, e.g. two and too.
Homography: Different words spelled the same but pronounced differently, e.g. minute and minute.
7. Identifying homophones 1. [ste?] ?
9. Identifying Homonyms in Jokes 1. Time flies like an arrow
Fruit flies like a banana
11. That?s All For TodaySee You Next Week