Lexical Semantics (cf. p.274). Semantic properties: The components of meaning of a word.Semantic feature: A notational device for expressing the presence or absence of semantic properties by pluses and minuses.Example of componential analysis:baby is [ young], [ human], [
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Semantics: The Analysis of Meaning
Deny A. Kwary
baby is [+ young], [+ human], [– abstract].
1. (a) widow, mother, sister, aunt, maid
(b) widower, father, brother, uncle, valet
2. (a) bachelor, paperboy, pope, chief
(b) bull, rooster, drake, ram
3. (a) table, stone, pencil, cup, house, ship
(b) milk, alcohol, rice, soup, mud
4. (a) pine, elm, sycamore
(b) dandelion, aster, daisy
Synonymy or Antonymy (p. 307)
1. Stair, stare
2. waste, waist
3. sealing, ceiling
4. cue, queue
5. sent, cent, scent
1. Time flies like an arrow
Fruit flies like a banana
2. Policeman: Why have you parked your car here?
Motorist: Because the sign says “Fine for Parking”.
3. Customer: Have you got half-inch nails?
Ironmonger: Yes, sir.
Customer: Then could you scratch my back. It’s very itchy
More semantic relations among words
That’s All For TodaySee You Next Week
Deny A. Kwary