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Challenges at Home. The Whiskey Rebellion 1. Tax on American-made whiskey a. Farmers angry – cannot afford tax. Challenges at Home. 2. Protestors refused to pay tax and tarred and feathered tax collectors 3. Washington puts army together and Whisky Rebellion ends.

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Challenges at Home

The Whiskey Rebellion

1. Tax on American-made whiskey

a. Farmers angry – cannot afford tax


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Challenges at Home

2. Protestors refused to pay tax and

tarred and feathered tax collectors

3. Washington puts army together

and Whisky Rebellion ends


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Challenges at Home

Washington leads army into western Pa to end Whisky Rebellion


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Challenges at Home

Washington’s Farewell Address

1.Washington decides not to run for

3rd term

“tired of public life and devoutly (strongly) wishes for retirement.”

~Washington


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Challenges at Home

a. reminds Americans he is only

president, not king…citizens are true leaders


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Challenges at Home

2. Writes farewell speech

a. discusses dangers to Americans:

1. Political divisions will weaken

government….unity is key to

success


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Challenges at Home

2. Government should not borrow money (prevent debt)

3. Be careful of relationships

with other countries


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Challenges at Home

“I anticipate….the sweet enjoyment …. of good laws under a free government, the ever favorite object of my heart.”

~Washington


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John Adam’s Presidency

XYZ Affair

1. Adams’s first goal as pres. was to improve relations between US and France


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John Adam’s Presidency

a. France attacking American ships

b. Adams sends diplomats to France but French foreign

minister will not meet with them


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John Adam’s Presidency

c. French agents secretly meet with US diplomats:

1. French will discuss treaty only for $250,000 bribe and

$12 million loan


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John Adam’s Presidency

2. US refuses demand and Congress calls for war with France

d. Called XYZ affair – X, Y and Z

substitute for names of French agents


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John Adam’s Presidency

e. Adams fears war – asks for peacetime army and to expand navy

1. But American + French ships attack each other in Caribbean


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John Adam’s Presidency

f. Adams refuses to go to war and

eventually treaty signed between

French and US


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John Adam’s Presidency

Alien and Sedition Acts

1. Alien Act – President can remove

foreign residents from the country

“Any treasonable or secret plots against the government”


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John Adam’s Presidency

2. Sedition Act – US can’t join any

plots against the government’s policies

Illegal to “write, print, utter or publish” any false or hostile words

against the government or its policies.


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John Adam’s Presidency

3. These acts applied mostly to

Republicans who were unhappy

with current government policies

a. Some arrested and jailed


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John Adam’s Presidency

4. Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions –

said Alien and Sedition Acts were

unconstitutional

a. Written by Madison + Hamilton


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John Adam’s Presidency

b. Said state governments could

ignore unconstitutional, federal

laws

c. Impacted idea of states’ rights

and their right to challenge federal govern.


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John Adam’s Presidency

Election of 1800

  • Jefferson and Burr (Republicans) vs. Adams and Pickney


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John Adam’s Presidency

4. Jefferson actively campaigns while

Adams believes he will be judged on

his public record

a. Hamilton works against Adams and further divides Federalist party


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John Adam’s Presidency

Narrow Republican Victory

1. Jefferson and Burr each win 73 electoral votes, 65 for Adams and 64 for Pickney

  • Both Jefferson and Burr eligible for

    President


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John Adam’s Presidency

a. House of Representatives decides

1. Federalists vote for Burr

2. Republicans for Jefferson

b. Another tie – repeated 30 times


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John Adam’s Presidency

3. Jefferson finally wins (thanks to

Hamilton)

a. Federalist party weakened because of loss


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John Adam’s Presidency

b. Jefferson believes transfer of power

between the 2 parties shows strength of US government


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John Adam’s Presidency

4. 12th Amendment – separate ballot


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