MANGA and Libraries in Japan. This presentation is on historical traces about Japanese society and librarians at public and school libraries struggling on MANGA and library services briefly. Librarians have been discussing as follows;
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This presentation is on historical traces about Japanese society and librarians at public and school libraries struggling on MANGA and library services briefly.
Librarians have been discussing as follows;
★Are MANGA books ‘harmful’ for people including children/youth or not?
★Are MANGA books a part of library collection or not?
★What is the meaning providing books including MANGA to the people at libraries?
MANGA was named after Hokusai Manga.
Oldest illustrations might be ‘Chouju Giga’ in around 1100’s.
A few public libraries offered youth services with fee. 1887～
First MANGA for children, Kyouiku Ponchi (=punch)
e-banashi (Educational comic story) published, 1897～.
The Dept. of Interior directed on reading materials for childrenand demanded changing the contents including 33 MANGA books.
After that, MANGA turned to be war-favor stories.
Publishing was censored by American occupation authority including children books, Kamishibai, and MANGA.
←Kashi-honya (rental bookshop) widely provided Akahon MANGA cheaply.
Reading guidance methods with MANGA were discussed at school reading classes.
MANGA for study began to publish.(1950～)
School Library Law (1953.Aug.)
Critical movement against ‘Akahon-manga’ as ‘low-class’ MANGA. Some parents’ group burned MANGA on street.
‘Youth Protection Act’ specified ‘harmful books’ for minors under 18 yrs old.
First national meeting on children’s services was held and discussed on MANGA at public libraries. (1955)
Declaration on ‘Statement on Intellectual Freedom in libraries’(1954.May)
→”libraries must provide books to everyone who want including children. MANGA also should circulate.”
→”MANGA express lots of sexual, violent, segregated expressions, not suitable for children.” “Limited collection budget should not use for buying MANGA.”
First prefecture level Youth Protection Act was at Okayama, 1950.
All prefectures set up same act at present. Tokyo was revised recently．
⇒Self regulation by MANGA publishers and bookstores since 1963.
using stickers as indicating MANGA for suitable age since 1991.9.“Youth Protection Act” and MANGA
⇒Present librarians may select MANGA from educational standpoint.
For example, among Saitama prefecture (near Tokyo) public libraries’ union catalog with 58 libraries;
★44 libraries hold ‘Hadashi no Gen’(=Barefoot Gen) about war and atomic bomb in Hiroshima, but only 8 hold ‘Dragon ball’.
★9 libraries hold ‘One Piece’ MANGA, but other 22 libraries hold only novelized version without original MANGA.
Japanese Librarians like
to have literally books
with words, not MANGA books ....still now.
★How do you think as a professional librarian?
★Do you hold MANGA books at your library?
★Do you lend MANGA to the people including children / youth?