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經濟學 I. Economics. 第一章 緒論 第二章 需要與供給 第三章 消費行為的研究 第四章 生產理論 第五章 成本理論. 第六章 市場結構與廠商的收益 第七章 完全競爭市場產量與價格的決定 第八章 完全獨占市場產量與價格的決定 第九章 不完全競爭市場產量與價格的決定. 目錄. 第一章 緒論. 第一章 學習目標 經濟學的重要性 經濟學的基本問題 經濟學的意義與發展 經濟學的範圍與研究方法 資源配置與生產可能曲線 經濟制度簡介. 產生:無窮慾望、多種用途. 經濟問題. 解決:資源有效配置 ( 機會成本、生產可能曲線 ).

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經濟學 I

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Economics




()



1-1


1-4


1-3


1-3

1776

  • (1776 ~ 1848 )

  • (1848 ~1890 )

  • (1890 ~ 1936 )

  • (1936 ~ 1970 )

  • (1970


    • ()()




2-2

  • changes in demand

2-3


2-2

  • changes in quality demand

2-4


2-4

  • changes in quality supply

2-7


2-4

  • changes in supply

2-8


( arc elasticity )

( point elasticity )

2-5


1.

Q1

Q2

P1

P2

Q

P


2.


2-6


2-5

  • ( cross elasticity of demand Exy)

    • (Y)(X)

(partial elasticity)


2-5

  • EI

x

y


2-5

  • ( income elasticity of demandEI)


2-5

  • EI

  • EI

EI

Q

Q

M

M


2.

Q1

Q2

M1

M2


2-6

2-17


2-7

2-19 (a)

2-19 (a)


2-7

1.

2.

2-19 (a)

2-19 (a)


2-7

    • ()

1.

2-21


2-7

    • ()

2.

2-22


2-7

    • ()

3.

2-23


2-7

    • ()

4.

2-24


2-8

2-26


2-8

2-27


2-8

2-28


2-8

2-29



(MU)(TU)

()

MU

()



3-1

3-1


3-2

  • TUMU3-1

    • TUMU0

    • TUMU0

    • TUMU0,

    • TUMUMUMU


3-2

3-1 TU MU


3-2

3-2


3-3

indifference curve

3-3


3-3

3-6


3-3

    • convex to origin

      marginal of substitution MRS x y y x

3-7


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