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a bit about. ADJECTIVES in French. Just to make sure you know what an adjective is. An adjective describes a noun. In English, adjectives go before their noun, for example, a red car, an interesting story, a pretty girl.

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a bit about

a bit about

ADJECTIVES

in French

just to make sure you know what an adjective is
Just to make sure you know what an adjective is...
  • An adjective describes a noun. In English, adjectives go before their noun, for example, a red car, an interesting story, a pretty girl.
  • You can use an adjective after “to be”, to describe a noun or a pronoun.

The car is red, the story is interesting, she is pretty.

position of adjectives in french
Position of adjectives in French
  • Most adjectives in French go AFTER the noun they describe.
  • J’ai une voiture rouge.
  • J’ai lu un livre intéressant.
  • However, some very common ones PRECEDE their noun.
adjectives which precede their noun
Adjectives which precede their noun
  • petit J’ai un petit frère.
  • grand Il a un grand frère.
  • joli C’est une jolie fille.
  • beau C’est un beau garçon.
  • jeune Un jeune chat est un chaton.
  • vieux C’est un vieux bâtiment.
  • bon J’ai lu un bon livre.
  • mauvais Le prof punit le mauvais élève.
  • nouveau J’ai un nouveau prof de maths.
using adjectives
Using adjectives...
  • Notre Dame est un vieux bâtiment à Paris, datant de 1163.
using adjectives1
Using adjectives...
  • Raphael est un jeune chanteur français.
adjective agreement
Adjective agreement
  • Adjectives in French must match the noun they describe. This is called agreement.
  • Agreement usually involves adding -e if the noun is feminine, -s if masculine or mixed plural and -es if feminine plural.

un garçon doué une fille douée

des garçons doués des filles douées

make the adjective agree if necessary
un livre (intéressant)

une revue (amusant)

une histoire (compliqué)

des gens (différent)

des femmes (fâché)

un vélo (français)

des enfants (fatigué)

une voiture (vert)

intéressant

amusante

compliquée

différents

fâchées

français

fatigués

verte

Make the adjective agree if necessary...
more about agreement
More about agreement
  • Adjectives which end in an unaccented e in the masculine do not add -e for feminine.

un lit confortable une chaise confortable

  • Some adjectives are invariable - ie, they don’t change at all. On your list are: chic, sympa, marron.
  • Some follow prescribed patterns:

-ien > -ienne italien italienne

-eux > -euse heureux heureuse

-if > -ive actif active

-er > -ère cher chère

slide10
Also...
  • Some double their consonant before adding the ending.You need to know:
  • bon > bonne
  • nul > nulle
  • gros > grosse
  • gentil > gentille
  • moyen > moyenne
any irregulars
Any irregulars??
  • Of course - you need to learn:

faux > fausse

roux > rousse

blanc > blanche

sec > sèche

long > longue

and lastly
And lastly...
  • There are three on your list, which have a special masculine singular form for words beginning with a vowel or h.

ms msv fs mp fp

  • beau bel belle beaux belles
  • nouveau nouvel nouvelle nouveaux nouvelles
  • vieux vieil vieille vieux vieilles
using adjectives2
Using adjectives...
  • Brigitte Bardot, jeune femme.
  • Brigitte Bardot, vieille femme.
et finalement
Et finalement...
  • Le centre Pompidou est un bâtiment moderne et intéressant.
  • L’Opéra Garnier est une vieille structure intéressante.
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