Ss7h2c describe how land and religion are reasons for continuing conflicts in the middle east
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SS7H2c Describe how land and religion are reasons for continuing conflicts in the Middle East. PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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SS7H2c Describe how land and religion are reasons for continuing conflicts in the Middle East. Concept: Conflict Creates Change. Arab-Israeli Wars Camp David Accords Intifada. Palestinians P.L.O. Refugee. Vocabulary Words To Know. ARAB - ISRAELI WARS.

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SS7H2c Describe how land and religion are reasons for continuing conflicts in the Middle East.

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SS7H2cDescribe how land and religion are reasons for continuing conflicts in the Middle East.


Conflict Creates Change

Arab-Israeli Wars

Camp David Accords





Vocabulary Words To Know


  • series of wars between 1948 and 1973 that were fought between Israel and the Arab countries of Iraq, Syria, Egypt, Jordan, and Lebanon (fought over control of territory in Palestine)


  • 1979 peace agreement between Egypt and Israel hosted at Camp David, Maryland by President Jimmy Carter


  • revolt by Palestinian Arabs to protest Israeli occupation of Palestinian-claimed land


  • Arabs who live in the region occupied by Israel. They are fighting for independence.

P. L. O.

  • Palestinian Liberation Organization formed in 1964; organization formed to protect the rights of Palestinians


  • a person forced to seek refuge or safety in another country because of war or other political or natural disruption in their home country


Israeli – Arab Wars

Kurds wanting independence from Turkey, Iran, Syria, and Iraq

Iraq invading Iran and later Kuwait for oil


Israeli (Jews) – Arab (Muslims) Wars

Sunni Muslims vs Shi’ites Muslims in Iraq

Conflicts in the Middle East

So, is it Palestine or Israel?Depends on WHEN you ask...


AFTER 1948

Can BOTH flags fly in the same region?

Palestinian – Arab Flag

Israeli – Jewish Flag

The United Nations in 1947 created a plan to create a Palestinian State and a Jewish State.

So, what has happened between THEN (1947) and NOW (2008)?

Let’s look at this map again

SS7H2cESSENTIAL QUESTION Will the fighting between Arabs and Jews over the same holy land ever end?


Conflict Creates Change

The name for the armed conflicts between Jews and Arabs in 1948, 1967, and 1973 is known as



1964 – Creation of the PLO

1978 – Camp David Accords

1979 – Israel & Egypt peace treaty

1993 – Oslo Accords

1994 – Israel & Jordan peace treaty


1948 - Independence War

1956 - Suez Canal Crisis

1967 - Six Days War

1972 - Munich Massacre

1973 - Yom Kippur War

1987 - 1st Intifada

2000 - 2nd Intifada

Countess massacres and suicide bombings

Conflict Creates Change &Conflict Resolution

The P.L.O. (Palestine Liberation Organization) was formed to

  • Protect the rights of Palestinian refugees

  • Provide political leadership

  • Get rid of Israel by force

  • Create a country for the Palestinian Arabs

Yassir Arafat

Why would Israel NOT accept the formula for peace according to the map on the right?

Important People

  • Bill Clinton- US President helped negotiate peace between Israel and PLO in 1993.

  • Jimmy Cater- US President helped negotiate Camp David Accords between Israel and Egypt in 1979.

  • Yitzhak Rabin- Israel prime minister part of peace agreement with PLO. Later assassinated by Israeli extremist.

  • Anwar Sadat-Egyptian president part of Camp David Accords. 1st time Arabs recognized Israel politically. Later assassinated by Muslim extremist against peace.

  • Gamal Abdel Nasser- Egyptian president 1954-1970 nationalized Suez Canal for Egypt to help pay for Aswan High Dam. This led to Suez Crisis in 1956.

  • Saddam Hussein- Former dictator of Iraq. Invasion of Kuwait led to Persian Gulf War. My government was overthrown during Operation Iraqi Freedom. I was hung for my crimes against humanity.

  • George Bush- US President formed coalition of counteies to get Iraq out of Kuwait. Commander and chief during Persian Gulf War.

  • Menachem Begin-Israel prime minister part of Camp David Accords. I agreed to give Sinai Peninsula back to Egypt in exchange 4 peace.

  • James Authur Balfour- Represented British Government stating support for Zionism and home state for Jews. Jews back to holy land

  • Yasser Arafat- Leader of PLO until death 2004 {Responsible for Terrorist attacks} Helped negotiate peace agreement with Israel won Nobel Peace Prize 1994.

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