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Key Concept 1.2 Paleolithic cave drawings And The Neolithic Revolution and early agricultural societies. The first human societies. What are Paleolithic Societies? Small groups/ Kinship Mobile/nomadic Wild Plants and Animals for diet Egalitarian society- Rules govern .

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Key Concept 1.2

Paleolithic cave drawings

And

The Neolithic Revolution and early agricultural societies


The first human societies
The first human societies

What are Paleolithic Societies?

Small groups/ Kinship

Mobile/nomadic

Wild Plants and Animals for diet

Egalitarian society-

Rules govern


What causes people to migrate
What causes people to migrate?

  • Push and Pull Factors

    • Push factors are…

    • Pull factors are…


Realms of the spirit control of nature
Realms of the spirit/control of nature

Rich interior life

Understanding of the non-material world

Over time,

Miniaturization of stone tools

Control over nature

Permanent settlements


Evidence

What were the purposes (meanings) of Paleolithic Cave Art? What can they tell us about Paleolithic human societies?


Purpose meaning prehistoric
Purpose & Meaning (Prehistoric)

We have three types of paintings:

Religious power (bring a good hunt)

Teaching young hunters to identify animals – Question: Who would be the hunters in a society?

Communication (precursor to writing)








Chauvet cave
Chauvet Cave


Chauvet cave 1
Chauvet Cave #1


Chauvet cave 2
Chauvet Cave #2


Chauvet cave 3
Chauvet Cave #3


Chauvet cave 4
Chauvet Cave #4


Chauvet cave 5
Chauvet Cave #5


Chauvet cave 6
Chauvet Cave #6


Chauvet cave 61
Chauvet Cave #6


Chauvet cave 7
Chauvet Cave #7


Chauvet cave 8
Chauvet Cave #8


Chauvet cave 9
Chauvet Cave #9


Cosquer cave side view
Cosquer Cave - Side View








Cussac cave
Cussac Cave


Cussac cave 1
Cussac Cave #1


Cussac cave 2
Cussac Cave #2


Cussac cave 3
Cussac Cave #3


Cussac cave 31
Cussac Cave #3


Document analysis
Document Analysis

How do the groups you placed these drawings in help you understand their purpose?

Is there room for additional interpretations of these drawings?


Neolithic revolution
Neolithic Revolution

Agricultural Revolution

Changes in human life from hunters-gatherers to farmers

From food gathering-to-food producing

Causes-

Rising temperatures (longer growing season)

Population growth- need for more food


Neolithic revolution1
Neolithic Revolution

  • As societies settle, this sets up…

    • Division of labor

    • Places become permanent

    • Men go to work, women stay at home

    • Populations increased

    • Family groups become villages…urban…


Farming techniques
Farming Techniques

  • Slash & Burn

    • Cut & burn trees and grasses to clear a field

    • Ashes fertilize soil

    • After two years…moved

  • Domestication of Animals

    • Tamed horses, dogs, goats, pigs

    • Farmers and Pastoral Nomads (herders)

    • Problem… leads to erosion


Villages develop
Villages Develop

  • Africa- Nile River Valley

    • Wheat, barley, other crops

  • China- Huang He River

    • Millet, rice

  • Mexico and Central America

    • Corn, beans, squash

  • Peru

    • Tomatoes, sweet potatoes, white potatoes

    • Connection to water…


The fertile crescent
The Fertile Crescent

  • Notice the shape

  • Why would the first full agricultural revolution take place here?


Gobekli tepe location turkey
GobekliTepe – location = Turkey

  • The Birth of Religion


Catal huyuk
CatalHuyuk

  • South Central Turkey

  • Farmers- large crops of wheat, barley, peas

  • Raised Cattle & Sheep

  • Potters & weavers

  • Obsidian- jewelry, mirrors, knives

  • 6,000 people


Catal huyuk1
CatalHuyuk


Catal huyuk2
CatalHuyuk


Goddess mother resting hands on leopards
Goddess Mother(Resting hands on leopards)


Dangers of settled life
Dangers of Settled Life

  • Flood

  • Fire

  • Drought

  • Disease


Chauvet Caves: http://www.culture.gouv.fr/culture/arcnat/chauvet/en/index.html

Cosquer caves: http://www.culture.gouv.fr/culture/archeosm/en/fr-cosqu1.htm

Cussac caves: http://www.bradshawfoundation.com/chauvet/cussac-cave.html

All are in southern France.


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