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Key Concept 1.2 Paleolithic cave drawings And

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Key Concept 1.2 Paleolithic cave drawings And The Neolithic Revolution and early agricultural societies. The first human societies. What are Paleolithic Societies? Small groups/ Kinship Mobile/nomadic Wild Plants and Animals for diet Egalitarian society- Rules govern .

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slide1

Key Concept 1.2

Paleolithic cave drawings

And

The Neolithic Revolution and early agricultural societies

the first human societies
The first human societies

What are Paleolithic Societies?

Small groups/ Kinship

Mobile/nomadic

Wild Plants and Animals for diet

Egalitarian society-

Rules govern

what causes people to migrate
What causes people to migrate?
  • Push and Pull Factors
    • Push factors are…
    • Pull factors are…
realms of the spirit control of nature
Realms of the spirit/control of nature

Rich interior life

Understanding of the non-material world

Over time,

Miniaturization of stone tools

Control over nature

Permanent settlements

slide5

Evidence

What were the purposes (meanings) of Paleolithic Cave Art? What can they tell us about Paleolithic human societies?
purpose meaning prehistoric
Purpose & Meaning (Prehistoric)

We have three types of paintings:

Religious power (bring a good hunt)

Teaching young hunters to identify animals – Question: Who would be the hunters in a society?

Communication (precursor to writing)

document analysis
Document Analysis

How do the groups you placed these drawings in help you understand their purpose?

Is there room for additional interpretations of these drawings?

neolithic revolution
Neolithic Revolution

Agricultural Revolution

Changes in human life from hunters-gatherers to farmers

From food gathering-to-food producing

Causes-

Rising temperatures (longer growing season)

Population growth- need for more food

neolithic revolution1
Neolithic Revolution
  • As societies settle, this sets up…
    • Division of labor
    • Places become permanent
    • Men go to work, women stay at home
    • Populations increased
    • Family groups become villages…urban…
farming techniques
Farming Techniques
  • Slash & Burn
    • Cut & burn trees and grasses to clear a field
    • Ashes fertilize soil
    • After two years…moved
  • Domestication of Animals
    • Tamed horses, dogs, goats, pigs
    • Farmers and Pastoral Nomads (herders)
    • Problem… leads to erosion
villages develop
Villages Develop
  • Africa- Nile River Valley
    • Wheat, barley, other crops
  • China- Huang He River
    • Millet, rice
  • Mexico and Central America
    • Corn, beans, squash
  • Peru
    • Tomatoes, sweet potatoes, white potatoes
    • Connection to water…
the fertile crescent
The Fertile Crescent
  • Notice the shape
  • Why would the first full agricultural revolution take place here?
catal huyuk
CatalHuyuk
  • South Central Turkey
  • Farmers- large crops of wheat, barley, peas
  • Raised Cattle & Sheep
  • Potters & weavers
  • Obsidian- jewelry, mirrors, knives
  • 6,000 people
dangers of settled life
Dangers of Settled Life
  • Flood
  • Fire
  • Drought
  • Disease
slide48
Chauvet Caves: http://www.culture.gouv.fr/culture/arcnat/chauvet/en/index.html

Cosquer caves: http://www.culture.gouv.fr/culture/archeosm/en/fr-cosqu1.htm

Cussac caves: http://www.bradshawfoundation.com/chauvet/cussac-cave.html

All are in southern France.

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