ENVIRONMENT AND SUSTAINABILITY STRATEGIES FOR URBAN REGENERATION
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ENVIRONMENT AND SUSTAINABILITY STRATEGIES FOR URBAN REGENERATION. Maria Cruz FERREIRA-COSTA Managing Director - ALEM MURCIA City Council, Spain. Regeneration projects for a low-carbon economy 29 May 2009 – Baia Mare, Romania. Pan-European representative body for Europe’s biggest cities.

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ENVIRONMENT AND SUSTAINABILITY STRATEGIES FOR URBAN REGENERATION

Maria Cruz FERREIRA-COSTA Managing Director -ALEM

MURCIA City Council, Spain

Regeneration projects for a low-carbon economy

29 May 2009 – Baia Mare, Romania


Pan-European representative body for Europe’s biggest cities

  • Cooperation

  • Culture

  • Economy

  • Environment

  • Knowledge Society

  • Mobility

  • Social Affais


Founded in 1986, then network brings together the local governments of more than 130 large cities in over 30 European countries

  • Platform to share knowledge & ideas

  • Exchange experiencies

  • Analyse common problems

  • Develop innovative solutions

  • Organise Forum, WG, Projects, activities & events

  • GIVE CITIES A VOICE!

  • Engage in dialogue with the European Institutions

  • EUROCITIES Declaration on Climate Change


The municipality of murcia
The Municipality of Murcia governments of more than 130 large cities in over 30 European countries

Administratively: Murcia CAPITAL + 54 districts

Murcia City: Centralizes ALL services

7th most populated cities in Spain! Around 450.000

45% live in the city and the others in the outskirts (54 districts)

The daily intensity of solar radiation in the municipality reaches a good level in order to take advantage of energy (yearly average 5 KWh/m2/day)

Rain is very poor and irregular: one of the areas with less yearly average rain in Spain (<250 mm.) and consequently in Europe

MURCIA CITY: Capital of the Region of Murcia with an area of 885.90 km2


Murcia’s is one of the Networks with more points of light in Spain:

84000 public lighting points and a total Power installed of 11MW

Reason: Disseminated population Urban area: Murcia City and its 54 urban districts


Towards a low carbon economy
Towards in Spaina low-carbon economy

UE: More than 60% of the population live in cities

  • Murcia: Half of the population live in the Urban Area

  • Nº of inhabitants: Currently 7 biggest city in Spain

  • COVENANT OF MAYORS = 3 x 20!


European Cities are very different but we Do face similar difficulties and TRY TO solve problems together and find common solutions


From sustainable development
From Sustainable Development difficulties and

  • Economic Development

  • Environmental Protection

  • Mobility

  • Improving Quality of Life


Compromises for a sustainable development
Compromises for a Sustainable Development difficulties and

  • Sustainable managament of water resources: Our Historical problem!

  • Agenda 21 local

  • Enlargement & Improving Green Public Spaces

  • Promoting renewable energies

  • Sustainable Urban Mobility: Urban Plan

  • Air Quality & Noise Reduction

  • Raising Enviromental Awareness


MURCIA DISTRICT PLAN 21 difficulties and

PHASES AND MILESTONES

1998 Signing of the Aalborg Commitments

1999-2000 Environmental Diagnostic Study and Action Plan (EDSAP).

2000 Action plan

2000 and 2001: Participation in the Guide to Good Environmental Practice of FEMP for the preparation of the District Plan 21

2001 District Plan 21 (9 thematic areas and 28 indicators).

2004: Participation in the 4th European Conference on Sustainable Cities (Aalborg+10).

2005 UN Prize to the EDSAP, HABITAT programme

2005 Murcia joins the Network of Spanish City for Climate

2007-2008: Local Energy Agency, ALEM

2007-2008: Local Strategy Against Climate Change 101... X – 250.000 TCo2 x year

TODAY!! An AWARD!!! MURCIA SUSTAINABLE CITY!!!

2008-2009: Join Covenant of Mayors


Local energy agency climate change
Local Energy Agency & Climate Change difficulties and

PrincipalesObjetivos

LOCAL ENERGETIC PLAN

  • Local Energetic Consumption

  • Transport & Urban Mobility

  • Construction & Urbanistic Plan

  • Education & Raising Awareness


Towards sustainable development low carbon
Towards Sustainable Development difficulties and Low Carbon

Environmental

Social

Economic

  • Pollution

  • Noise

  • Emmissions


MURCIA DISTRICT PLAN 21 difficulties and

BACKGROUND

Earth Summit, Rio de Janeiro, 1992.

What is A21L?

District Plan 21 is the instrument from which cities are equipped to advance towards more sustainable communities, that is to say, more efficient and economic, cleaner and more healthy, more integrated and supportive of other cultures and realities… cities that aspire to improve the quality of life and the well-being of all their citizens through maximum respect for the environment and its resources, including human beings

  • Johannesburg, 2002. 2nd World Conference on Sustainable Development.

  • Aalborg + 10, 2004.


MURCIA DISTRICT PLAN 21 difficulties and

CHARACTERISTICS

Municipal Undertaking on Sustainability: Signing of the Aalborg Commitments

Its success is based on the combination of three aspects: environment, social and economic

It requires continuous and coordinated work among the various municipal areas (environment, urban planning, transport, social matters, economic policy, health, etc.).

It is a continuous and long term process

It implies the citizen participating in decision making


MURCIA DISTRICT PLAN 21 difficulties and

INITIALLY........SOME STATISTICS

  • Begginers:Participants: 210 people, as well as various public and private businesses etc..

  • Interviews performed:

    • Encounters with the general public: 1100

    • District Mayors: 54

      - Neighbourhood Associations: 52

      - Ecologist Groups: 2

    • Consumer Organisations: 15


MURCIA DISTRICT PLAN 21 difficulties and

PREPARATION SCHEMA A21L

Signature of Aalborg Commitments

pre-operational phase

Analysis of the current situation.

Diagnostic.

Participation Plan

Technical Diagnosis

Qualitative

Diagnosis

Action Plan

District Plan 21

Formulation of Indicators

Creation of the A21L Office


MURCIA DISTRICT PLAN 21 difficulties and

FORUM21

Central Administration

Regional Administration

Local Administration

Ecologist Groups

University

Unions

Consumer Associations

Neighbourhood Associations

District Mayors

Independent Technicians


MURCIA DISTRICT PLAN 21 difficulties and

DIAGNOSIS OF MURCIA MUNICIPALITY

A rigorous territorial analysis of environmental matters has been performed, that has been considered of great importance for the Municipality of Murcia. These were designated “subsystems” and are the following:

  • Subsystem 1: Quality of the Atmospheric Environment

  • Subsystem 2: Waste

  • Subsystem 3: Water

  • Subsystem 4: Quality of the Urban Environment

  • Subsystem 5: Energy

  • Subsystem 6: The Territory and Natural Risks

  • Subsystem 7: Biodiversity

  • Subsystem 8: Landscape

  • Subsystem 9: Cultural Leisure and Free Time Resources


MURCIA DISTRICT PLAN 21 difficulties and

DIAGNOSIS

MATRIX

ENVIRONMENTAL ACTION PLAN

  • The Action Plan is established from the conclusions and recommendations set out in the Environmental Diagnosis document

  • It is a tool that enables actions directed at improving the Local Environment to be carried out in a coherent and sustainable manner


MURCIA DISTRICT PLAN 21 difficulties and

FEEDBACK

Evaluation of Strategic Lines

Evaluation of Indicators

Update the Action Plan

SUSTAINABILITY


MURCIA DISTRICT PLAN 21 difficulties and

ENVIRONMENTAL ACTION PLAN

PHILOSOPHY AND VISION

Synthesis of the principal environmental aspects.

Causes of the principal environmental aspects.

Identify Actions

Formulation of Objectives.

Grouping of Actions into Strategic Lines

Creation of Strategic Lines in order to deal with the objectives

Project Prioritisation Criteria

Formulation and Selection of INDICATORS

Evaluation and Monitoring

PUBLIC PARTICIPATION.


MURCIA DISTRICT PLAN 21 difficulties and

ENVIRONMENTAL ACTION PLAN

Strategic Lines:

1. Development of Urban Environmental Services

2. Improve Urban Environmental Quality

3. Conservation and Sustainable Use of Natural Resources, Land and Biodiversity

4. Training, Information and Raising Public Awareness

5. Promotion, Monitoring and Control


MURCIA DISTRICT PLAN 21 difficulties and

STRUCTURE OF PLAN 21

1. Proposal in agreement with the Plenary Session of the Town Council:

  • Declaration of agreement

  • Model of Environmental sustainability for the municipality of Murcia

  • System of Evaluation, Monitoring and Dissemination

    2. Selected Indicators:

    According to Thematic Areas:

  • Water

  • Waste

  • Quality of urban environment

  • Atmosphere

  • Biodiversity

  • Landscape

  • Land and Environmental Risks

  • Health, society and environmental risks

  • Cultural resources


MURCIA DISTRICT PLAN 21 difficulties and

SOME STATISTICS

  • www. MURCIA.es more than 100 personal or group suggestions and 2107 hits.

  • Meetings held: More than 150 meetings with various groups, district committees, work teams, advisory councils etc.

  • Permanent District Plan 21 Office: 112 requests for information (university, private companies, town halls, participation in conferences and publications).


MURCIA DISTRICT PLAN 21 difficulties and

SUSTAINABILITY INDICATORS

  • Quality of the Atmospheric Environment:

    - Noise. No. of sample points that exceed the values established by the bylaw.

  • Waste:

    - Kg of Urban Solid Waste inhabitant/day

    - Percentage selective collection

    - t of inert waste collected

    - Kg of special waste collected

  • Water:

    - Km of sewers in the drainage system.

    - Percentage of residual water treated

    - Progress in contaminant load of water in COD

    - Progress in contaminant load of residual water in equivalent inhabitants

    - Litres of drinking water consumed.

    - No of controlled companies that dump waste into the drainage system.

    - Percentage of companies with purification treatments


MURCIA DISTRICT PLAN 21 difficulties and

SUSTAINABILITY INDICATORS

  • Energy:

    - Production of energy using biogas.

    - Number of homes with solar installations

    Preparing to Apply in order to have an IEE Agency

  • Land and Natural Risks:

    -No of hectares and type of vegetation affected by fire

  • Biodiversity:

    - Surface area of municipal forest parks

  • Landscape:

    - No of licences granted for refurbishment of homes

  • Cultural Resources:

    - No of educational cultural centres/10,000 inhabitants

    - No of visitors to municipal museums


MURCIA DISTRICT PLAN 21 difficulties and

CHALLENGES

1. Sustainability is not just the “environment”

2. Strong leadership is THERE the highest level (Town Hall)

3. It is necessary to move on from making speeches to commitment and actions

4. There is a traditional weakness in taking part


MURCIA DISTRICT PLAN 21 difficulties and

OBJECTIVES OF THE 21 PLANS

1. To guarantee the development of the action plans of each municipality, that is to say, the execution of the actions and the projects foreseen in the 54 District Plans

2. To help the establishment of the 54 District Offices, which are the bodies in charge of putting the action plans into practice and guaranteeing a suitable level of citizen participation in the process

3. To evaluate how good the action plans are by means of the Municipal System of Sustainability Indicators


MURCIA DISTRICT PLAN 21 difficulties and

SUSTAINABLE PROPOSALS FOR THE FUTURE

  • The network of Murcian municipalities commitment towards sustainability. REDMUR 21

  • Commitment to Aaborg+10

  • Realisation of Murcia’s A21L website

  • Printed and digital version of Murcia’s A21L

  • Putting the A21L School into action

  • Communication plan

  • Publication of the sustainability indicators Report.

  • Review of the Environmental Action Plan


Objectives of the local strategy
Objectives of the Local Strategy difficulties and

To know the emissions from the Municipality

To Reduce the emmissions caused by Municipal activity

To develop and to enlarge green areas as reducing carbon emissions

To promote the use of more efficinet technologies in the energetic comsuption area

To ADAPT!

To raise awareness


Objetive of the local strategy against climate change
Objetive of the Local Strategy against Climate Change difficulties and

To reduce in a short term (period 2008 –2012) the 20 %, of the CO2 emmissions produced as a consequence of urban acivity, meaning: CO2 en 0,24 Mt.


ACTING PLAN difficulties and

102 proposed measures

  • Housing

  • Industrial and Commercial Sector

  • Municipal Activity

  • Waste Plants

  • MOBILITY


Driving: Saving 15% difficulties and

2012

CO2


Urban mobility
URBAN MOBILITY difficulties and

  • Urban Mobility Plan

  • Tram

  • Development of the BIKE NET and GREEN PATHS

  • BICING

  • Incentivate the use of hibrid & ecological vehicles

  • Nº of trips made on public transport

  • Development of pedestrianised areas m2 /inhabitant

  • Development of green areas m2 /inhabitant

  • Nº of public parking spaces

  • Km of cycle paths


Promote WALKING! difficulties and


Murcia 10.000 steps difficulties and


Urban Local Path Net, MURCIA difficulties and

  • Following the path, we will walk 10.000 steps

  • 6.5 Km. – 7 Km.

  • Are the optimal distance in order to be fit 


Urban Local Path Net, MURCIA difficulties and

  • Path & Gardens of our City

  • The path is clearly indicated with urban furniture

  • Clear enough to follow the way!


Urban Local Path Net, MURCIA difficulties and

  • Indeed! 8 Municipal Districts will join

  • The design has taken many issues into consideration

  • Transit areas, peadonal areas, gardens, dimmesnios of the strees

  • Buildings, squares, and cultural places, touristcal interest

  • Local carachter


USE THE BIKE difficulties and !


ESTRATEGIC PLAN for the USE of BIKES difficulties and

Object: Necessary actions to promote the use of bikes in our CITY as a common transport, as a fact of Mobility


ESTRATEGIC PLAN for the USE of BIKES difficulties and

OBJECTIVES:

  • Incentivate NEW MODELS of sustainable mobility

  • Design a road’s net

  • Promote the use of bikes as transport-mode

  • Facilitate the use to citizens

  • Proposals in new Urban Plans


STRATEGIC PLAN for the USE of BIKES difficulties and

Criteria to be considered during the desing:

  • Integrate it in urban area

  • Continuity

  • Security

  • Accessibility

  • Itermodality

  • CONSESUM


STRATEGIC PLAN for the USE of BIKES difficulties and

RENTING - BICING

  • Where?

  • Capacity?

  • Management

  • Services & complementary measures

  • Performances Indicators


Public RENTING – BICING! difficulties and


Raising Awareness difficulties and

  • Schools

  • Green Homes

  • Green Commerce

  • Web

  • Green Suggestions

  • Climate Change Office

  • Campaings


Collaboration
COLLABORATION difficulties and


Cambio clim tico 2 climate change a gl o 2 bal problem
Cambio difficulties and climátiCO2Climate Change …a GLO2BAL PROBLEM


Climate change a l o 2 cal answer
Climate Change difficulties and …a LO2cal Answer

…a GLOBAL PROBLEM


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