aztecs
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
Aztecs

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 23

Aztecs - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 154 Views
  • Uploaded on

Aztecs. Geography. Legend to settle where eagle is perched on cactus with snake in its beak. Geography. Aztecs settled in the Valley of Mexico on a small island in the middle of Lake Texcoco Valley of Mexico is in the highland basin of central Mexico Named their settlement Tenochtitlan.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' Aztecs' - tayten


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
geography
Geography

Legend

to settle where eagle is perched on cactus with snake in its beak

geography1
Geography

Aztecs settled in the Valley of Mexico on a small island in the middle of Lake Texcoco

Valley of Mexico is in the highland basin of central Mexico

Named their settlement Tenochtitlan

geography2
Geography

Tenochtitlan was a good place to settle because

Easy to defend

It was a rich source of food

It was easy for to get to for trading

Canals made transportation and getting around easy

geography3
Geography

Aztecs at their height

Empire had 10 million people

Valley of Mexico about 1 million people

Tenochtitlan – 200,000 people

Central Mexico

Costal Guatemala

Moctezuma was the leader beginning in 1502

geography history
Geography & History

Downfall of the civilization began in 1519 with the arrival of Hernan Cortes and the Spaniards

Military fighting

Diseases – small pox

religion
Religion

Worshiped many gods

Kings ruled with the blessing of the gods

Tezcatlipoca

All powerful god

Tlaloc

God of rain (water and harvest)

Huitzilopochtli

MOST IMPORTANT GOD

Brought success in battle

Kept sun in sky

Human sacrifice kept Huitzilopochtli strong & sun in sky

religion1
RELIGION

MOCTEZUMA

HUITZILOPOCHTLI

achievements
Achievements

Architects

Templo Mayor

Largest temple in the plaza

Two shrines at the top

One for Huitzilopochtil

One for Tlaloc

Causeway

Raised up road that connected the island to the shore

Aqueducts

Brought fresh water to the island

Avenues & canals

Made travel easy

Chinampas

Floating islands

Plots of gardens or fields for farming

Used to expand land

Dikes

Prevent flooding and circulate water for chinampas

achievements1
Achievements

Causeway

Templo Mayor - Canals

achievements2
Achievements

Chinampas

Aqueduct

achievements3
Achievements

Artisans

Baskets, pottery, and sandals

Jewelry

Mosaics

Feather work – headdresses, capes, & shields

achievements4
Achievements

Language

Skilled orators

Tell stories from past and legends of the gods

Nahuatl is Aztec language

Poetry

politics
Politics

No true central government

Loose collection of city-states

Maintained control through military force

Led by a king

King selected by council of nobles

politics1
Politics

New king had to prove military skills and win tribute

King had five advisors

One prime minister – run day to day affairs

Four military generals

politics2
Politics

Lower level of advisors

Judges

Clerks

Tax collectors

Cities were divided into districts called calulli

Led by district chief

economy
Economy

For most commoners life centered around farming

Men tended fields

Women household duties

Artisans and traders were well respected

Artisans

Sandals

Baskets

Feather headdress

pottery

Traders

Travel to obtain exotic goods – feathers and stones

Trade at market

Sometimes cacao beans used for money

social
Social

There were two classes – nobles and commoners

Nobles

5-10% of population

Trace lineage to first Aztec king

Held leadership positions with the government and military

social1
Social

Commoners

Most were farmers

Men tended fields

Women household

Artisans and traders were seen as important, but were commoners

All

Children went to school for at least a few years

All boys received military training

social2
Social

Aztec Family

ad