Africa
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Africa. 1450-1750 CE. Politics. leaders cooperated with slave traders monarchy inheritance and succession was matrilineal, meaning it followed the woman’s family. When a king of Ghana died he was succeeded by his sister's son. Sunni Ali. West African Empires. Songhay Prince Sunni Ali

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Africa

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Africa

Africa

1450-1750 CE


Politics

Politics

  • leaders cooperated with slave traders

  • monarchy

    • inheritance and succession was matrilineal, meaning it followed the woman’s family.

    • When a king of Ghana died he was succeeded by his sister's son.


West african empires

Sunni Ali

West African Empires

Songhay

Prince Sunni Ali

  • conquered the Mali Empire in 1463.

  • not a devout Muslim.

  • succeeded by his son, a non-Muslim.

  • overthrown by the Muslim population, who made Askia Muhammad, a Muslim, king of Mali.


West african empires1

West African Empires

Under Askia Muhammad:

  • Islam became the state religion of Mali.

  • Arab scholars were brought to Timbuktu.

  • Timbuktu became the cultural center of West Africa.

  • The Mali Empire was defeated by The Moroccans in 1590

  • Moroccan occupation brought civil war and poverty.

  • Because of the frequent wars, this was also a time of intense slave trade of war prisoners for the Arab slave markets.


East african empires

East African Empires

Ethiopia

  • In 1508, Christian emperor Lebna Dengel was at war with neighboring Muslims.

  • Made a treaty with the Portuguese who lent him 400 soldiers with muskets and cannons to defeat the Muslims.

  • The aid from the Portuguese kept Ethiopia from becoming a Muslim state.


East african empires1

East African Empires

Kongo

  • In the 16th century, King John II of Portugal sent Jesuit missionaries to the Kingdom of Kongo.

  • The king of Kongo, Nzinga Nkuwu, converted to Christianity.

  • He sent his son, Afonzo Mvemba Nzinga, to missionary school.

  • In 1506, Afonzo I became king of Kongo.


Economy

Economy

  • Slavery was common in Africa

    • Men, women, and children captured in wars became slaves.

    • Slavery was also a consequence of family poverty, when poor people became slaves to pay off debts.

    • Between 1200 and 1500 CE, approximately 2.5 million Africans were sold as slaves to the Arabs.

    • In the 1500’s the Portuguese obtained slaves from already established Muslim sources.

  • Triangular Trade

    • Manufactured goods from Europe

    • Slaves from Africa

    • Raw goods from the Americas


Social class gender

Social: Class/Gender

  • Demographic shifts

    • more males in the slave trade than females (females traded more in the East coast)

    • depopulated

  • South & East Africa had more cultural influence from the Portuguese


Religion

Religion

  • animism, ancestor worship syncretism

  • Islam: many African Muslims had mixed opinions about some Islamic teachings, such as those concerning the role of women.

  • Aksumite Christianity took root in Ethiopia during the early stages of Christianity, and was different from that of the Catholic Church.


Science inventions art

Science, Inventions, & Art

General decline due to slave trade

  • manioc, maize, sweet potatoes (from America)

  • Islamic art/architecture, paper making


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