Scottish agriculture in numbers
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Scottish Agriculture in Numbers. Quiz Results. Andrew Walker. Question 1. Approximately how much of Scottish land belongs to agricultural holdings?. Results of the June Agricultural Census. 73%. Scotland’s land area. Agricultural area. 8% of holdings are over 200 hectares in size .

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Scottish agriculture in numbers

Scottish Agriculture in Numbers

Quiz Results

Andrew Walker


Approximately how much of scottish land belongs to agricultural holdings

Question 1

Approximately how much of Scottish land belongs to agricultural holdings?

Results of the June Agricultural Census


Scottish agriculture in numbers

73%

Scotland’s land area

Agricultural area


Scottish agriculture in numbers

8% of holdings are over 200 hectares in size

and account for 73% of the agricultural area of Scotland.

52% of holdings are under 10 hectares in size

and account for 2% of the agricultural area of Scotland.

Percentage of Holdings

Percentage of Area


Scottish agriculture in numbers

Grass

Scotland’s land area

Agricultural area

Rough grazing

Crops and fallow

Woodland

Non-cultivated

land


Scottish agriculture in numbers

Agricultural area on main and minor holdings by country, June 2012


How many tonnes of cereals were produced in scotland in 2012

Question 2

How many tonnes of cereals were produced in Scotland in 2012?

Estimates of the Scottish Cereal Harvest

Economic Report on Scottish Agriculture


Scottish agriculture in numbers

Change in cereal production (2003 to 2012)

– relationship between area and yield –


Scottish agriculture in numbers

ProdValue

Raspberries

Strawberries

Other Fruit

ProdValue

Barley -8% +8%

Wheat -30%-16%

Oats -11%+16%

OSR

Potatoes

Carrots

Turnips

and Swedes

Brussel Sprouts

Peas

Other Vegetables

2.5 million tonnes

(down 15% on 2011)


Scottish agriculture in numbers

Photos used under Creative Commons licence from Flickr.com

Whiskey by Paul Joseph

Bread loaf by Jeff Keacher

Porridge with maple syrup by LondonBrad

AgStats Fun Stuff


Roughly how many sheep are there for every 100 people in scotland

Question 3

Roughly how many sheep are there for every 100 people in Scotland?

Results of the June Agricultural Census


Scottish agriculture in numbers

Sheep numbers peaked in 1930s, 60s and 90s , but now at lowest since 1947.

6.7 million in 2012.

Cattle numbers were static until the 1930s, then rose to a peak of 2.7 million in 1974, and have since fallen back.

1.8 million in 2012.


Scottish agriculture in numbers

Poultry: Numbers, which are only available since 1946, increased in the 1970s, and have fluctuated since then, generally between 12 million and 15 million.

14.7 million in 2012.

Pigs: Numbers increased sharply in the 1950s, peaking in the early 70s and late 90s, but have now fallen back to its lowest since 1951.

363,000 in 2012.


Scottish agriculture in numbers

People

5.3m

Farm workers

68,000

Poultry

14.7m

Scotland’s Population

Sheep

6.7m

Cattle

1.8m

Pigs

363,000


Scottish agriculture in numbers

People

5.3m

Farm workers

68,000

Poultry

14.7m

Scotland’s Population

Sheep

6.7m

Cattle

1.8m

Pigs

363,000


Scottish agriculture in numbers

People

5.3m

Farm workers

68,000

Poultry

14.7m

128 sheep for every 100 people in Scotland.

Scotland’s Population

Per farm worker

Sheep

6.7m

5 pigs

26 cows

98 sheep

215 poultry

Cattle

1.8m

Pigs

363,000


Scottish agriculture in numbers

Output value of livestock

Ten-year trend

volume price

beef

sheep

poultry

pig


Scottish agriculture in numbers

Per Person Production

10 chickens

of a cow

of a pig

a sheep

200 eggs

Four woolly jumpers

Photos used under Creative Commons licence from Flickr.com

Chickens by April Younglove

Cow and pig by Peter Pearson

Sheep (Ovisaries) by Peter aka anemoneprojectors

Eggs by George M. Groutas

Milkbottlesby gwire

The Lopapeysu Gang by GuðmundurBjarniÓlafsson

430 pints of milk


What was the total income from farming in scotland in 2012

Question 4

What was the Total Income From Farming in Scotland in 2012?

Farm Income Estimates


Scottish agriculture in numbers

Total Income From Farming (TIFF) -2012

Output = £3.3 bn

Less subsidies = £2.8 bn

Input = £2.7 bn

TIFF = £635m

Change over the year:

Output

Input

TIFF

-£65m

+£46m

-£111m


Scottish agriculture in numbers

Total Income From Farming (TIFF) -2012

Average:

£643m

Average:

£571m

Period of high inflation

1, 2, 3

1995 to 1998:

1 strong pound

2 weak world commodity prices

3 impact of BSE


In 2012 what was the average income of scottish farm businesses

Question 5

In 2012, what was the average income of Scottish Farm Businesses?

Farm Income Estimates


Scottish agriculture in numbers

-2%

-6%

Farm Business Income (FBI) - 2012

Average FBI:

Over five years

£45k

On last year

Average FBI of top 25%: £117k

FBI of bottom 25%: -£5k


Scottish agriculture in numbers

Farm Business Income (FBI) - 2012


Scottish agriculture in numbers

Farm Business Income (FBI) - 2012

  • One full year = 1900 hours

  • FBI/FTE = £31,000

  • On average, £16.13 per hour

  • This is roughly two and a half times the minimum agricultural wage in Scotland


Scottish agriculture in numbers

Farm Business Income (FBI) - 2012

Income available to remunerate unpaid labour of those with an entrepreneurial interest in the business, relative to MAW.

One in four farm businesses don’t generate enough to pay invested labour the minimum agricultural wage.

One in ten make a loss.


Which type of farm generates the greatest average farm business income

Question 6

Which type of farm generates the greatest average farm business income?

Farm Income Estimates


Scottish agriculture in numbers

Farm Business Income (FBI) - 2012

Dairy Farms average FBI = £80k

Average FBI

in 2011-12:

£80k

£50k

£50k

£48k

£45k

£37k

£30k

£25k

General

Cropping

Cereal

Cattle &

Sheep (LFA)

Dairy

Mixed

Beef (LFA)

Sheep (LFA)

Lowland

Cattle & Sheep

Change in last year:

+6%

-32%

-8%

-3%

+3%

+7%

-1%

-23%


Scottish agriculture in numbers

Net Farm Income (NFI) - 2012

Ban on beef exports (BSE)


Scottish agriculture in numbers

Farm Business Income (FBI) - 2012


Scottish agriculture in numbers

Farm Business Income (FBI) - 2012


Scottish agriculture in numbers

In 1912, how many hectares of turnips and swedes were grown in Scotland?

177.9


Summary 1

Summary (1)

  • 73% of Scotland’s land area is agricultural

    – mostly severely disadvantaged

    – mostly rough grazing with proportionally less grass than rest of UK.

  • 2.5 million tonnes of cereals in 2012

    – down 15% on previous year due to fall in yields, but still potential for making lots of whiskey

  • General decline in livestock numbers in last decade, except poultry

    – while output value of cattle continues to increase other livestock output has seen a fall in the last year.


Summary 2

Summary (2)

  • Estimated TIFF for 2012 = £635 million

    – 2% fall in outputs and 2% rise in inputs (esp. fertiliser and fuel)

    – improvement in 10 year average

  • Average FBI £45,000 (£117k for high performers, -£5k for low)

    – without subsidies, average farm makes a loss

    – one in four farm businesses don’t generate enough to pay invested labour the minimum agricultural wage

  • Dairy farms have the highest average income (£80,000)

    – Dairy, Mixed and LFA Cattle and Sheep average incomes at highest levels in 20 years (accounting for inflation)

    – Overall, average income has returned to level of mid-1990s


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