EDUCATORS GUIDE
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EDUCATORS GUIDE. Special Needs Children. Clipartof.com. SPECIAL CONDITIONS= SPECIAL NEEDS. Muscul.Dyst . Noonan Synd. PDD Musc Dyst . Noonan Synd. PDD Prenatal Drug Shaken baby synd , Smith Magenis Synd Spina bifida Vision. ADHD Cere . Palsy Cyst. Fibrosis Downs Synd.

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EDUCATORS GUIDE

Special Needs Children

Clipartof.com


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SPECIAL CONDITIONS= SPECIAL NEEDS

Muscul.Dyst.

Noonan Synd.

PDD

MuscDyst.

Noonan Synd.

PDD

Prenatal Drug

Shaken baby synd,

Smith MagenisSynd

Spina bifida

Vision

ADHD

Cere. Palsy

Cyst. Fibrosis

Downs Synd.

Diabetes

Epilepsy

Fetal Alcohol

Fragile X

HIV/AIDS

Marfan Synd.

Menningitis

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ASTHMA

&

ALLERGIES

by: david montecucco


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Asthma

A disease in which inflammation of the airways causes airflow into and out of the lungs to be restricted.

medicineplus.com, 2008


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ASTHMA ATTACK

The muscles of the bronchial tree become tight and the lining of the air passages swells, reducing airflow and producing the characteristic wheezing sound

medicineplus.com, 2008


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The prevalence of childhood asthma in the United States has increased since 1980, especially in younger children.

1996

1980

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Asthma


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Children's Risk Of Death From Asthma Linked To Family Dysfunction

ScienceDaily (May 20, 1998) — Despite new treatments for asthma, the death rate from this disease nearly doubled among 5- to 24-year-olds in the United States between 1980 and 1993. Although there are no clear explanations, Robert C. Strunk, M.D., a professor of pediatrics at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, says the vast majority of those deaths could have been prevented by appropriate care and planning. Strunk also has identified children who are most likely to die. These children live in families that, for various reasons, do not function or communicate well. "It's pretty clear that the parents don't pay attention when their child has bad asthma. Conflict or disorder in the family prevents good care or enhances the possibility of recognizing things late. Children just get trapped," Strunk said.


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ASTHMA PREVALENCE

Children age 0-17 by State 2001-2005

asthmaprevalence.com, 2009


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Asthma in America

  • · 13,000,000 school days are missed per year. Asthma is a leading cause of school absences. Children with asthma miss an average of 10 days per year

    · 5,000,000 children have asthmatic attack per year.

    · asthma in children is up 160% since 1980

    · 9% of school children have asthma

    · 2000 children die from asthma per year.

emedicine.org, 2009


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Asthma is the most common

chronic condition among children.

Asthma is more common among

male children than female children.

Asthma is more common among children

(7 to 10%) than adults (3 to 5%).

Nearly 5 million asthma sufferers are under age 18.

It is the most common chronic childhood disease,

affecting more than one child in 20

You will have an asthmatic

Child in your class!!


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COMMON ASTHMA ATTACK TRIGGERS

Animals (pet hair or dander)

Dust

Changes in weather (most often cold weather)

Chemicals in the air or in food

Exercise

Mold

Pollen

Respiratory infections, such as the common cold

Strong emotions (stress)

Tobacco smoke


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ASTHMATICS LIVE IN

FEAR

EVERY WEEK ‘6’ CHILDREN DIE

From ASTHMA


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EXPERIENCE an ASTHMA ATTACK

Asthma sufferer T.J. Greco, left, and Scott Mixon, right, (who is studying to be respiratory therapist) both of Tulare breaths through straws to show how an Asthma sufferer breaths during an attack. on Saturday, Feb. 23, 2002.

Flickr.com/zumwalt, 2001


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Symptoms continue to progress, the child has

Difficulty Talking

Pale, sweaty face

Blue Lips or Fingernails

Medication not effective

SYMPTOMS GET WORSE

PANIC


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TEACHERS NEED TO KNOW SIGNS of ASTHMA ATTACK

SIGNS of an ASTHMA ATTACK

Severe wheezing when breathing both in and out

Coughing with asthma that won't stop

Very rapid breathing

Chest pain or pressure

Tightened neck and chest muscles, called retractions


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TEACHER MUST TAKE ACTION

‘IF THE CHILD HAS

Bluish color to the lips and face

Decreased level of alertness

Severe drowsiness or confusion

Extreme difficulty breathing

Rapid pulse (100+)

Severe anxiety due to

shortness of breath

Sweating


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TEACHER’S

PLAN of ACTION

Immediately GET THE CHILD OUT OF

the environment where any kinds of

asthmatic agent or asthma triggers

are presentsmoke, perfume, dust,

pets, animals or plants

buzzle.com/asthma, 2010


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Sit the child upright

Loosen or remove tight clothing

Get the Child to relax

GET THE reliever inhaler

HAVE THE CHILD inhale It.

It will open the closed airways.

HAVE THE CHILD Take one puff every one

minute till the symptoms improve.


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Symptoms should start to ease up after 5-8 min

If no improvement CALL 911

CONTINUE TO USE INHALER TILL HELP ARRIVES

FYI

Ephedrine is a member of the adrenergic bronchodilator class of drugs that serve to open up the bronchial tubes of the lungs. Since the 1920s, synthetic versions of this drug have been used as a bronchodilator and nasal decongestant, and for controlling urinary incontinence. Although ephedrine is too slow acting to treat acute allergic attacks, it replaces epinephrine in nonemergency treatment of allergic reactions.

Ephedrine Crystallites

http://microscopyu.com, 2010


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EDUCATORS PLAN

Assess the population of each class

Meet with parents of special needs students

Set up the classroom to meet the physical needs

First Aid Station

Seating Chart

A/V aids

Handouts

Proceed with lesson planning

Keep on schedule

Make classes interactive

Offer after/before school assistance


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HEALTHY

BRONCHIAL

CELL


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BRONCHIAL CELL Of

SOMEONE DYING FROM

AN ASTHMA

ATTACK


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References used:

Asthma. (2010). medicineplus.com http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/asthma.html

Asthma – straw breathing exercise university of Miami. rsmas.com http://www.rsmas.miami.edu/groups/niehs/ambient/teacher/air/MODULE%20SEGMENTS/U%20StrawBreathingExercise.pdf

Asthma Attack - What To Do. (2010).buzzle.com. http://www.buzzle.com/articles/asthma-attack-what-to-do.html

Athmas causes. (2009). emedicine.org. http://www.emedicinehealth.com/asthma/page3_em.htm

Asthma in children. (2007). wikipedia.com.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Asthma

Asthma statistics. (2010) . Aaaai.org. http://aaaai.org/media/statistics/asthma-statistics.asp

Asthma Symptoms and Statistics. (2009). wakemed.com http://www.wakemed.org/110109.cfm

Asthma statistics. (2009). Asthmaprevalence.com. http://rds.yahoo.com/_ylt=A0S020mnckdMlDIAMJ.jzbkF/SIG=12ja1k417/EXP=1279837223/**http%3a//nchspressroom.wordpress.com/2007/06/26/asthma-prevalence

Nikon photo of lung cells. (2010). Nikon.com.

http://www.microscopyu.com/staticgallery/dxm1200/ephedrine20x.html

State of Childhood Asthma center for disease control. (2006). CDC.com http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/ad/ad381.pdf


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Photographs used:

Group Of School Children Conducting Science Experiments. Clipart.com http://www.clipartof.com/details/clipart/33054.html

Teenage kids cant sit still. Free-animatedgifs.com http://www.free-animated-gifs.com/thumbnails.php?album=137

photo by Chris Zumwalt 0223_weewhizers_Greco . flickr.com http://www.flickr.com/photos/zumwaltphotos/3340037005/

bronchiali images. brownuniversity.edu

http://www.brown.edu/Courses/Digital_Path/systemic_path/pulmonary/bronchialepi.html

Templeton's notes of the lung. argjiro.net. http://www.argjiro.net/albi/white/path/index.php3?album=14&photo_id=31


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