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Participation and funding in higher education: international aspects. Gerald Burke Monash Education Research Community (MERC) Global Education Systems Day, Faculty of Education Monash University 11 May 2010 [email protected] 1. Focus.

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Participation and funding in higher education: international aspects

Gerald Burke

Monash Education Research Community (MERC)

Global Education Systems Day,

Faculty of Education Monash University

11 May 2010

[email protected]



  • Proportion of population participating

  • Public and private funding

  • Key issues --- illustrated by Australian reforms

    Some key references or sources

    OECD 2009, Education Today, Chapter 4 Higher Education

    Review of Australian Higher Education, 2008 (called the Bradley Report)

    UNESCO Institute for Statistics Data Centre

Population 2009

GDP per head Intl$, 2009 (IMF data)

Tertiary participation 2007 (UNESCO data)

Tertiary participation rates 2007

International students 2007

Education expenditure 2006 (UNESCO data)

Australia: key issues

  • Australia domestic enrolments growing relatively slowly to 2008

  • Concern re course quality and student experience

  • Real funds per student and staff-student ratios declining

  • International education, funds and effects

  • Private funding/fees high compared with OECD countries*

  • Importance of more graduates

    • for skilled workforce and

    • to support a civil and just society

  • Research funds deemed insufficient

  • Participation of less advantaged too low

  • Possible shortage of academics

Enrolments in higher education Australia (DEEWR data)

International students Australia 2005 to 2009 (AEI data)

Indigenous and non-Indigenous participation by age group*

Higher education revenues Australia 2008 total $18,400 million (DEEWR)

Fees for domestic students Australia 2010

Commonwealth support per EFTSL by funding cluster 2010

1. Expanding the system

  • Review of Australian Higher Education 2008 called the Bradley Report, after the Chair, Denise Bradley

    • entitlement funding from the Commonwealth government to enhance workforce skills and create opportunities

      • Government to support entry/choice by all eligible domestic students

      • May seek to influence distribution across fields of study

    • targets for participation and completion

      • 40% of 25-34 year olds to have degree by 2020 or 2025 – from 30%

    • additional funds including huge infrastructure funding

2. Assistance for disadvantaged groups

  • Target - lift from 16% to 20% of lowest quarter of SES

  • Extra funds for enrolling low social background students

  • Better links to TAFE and schools

  • Reforms to student assistance to low income students

    • Youth Allowance, Austudy and Abstudy

  • Income contingent loans

    • HECS-HELP, FEE-HELP repayable when income exceeds $45,000 2010-11

3. Quality and quality assurance

  • New national regulator Tertiary Education Quality and Standards Agency (TEQSA) for registration and audit of providers of tertiary education

  • Some public funding to be ‘Performance Based’

  • More information published (e.g. course experience) to improve choice and reveal poor performance

  • Stop decline in funding per student

  • Improve supply of staff: more research degree completions, less casualisation, improved conditions

  • Improve Australian Qualifications Framework (AQF)

Changes affecting international students

  • Reform of the ESOS Act included in national regulation reform

  • Tightening of rules for registration, increased public information on performance of providers of training, possible moderation of assessment

  • Changes in immigration rules, Skilled Occupations List (SOL), points for Australian qualifications

  • Proposals for research scholarships, more English support, workforce orientation


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