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Participation and funding in higher education: international aspects. Gerald Burke Monash Education Research Community (MERC) Global Education Systems Day, Faculty of Education Monash University 11 May 2010 [email protected] 1. Focus.

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participation and funding in higher education international aspects

Participation and funding in higher education: international aspects

Gerald Burke

Monash Education Research Community (MERC)

Global Education Systems Day,

Faculty of Education Monash University

11 May 2010

[email protected]

1

focus
Focus
  • Proportion of population participating
  • Public and private funding
  • Key issues --- illustrated by Australian reforms

Some key references or sources

OECD 2009, Education Today, Chapter 4 Higher Education

Review of Australian Higher Education, 2008 (called the Bradley Report)

UNESCO Institute for Statistics Data Centre

australia key issues
Australia: key issues
  • Australia domestic enrolments growing relatively slowly to 2008
  • Concern re course quality and student experience
  • Real funds per student and staff-student ratios declining
  • International education, funds and effects
  • Private funding/fees high compared with OECD countries*
  • Importance of more graduates
    • for skilled workforce and
    • to support a civil and just society
  • Research funds deemed insufficient
  • Participation of less advantaged too low
  • Possible shortage of academics
1 expanding the system
1. Expanding the system
  • Review of Australian Higher Education 2008 called the Bradley Report, after the Chair, Denise Bradley www.deewr.gov.au/highereducation/review/pages/reviewofaustralianhighereducationreport.aspx
    • entitlement funding from the Commonwealth government to enhance workforce skills and create opportunities
      • Government to support entry/choice by all eligible domestic students
      • May seek to influence distribution across fields of study
    • targets for participation and completion
      • 40% of 25-34 year olds to have degree by 2020 or 2025 – from 30%
    • additional funds including huge infrastructure funding
2 assistance for disadvantaged groups
2. Assistance for disadvantaged groups
  • Target - lift from 16% to 20% of lowest quarter of SES
  • Extra funds for enrolling low social background students
  • Better links to TAFE and schools
  • Reforms to student assistance to low income students
    • Youth Allowance, Austudy and Abstudy
  • Income contingent loans
    • HECS-HELP, FEE-HELP repayable when income exceeds $45,000 2010-11
3 quality and quality assurance
3. Quality and quality assurance
  • New national regulator Tertiary Education Quality and Standards Agency (TEQSA) for registration and audit of providers of tertiary education
  • Some public funding to be ‘Performance Based’
  • More information published (e.g. course experience) to improve choice and reveal poor performance
  • Stop decline in funding per student
  • Improve supply of staff: more research degree completions, less casualisation, improved conditions
  • Improve Australian Qualifications Framework (AQF)
changes affecting international students
Changes affecting international students
  • Reform of the ESOS Act included in national regulation reform
  • Tightening of rules for registration, increased public information on performance of providers of training, possible moderation of assessment
  • Changes in immigration rules, Skilled Occupations List (SOL), points for Australian qualifications
  • Proposals for research scholarships, more English support, workforce orientation

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