Natural vegetation. What is Natural vegetation?. Natural Vegetation refers to plants that grow and develop by themselves without human help . Why do we have to learn about Natural vegetation?. The study of natural vegetation is important to geographers for two reasons.
Natural Vegetation refers to plants that grow and develop by themselves without human help .
The study of natural vegetation is important to geographers for two reasons.
Natural Vegetation can be classified into:
There are three types of tropical forests:
1. Tropical rain forests
2. Mangrove forests
3. Tropical monsoon forests
Tropical rain forests
Where are they found…
The tropical rainforest spreads like a green belt around the earth.
The most extensive areas with this type of forests are:
Climate on the natural vegetation
There is great variety of plant species in tropical rainforests. One hectare of land in a tropical rain forest may contain as many as 400 species of trees.
The trees in tropical rainforests are largely broadleaved evergreens. Many of the trees are hardwoods.
Lianas and epiphytes (air plants) such as Bird’s nest Fern are also common in tropical rainforests.
Tropical rain forests trees have waxy, hairy or leathery leaves that allow rain water to run off easily. The shape of the leaves are usually broad with narrow, downward pointing tips.
Some trees have buttress roots that can grow up to more than 5m high. The roots are rather shallow as they do not need to grow deep down into the soil to extract nutrition's.
The fruit and flowers of tropical rainforests tend to be colorful and sweet smelling in order to attract agents of pollination.
Tropical Rain Forest