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Illegal Drugs. What they are and their effects on the human Body. Dangers of Illegal Drugs. Addiction Factors in suicides, MV Accidents, and Crimes Hepatitis B and HIV Overdose Lack of Responsible Decisions. Why People Begin Using Drugs. Desire To Experiment Boredom

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Illegal drugs

Illegal Drugs

What they are and their effects on the human Body


Dangers of illegal drugs
Dangers of Illegal Drugs

  • Addiction

  • Factors in suicides, MV Accidents, and Crimes

  • Hepatitis B and HIV

  • Overdose

  • Lack of Responsible Decisions


Why people begin using drugs
Why People Begin Using Drugs

  • Desire To Experiment

  • Boredom

  • Solve Personal Problems

  • Peer Pressure

  • Media


Types of illegal drugs
Types of Illegal Drugs

  • Marijuana

  • Smoked or Eaten

  • Increased appetite, relaxation, loss of short-term memory

  • Respiratory Infection, impaired learning and memory, panic attack


Marijuana
Marijuana

  • Marijuana is a green, brown, or gray from the cannabis plant.

  • Marijuana contains more than 400 chemicals, including the main active chemical THC (delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol).

  • The amount of THC in marijuana determines its strength or potency.

  • The THC content of marijuana has been increasing since the 1980s.


How long does marijuana stay in the body
How Long Does Marijuana Stay in the Body?

  • The THC in marijuana is rapidly absorbed by fatty tissues in various organs throughout the body.

  • In general, standard urine tests can detect traces (metabolites) of THC several days after use. In heavy users, however, THC metabolites can sometimes be detected for weeks after use stops.


Does marijuana use lead to other drugs
Does marijuana use lead to other drugs?

  • Long-term studies show very few high school students use other illegal drugs without first trying marijuana.

  • However, many young people who use marijuana do not go on to use other drugs.

  • Theories: Exposure to the brain, Contact with drug dealers,


What happens if you smoke marijuana
What Happens if you Smoke Marijuana?

  • Feel nothing at all when they smoke marijuana.

  • May feel relaxed or high.

  • Some experience sudden feelings of anxiety and paranoid thoughts (more likely with stronger varieties of marijuana).


What happens if you smoke marijuana1
What Happens If You Smoke Marijuana?

  • Regular use of marijuana has also been associated with depression, anxiety, and an amotivational syndrome, which means a loss of drive or ambition, even for previously rewarding activities.

  • Marijuana also often makes users feel hungry. THE MUNCHIES


Short term effects
Short Term Effects

  • Problems with learning and memory;

  • Distorted perception (sights, sounds, time, touch);

  • Diminished motor coordination;

  • Increased heart rate.


Activities behaviors most likely to be affected
Activities/behaviors most likely to be affected

  • Learning: Marijuana's effects on attention and memory make it difficult not only to learn something new, but to do complex tasks that require focus and concentration or the stringing together of a lot of information sequentially.


Activities behaviors most likely to be affected1
Activities/behaviors most likely to be affected

  • Sports: Marijuana affects timing, movement, and coordination, which can throw off athletic performance.

  • Judgment: Marijuana, like most abused substances, can alter judgment and reduce inhibitions. This can lead to risky behaviors that can expose the user to sexually transmitted diseases like HIV, the virus that causes AIDS.


How does smoking marijuana affect the lungs
How does smoking marijuana affect the lungs?

  • Someone who smokes marijuana regularly may have many of the same respiratory problems that tobacco smokers do, such as daily cough, more frequent upper respiratory illnesses, and a greater risk of lung infections like pneumonia.


Some marijuana facts
Some Marijuana Facts

  • 1 in 7 teens, report past-month marijuana use.

  • 2009, among marijuana users 12 and older, 4.3 million had a marijuana abuse or addiction problem


More marijuana facts
More Marijuana Facts

  • 1 in 11, of those who use marijuana at least once will become addicted. This rate increases to 16 percent, or about 1 in 6, if you start in your teens, and goes up to 25-50 percent among daily users.

  • Marijuana accounts for the largest percentage of admissions: 61 percent of those under age 15 and 56 percent of those 15-19


Club designer drugs
Club Designer Drugs

  • Ecstasy

  • Swallowed or Snorted

  • Increased awareness of senses,increased energy

  • Hyperthermia, Rapid or Irregular Heartbeat, Heart Attack, and Death


What is ecstasy
What is Ecstasy?

  • Slang term for MDMA, short for 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine.

  • Has effects similar to those of other stimulants.

  • man-made. chemicals or substances—such as caffeine, dextromethorphan (found in some cough syrups), amphetamines, PCP, or cocaine—are sometimes added to, or substituted for, MDMA in Ecstasy tablets


What are the common effects
What Are the Common Effects?

  • MDMA lasts for 3 to 6 hours

  • Users of Ecstasy might feel very alert, or “hyper,” at first.

  • Lose a sense of time and experience other changes in perception, such as an enhanced sense of touch.

  • Anxious and agitated; Sweating or chills;and people may feel faint or dizzy


More common effects
More Common Effects.

  • Muscle tension, nausea, blurred vision, and increased heart rate and blood pressure.

  • Forceful clenching of the teeth can occur, and individuals at clubs have been known to chew on pacifiers to relieve some of the tension.


More common effects1
More Common Effects

  • Even if a person takes only one pill, the side effects of MDMA—including feelings of sadness, anxiety, depression, and memory difficulties—can last for several days to a week (or longer in people who use MDMA regularly).


Dangers
Dangers

  • Dehydrated

  • Dangerous overheating, called hyperthermia. This, in turn, can lead to serious heart and kidney problems—or, rarely, death.

  • Risk of seizures


Long term effects
Long Term Effects

  • Memory Loss

  • Long Term Brain Damage


Facts
Facts

  • In 2009, an estimated 760,000 people in the United States aged 12 or older used MDMA in the month prior to being surveyed. Lifetime use increased significantly among individuals aged 12 years or older, from 4.3 percent (10.2 million) in 2002 to 5.7 percent (14.2 million) in 2009;


Facts1
Facts

  • However, past-year use of ecstasy decreased from 1.3 percent to 1.1 percent during the same period. Approximately 1.1 million Americans used ecstasy for the first time in 2009, which is a significant increase from the 894,000 first-time users reported in 2008.


Types of illegal drugs1
Types of Illegal Drugs

  • Inhalants

  • Inhaled

  • Dizziness, nausea and vomiting, headache

  • Heart attack, brain damage, coma, death


Club designer drugs1
Club Designer Drugs

  • GHB

  • Swallowed or Snorted

  • Nausea and Euphoria

  • Slowed Breathing, Seizures, and Coma


Club designer drugs2
Club Designer Drugs

  • Ketamine and PCP

  • Injected,Snorted, or Smoked

  • Confusion, Numbness, Distortion of Reality

  • Loss Of Muscle Control and Loss of Breathing


Stimulants
Stimulants

  • Cocaine

  • Snorted

  • Increased alertness and energy, restlessness, and anxiety

  • Aggressive Behavior, Panic


Stimulants1
Stimulants

  • Methamphetamine

  • Smoked, Injected, or Inhaled

  • Euphoria, Hyperactivity

  • Permanent brain,kidney, or liver damage.


Depressants
Depressants

  • Rohypnol

  • Smoked, Swalled, Injected

  • Loss of inhibitions, drowsiness, euphoria.

  • Loss of Consciousness, loss of memory, coma, death


Opiates
Opiates

  • Heroin

  • Swallowed, Snorted, Smoked or Injected.

  • Dreamlike State, Drowsiness.

  • Spread Disease, Skin Infections


Other opiates
Other Opiates

  • Opium

  • Morphine and Codeine


Hallucinogens
Hallucinogens

  • LSD

  • Swallowed

  • Illusions, Enhanced Emotions, Outside body experience

  • Panic, Chronic Mental Disorders


Hallucinogens1
Hallucinogens

  • Mushrooms

  • Swallowed

  • Altered perceptions, anxiety, and Panic

  • Flashbacks, Stomach Pains, Vomiting, and Diarrhea.


Risk of drug use
Risk of Drug Use

  • Car Accidents

  • Accidental Injury or Death

  • Violence or Criminal Activity

  • Unplanned Pregnancey

  • STD’s


Affects society
Affects Society

  • Very Costly to Fight between fighting it on the streets and providing health care to patients without insurance.

  • Spread of Diseases

  • Drug related work accidents


Quick fact
Quick Fact

  • 1983 1 in 11 was jailed for drug related crime.

  • NOW 1 in 4


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