Literary genres
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Literary Genres. Standards & Benchmarks. CNMI 7 th grade Language Arts STANDARD 1: Reading STANDARD 4: Literature. OBJECTIVES. SWBAT identify the characteristics of 13 literary genres SWBAT participate in class discussion about each literary genre

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Literary Genres

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Literary Genres


  • CNMI 7th grade Language Arts

  • STANDARD 1: Reading

  • STANDARD 4: Literature


  • SWBAT identify the characteristics of 13 literary genres

  • SWBAT participate in class discussion about each literary genre

  • SWBAT ask questions about each literary genre to gain a better understanding of it

  • SWBAT complete a summary sheet based on the examples of the Literary Genres taught (analyzing each story’s elements and overall plot as well as its theme or moral lesson, if any.

  • SWBAT, create a personal genre reference guide

Essential Question

How do I identify a genre by its characteristics?

What is a literary genre?

A genre is a particular style or type of writing or story

Major Genres


Writing or a story that tells about real people and events

Martin Luther King, Jr.

  • Fiction

    • Writing or a story that tells about imaginary people and events

Edward Cullen


  • Non-fiction (Not Fake)

  • Bio- life, Graphy- write

  • story of a real person’s life written by another person

    • Ex. Jack writes about Jill’s life

  • can cover the person’s aka subject’s :

    • whole life

    • part of the life

    • a single incident in life

  • the author collects the facts about the subject’s life through:

    • Interviews with the subject or subject’s family

    • Reading diaries or journals

  • written from the third person point of view (he or she)

Helen Keller

Annie Sullivan


  • Non-fiction (Not Fake)

  • Auto- self, Bio- life Graphy- write

  • a story of a real person’s life written by his or her self

    Ex. Jill writes about her childhood

  • usually covers the subject’s entire life span (birth to death)

  • a memoir is a subclass

    • journals, diaries, or logs kept

    • Memoirists were politicians and military persons to account public events with focus on other people

  • written from the first person point of view (I or me)

Anne Frank



Realistic Fiction

  • Fiction (made up story)

  • Realistic setting

  • Characters are believable

  • Describes real-life problems and events

  • Stories can be:

    • Adventures

    • Dramas

    • Comedies

    • Mysteries

Home Alone

Historical Fiction

  • Fiction (made up)

  • Settings are of times and places well known in history

  • Some of the characters are well known people who had lived long ago

  • Includes fictitious (made up) characters and circumstances relating to important people and events in history

Science Fiction

  • Fiction (made up)

  • Settings are of times and places usually in the future or outer space

  • Characters may include aliens, people with supernatural powers, futuristic beings (ex. Robots)

  • Story includes science and known facts, but takes them to another level where things aren’t possible yet, (ex. medicine that doesn’t exist


  • Fiction (made up)

  • Settings are timeless places that do not exist

  • Characters are usually beings that are not real

  • Story includes impossible situations that can’t take place in the real world

  • Subclasses or types of Fantasies:

    • Ghost Stories or Supernatural Fiction (The Eye)

    • Time Fantasy (A Wrinkle in Time)

    • Fables or Fantasy Animal Fiction (Tortoise and the Hare)

    • High Fantasy (Harry Potter Series, Spiderwick Chronicles)

    • Science Fiction is also a type of fantasy


  • Fiction (made up)

  • Settings include castles, meadows, or enchanted forests in a faraway land

  • Characters often include royalty (“Charming Prince) and enchanted creatures like dragons, witches, fairies, etc.

  • Magic is a key characteristic

  • Usual theme is good versus evil

  • Often starts with “Once upon a time...” and ends with, “…and they lived happily ever after. The End.”








  • Fiction (made up)

  • Setting is usually a timeless place

  • Characters are usually animals that behave as humans do: talk, use clothes, and walk upright

  • Characters may also act in ways which represent a human trait: sneaky fox, gentle lamb, wise owl, etc.

  • Story usually has a life lesson or moral to teach

Little Red Riding Hood

  • The Tortoise and the

  • Hare

The 3Little Pigs

Folk Tale

  • Fiction (made up)

  • Original storyteller is unknown

  • Story is passed down from generation to generation

  • Story is usually about the people’s culture, customs, and beliefs

  • Told to teach children morals, values, or truths

  • Told in many different versions by many different people

  • Referred to as Folklore

White Lady



  • Fiction (made up)

  • Characters often encounter gods and goddesses

  • Story explains how things came to exist or answers questions about the meaning of life

  • Related to folktales, legends, and aspects of tall tales

Tonga Creation

Hilitai’s Spots



Robin Hood


  • Fiction (made up)

  • Story involves a hero or heroine who may have lived long ago

  • Story may have started with facts, but other details have been added, making it unreal

  • Story tells of character overcoming great challenges

  • Related to folktales, myths, and tall tales

King Arthur

Flame tree

Tall Tale

  • Fiction (made up)

  • American folklore, that involves a person who may have lived long ago with extraordinary abilities

  • Storytellers (pioneer age) may have started with facts, but exaggerated details (hyperbole “LARGER THAN LIFE”) have been added—making it beyond belief

  • Usually humorous and witty

  • Related to folktales, myths, and legends



Johnny Appleseed

Paul Bunyan


















  • Can be fiction or non-fiction

  • Can rhyme or not

  • Has many types of rhyme schemes, meters, styles

  • Uses literary devices: repetition, choosing words for sound, alliteration, assonance, consonance, etc.

  • Often expresses thoughts and emotions



Edgar Alan Poe

Mary Howitt





























































  • Scott Foresman Reading – grade 3

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