Literary genres
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Literary Genres. Standards & Benchmarks. CNMI 7 th grade Language Arts STANDARD 1: Reading STANDARD 4: Literature. OBJECTIVES. SWBAT identify the characteristics of 13 literary genres SWBAT participate in class discussion about each literary genre

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Literary Genres

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Literary genres

Literary Genres


Literary genres

Standards&Benchmarks

  • CNMI 7th grade Language Arts

  • STANDARD 1: Reading

  • STANDARD 4: Literature


Objectives

OBJECTIVES

  • SWBAT identify the characteristics of 13 literary genres

  • SWBAT participate in class discussion about each literary genre

  • SWBAT ask questions about each literary genre to gain a better understanding of it

  • SWBAT complete a summary sheet based on the examples of the Literary Genres taught (analyzing each story’s elements and overall plot as well as its theme or moral lesson, if any.

  • SWBAT, create a personal genre reference guide


Literary genres

Essential Question

How do I identify a genre by its characteristics?


What is a literary genre

What is a literary genre?

A genre is a particular style or type of writing or story


Major genres

Major Genres

Non-Fiction

Writing or a story that tells about real people and events

Martin Luther King, Jr.

  • Fiction

    • Writing or a story that tells about imaginary people and events

Edward Cullen


Biography

Biography

  • Non-fiction (Not Fake)

  • Bio- life, Graphy- write

  • story of a real person’s life written by another person

    • Ex. Jack writes about Jill’s life

  • can cover the person’s aka subject’s :

    • whole life

    • part of the life

    • a single incident in life

  • the author collects the facts about the subject’s life through:

    • Interviews with the subject or subject’s family

    • Reading diaries or journals

  • written from the third person point of view (he or she)

Helen Keller

Annie Sullivan


Autobiography

Autobiography

  • Non-fiction (Not Fake)

  • Auto- self, Bio- life Graphy- write

  • a story of a real person’s life written by his or her self

    Ex. Jill writes about her childhood

  • usually covers the subject’s entire life span (birth to death)

  • a memoir is a subclass

    • journals, diaries, or logs kept

    • Memoirists were politicians and military persons to account public events with focus on other people

  • written from the first person point of view (I or me)

Anne Frank

Monica

Sone


Literary genres

Realistic Fiction

  • Fiction (made up story)

  • Realistic setting

  • Characters are believable

  • Describes real-life problems and events

  • Stories can be:

    • Adventures

    • Dramas

    • Comedies

    • Mysteries

Home Alone


Historical fiction

Historical Fiction

  • Fiction (made up)

  • Settings are of times and places well known in history

  • Some of the characters are well known people who had lived long ago

  • Includes fictitious (made up) characters and circumstances relating to important people and events in history


Science fiction

Science Fiction

  • Fiction (made up)

  • Settings are of times and places usually in the future or outer space

  • Characters may include aliens, people with supernatural powers, futuristic beings (ex. Robots)

  • Story includes science and known facts, but takes them to another level where things aren’t possible yet, (ex. medicine that doesn’t exist


Fantasy

Fantasy

  • Fiction (made up)

  • Settings are timeless places that do not exist

  • Characters are usually beings that are not real

  • Story includes impossible situations that can’t take place in the real world

  • Subclasses or types of Fantasies:

    • Ghost Stories or Supernatural Fiction (The Eye)

    • Time Fantasy (A Wrinkle in Time)

    • Fables or Fantasy Animal Fiction (Tortoise and the Hare)

    • High Fantasy (Harry Potter Series, Spiderwick Chronicles)

    • Science Fiction is also a type of fantasy


Fairytale

Fairytale

  • Fiction (made up)

  • Settings include castles, meadows, or enchanted forests in a faraway land

  • Characters often include royalty (“Charming Prince) and enchanted creatures like dragons, witches, fairies, etc.

  • Magic is a key characteristic

  • Usual theme is good versus evil

  • Often starts with “Once upon a time...” and ends with, “…and they lived happily ever after. The End.”

Castles

Princesses

Witches

Gnomes

Fairies

Mermaid


Literary genres

Fable

  • Fiction (made up)

  • Setting is usually a timeless place

  • Characters are usually animals that behave as humans do: talk, use clothes, and walk upright

  • Characters may also act in ways which represent a human trait: sneaky fox, gentle lamb, wise owl, etc.

  • Story usually has a life lesson or moral to teach

Little Red Riding Hood

  • The Tortoise and the

  • Hare

The 3Little Pigs


Folk tale

Folk Tale

  • Fiction (made up)

  • Original storyteller is unknown

  • Story is passed down from generation to generation

  • Story is usually about the people’s culture, customs, and beliefs

  • Told to teach children morals, values, or truths

  • Told in many different versions by many different people

  • Referred to as Folklore

White Lady


Literary genres

Myth

Medusa

  • Fiction (made up)

  • Characters often encounter gods and goddesses

  • Story explains how things came to exist or answers questions about the meaning of life

  • Related to folktales, legends, and aspects of tall tales

Tonga Creation

Hilitai’s Spots

Pele


Legend

Legend

Robin Hood

Taga

  • Fiction (made up)

  • Story involves a hero or heroine who may have lived long ago

  • Story may have started with facts, but other details have been added, making it unreal

  • Story tells of character overcoming great challenges

  • Related to folktales, myths, and tall tales

King Arthur

Flame tree


Tall tale

Tall Tale

  • Fiction (made up)

  • American folklore, that involves a person who may have lived long ago with extraordinary abilities

  • Storytellers (pioneer age) may have started with facts, but exaggerated details (hyperbole “LARGER THAN LIFE”) have been added—making it beyond belief

  • Usually humorous and witty

  • Related to folktales, myths, and legends

Molly

Pitcher

Johnny Appleseed

Paul Bunyan


Poetry

Ballad

Haiku

Tanka

Onomatopoeia

Acrostic

Couplet

Limerick

Cinquain

Diamanté

Quatrain

Sonnet

Epic

Elegy

Ode

Lyric

Poetry

Shakespeare

  • Can be fiction or non-fiction

  • Can rhyme or not

  • Has many types of rhyme schemes, meters, styles

  • Uses literary devices: repetition, choosing words for sound, alliteration, assonance, consonance, etc.

  • Often expresses thoughts and emotions

Emily

Dickenson

Edgar Alan Poe

Mary Howitt

Masaoka

Shiki


References

References

  • www.images.google.com

  • http://www.fantasticfiction.co.uk/images/n5/n26750.jpg

  • http://www.personal.psu.edu/ser5092/blogs/lled_402_blog/pecos%20bill.jpg

  • http://www.voanews.com/specialenglish/images/johnny-appleseed-w-19may07_.jpg

  • http://www.earlyamerica.com/earlyamerica/notable/pitcherm/

  • http://42explore.com/talltale.htm

  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tall_tale

  • http://www.iwatchstuff.com/2007/11/06/beowulf-final-poster.jpg

  • http://lighthousepatriotjournal.files.wordpress.com/2009/03/king_arthur_4.jpg

  • http://image.guardian.co.uk/sys-images/Arts/Arts_/Pictures/2007/06/07/robin460.jpg

  • http://bestoflegends.org/

  • http://www.pennsylvania-mountains-of-attractions.com/images/wopsywhitelady.jpg

  • http://www.greatnorthroad.org/bboard/images/0509/flame_tree1.jpg

  • http://media.photobucket.com/image/Chamorro%20warrior/lerome03/1.jpg

  • http://www.mythweb.com/encyc/images/medusa.html

  • http://www.worldfolktales.com/Resources/ordern5.jpeg

  • http://tasithoughts.files.wordpress.com/2008/10/dancers.jpg

  • http://www.movietrimmer.com/content/default/english/images/movies/115201_3.jpg

  • www.cspaworkshop.org/.../edward%20cullen.jpg

  • http://www.disneyshorts.org/years/1935/graphics/tortoiseandthehare/tortoiseandthehare5.html

  • http://www.zahradka-art.com/images/artwork/Little%20Red%20Riding%20Hood.jpg

  • http://www.greenwichworkshop.com/media/images/ThreeLittlePigs.jpg

  • http://media.photobucket.com/image/fairy%20dust/Enchanted_Ways/Leanin%20Tree/CRDFairyDust.jpg

  • http://www.teachnet-lab.org/fklane/pmaslow/macbeth/Colin.Witches.jpg

  • http://www.indianchieftravel.com/files/u1/GermanCastle.png

  • http://tinypic.com/view.php?pic=2q19pqu&s=5

  • http://images.contentreserve.com/ImageType-100/0591-1/%7B484C7B36-EBF0-4C8D-A64B-930C52F45F6D%7DImg100.jpg

  • http://z.about.com/d/goscandinavia/1/0/p/0/-/-/mermaid.jpg

  • http://buildingthelifeyouwant.files.wordpress.com/2008/09/the_tortoise_and_the_hare.jpg

  • http://buildingthelifeyouwant.files.wordpress.com/2008/09/the_tortoise_and_the_hare.jpg

  • http://www.hotspots.hawaii.com/wrinkleintime/2000.gif

  • http://www.filmfodder.com/reviews/archives/the_eye.jpg

  • http://www.canmag.com/images/front/transformers/transformers47.jpg

  • http://www.ssmpl.ca/uploads/Children/harry-potter.jpg

  • http://www.bing.com/images/search?q=I+am+Legend&form=QBIR&qs=n#focal=b304bc7cdba8a8d679de9f54a5bf07c1&furl=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.impawards.com%2F2007%2Fposters%2Fi_am_legend_ver4.jpg

  • http://www.winds.org/~arren/backgrounds/new/star-trek-enterprise-d-rings.jpg

  • http://2.bp.blogspot.com/_R4kHvzHdMTk/R3JThj7PSUI/AAAAAAAAEyw/hg9a_0EPzps/s200/War+of+the+Worlds+(2005)+DVDRip.jpg

  • http://www.turbogadgets.com/2007/02/03/iward-next-generation-caregivers/

  • http://i41.photobucket.com/albums/e252/Skygirl666/journeytothecenteroftheearth.jpg

  • http://www.canmag.com/images/front/movies2006/transformers1.jpg

  • http://images.bestwebbuys.com/muze/books/27/9780316807227.jpg

  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Masaoka_Shiki

  • http://nottinghamchurches.org/images/maryhowitt.jpg

  • http://bc.edu/schools/cas/english/meta-elements/jpg/Poe.jpg

  • http://www.massbook.org/dickinson.jpg

  • http://www.sonoma.edu/users/b/babula/shakescombo.gif

  • http://www.christiancinema.com/catalog/images/littlewomen_dvd_md.jpg

  • http://images.movie-gazette.com/revimg/forrest-gump.jpg

  • http://images.movie-gazette.com/revimg/forrest-gump.jpg

  • http://www.the-reel-mccoy.com/movies/2001/images/PearlHarborPoster.jpg

  • http://www.kimball.k12.sd.us/FIRE/home%20alone.jpg

  • http://profile.ak.facebook.com/object3/1779/61/n63192040661_1917.jpg

  • http://i23.photobucket.com/albums/b382/Tresaqwe2/iCarly.jpg

  • http://media.ask.com/Movies/amgmov/dvd/cov150/drt100/t199/t19978ev3b4.jpg

  • http://bigdaddyseashell.files.wordpress.com/2008/04/martin-luther-king-jr.jpg

  • www.microsoftoffice.com

  • http://www.trickfilmwelt.de/Spongebob.gif

  • Scott Foresman Reading – grade 3


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