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ESU #1 Matthew Burns, Ph.D. RTI = MTSS. The systematic use of assessment data to most efficiently allocate resources in order to enhance learning for all students. Burns & VanDerHeyden, 2006. MTSS and Problem-Solving. TIER III. Measurement Precision. TIER I I.

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ESU #1 Matthew Burns, Ph.D.

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ESU #1Matthew Burns, Ph.D.


RTI = MTSS

The systematic use of assessment data to most efficiently allocate resources in order to enhance learning for all students.

Burns & VanDerHeyden, 2006


MTSS and Problem-Solving

TIER III

Measurement Precision

TIER I I

Measurement Frequency

Problem-Analysis

TIER I


Problem Solving

  • Tier I – Identify discrepancy between expectation and performance for class or individual (Is it a classwide problem?)

  • Tier II – Identify discrepancy for individual. Identify category of problem. (What is the category of the problem?)

  • Tier III – Identify discrepancy for individual. Identify causal variable. (What is the causal variable?)


Sensitivity = a / (a + c) = .86 for ORF and .31 for F&P,

Specificity = d / (b + d) = .78 for ORF and .66 for F&P,

Overall Correct Classification = (a + d) / N = .80 for ORF and .54 for F&P


Four Purposes of Assessment

Program evaluation: How is the education system working for students overall?

  • State test

    Screening: Which of my students are not meeting grade level expectations given Universal Instruction?

  • E.g., MAP

    Diagnostic: What are the specific needs of students who struggle with math?

    E.g., measures of specific skills

    Monitoring Progress: What does the student’s growth look like?

    E.g., CBM


Path to Reading Excellence in School Sites

w

www.cehd.umn.edu/reading/PRESS/default.html


Grade Level Team Meeting

  • Is there a classwide problem?

  • Who needs Tier 2?

  • Did we miss anyone?

  • What should we do for Tier 2?

  • Should we go to Tier 3?


Minnesota Center for Reading Research


First Question – Classwide or Individual Problem


Minnesota Center for Reading Research


ClasswideInterventionhttp://kc.vanderbilt.edu/pals


Partner Reading

Partnerships

Minnesota Center for Reading Research


Procedure

Minnesota Center for Reading Research


Timeline

Collect Data: Pre-test (fluency and comprehension)

  • Day 1: Train Students on Set Up Procedures and Partner Reading, Practice Reading for 10 minutes, Error Correction

  • Day 2: Train Students on Paragraph Shrinking, Practice Reading for 10 minutes

  • Day 3-10: Partner Reading, Paragraph Shrinking 15 minutes every day

    Collect Data: Post-test(fluency and comprehension)

Minnesota Center for Reading Research


Partner Reading

RULES

  • First Reader reads for 5 minutes.

  • Second Reader reads the same text for 5 minutes.

  • Second Reader retells for 1 minute.

Talk only to your partner and only talk about Partner Reading

Keep your voice low

Help your partner

Try your best!

Minnesota Center for Reading Research


Paragraph Shrinking

  • Name the most important who or what.

  • Tell the most important thing about the who or what.

  • Say the main idea in 10 words or less.

Minnesota Center for Reading Research


STOP. That word is______________

What word?

______________________

Correction Procedures

Good Job!

Go back and read that line again.

Minnesota Center for Reading Research


What we found: 3rd grade Partner Reading data

Minnesota Center for Reading Research


What we found: 3rd grade Partner Reading data

Minnesota Center for Reading Research


Growth from Winter to SpringClass-Wide Interventions10 Classrooms K-3


Growth from Winter To SpringNO Class-Wide Interventions11 Classrooms K-3


Class-wide Interventions Implemented in 10 of the 21 Classes Below Winter Benchmark:9 of the 10 Above Spring Benchmark


NO Class-wide Intervention Implemented in 11 Classes Below Winter Benchmark2 of the 11 Above Spring Benchmark


Step 2 – Who Needs Tier IIAlso – Did we miss anyone?


Reading Interventions for Tier II

  • PALS

  • HOSTS

  • Read Naturally

  • Rewards

  • Reading Rockets

  • Etc., etc., etc.

PROFICIENT READING


National Reading Panel

  • Is phonemic awareness instruction effective in helping children learn to read?

  • Reviewed 52 studies of PA instruction.

  • Three general outcomes were explored

    • PA tasks such as phoneme manipulation,

    • spelling,

    • and reading tasks such as word reading, pseudoword reading, reading comprehension, oral text reading, reading speed, time to reach a criterion of learning, and miscues


National Reading Panel Results

  • PA instruction demonstrated better efficacy over alternative instruction models or no instruction

  • Improved PA measures (strong), reading (d = .53) and spelling skills

  • Teaching one or two PA skills was preferable to teaching three or more

  • PA instruction benefited reading comprehension (Ehri et al.).


Means and Ranges of Effect Sizes by Reading Outcome Measure


Tier II Interventions

  • PALS

  • HOSTS

  • Read Naturally

  • Rewards

  • Reading Rockets

  • Etc., etc., etc.

Phonemic Awareness

Phonics

Fluency

Vocabulary and Comprehension


Assess 4 NRP Areas

  • Phonemic Awareness

    • Phoneme segmentation fluency

  • Phonics

    • Nonsense word fluency (WJ Pseudoword)

  • Fluency

    • Oral reading fluency (TOSCRF)

  • Vocabulary/Comprehension


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Comparison of Targeted and Comprehensive

  • 306 second-grade and 303 third-grade students

  • Attended one of six elementary schools in an urban school district

  • 51.4% females, 14% white students, and 80% were eligible for the FRPL

  • Leveled Literacy Intervention

  • PRESS Interventions (comprehension, fluency, decoding, phonemic awareness)


ACCURACY

> 93%

Fluency intervention

Minnesota Center for Reading Research


[email protected]


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