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Matter and EnergyTemperature, Energy, and Matter

- 7.1 The Nature of Matter
- 7.2 Temperature and the Phases of Matter
- 7.3 What is Heat?
- 7.4 Heat Transfer

element

atom

compound

molecule

mixture

Describe the nature of matter at the atomic level.

Explain how Brownian motion supports the theory that matter is made of tiny, invisible particles.

Distinguish between elements, compounds, and mixtures.

Chapter 7.1 Objectives and VocabularyKey Question:

How much energy is involved when matter changes phase?

7B Investigation: Energy and Phase Changes*Students read text section 7.2 AFTER Investigation 7B

7B Investigation Topics

- Measure mass.
- Measure temperature.
- Mix materials of different temperatures.
- Calculate energy.
- Calculate temperature changes.

Fahrenheit scale

Celsius scale

thermometer

solid

liquid

gas

intermolecular forces

evaporation

absolute zero

Kelvin

plasma

Convert between temperature scales.

explain the relationship between temperature and the movement of particles in a system.

Describe the relationship between temperature and states of matter.

Chapter 7.2 Objectives and VocabularyKey Question:

How much energy is involved when matter changes phase?

7A Investigation: Temperature and Heat*Students read text section 7.3

AFTER Investigation 7A

7A Investigation Topics

- Measure mass.
- Measure temperature.
- Mix materials of different temperatures.
- Calculate energy.
- Calculate temperature changes.

thermal energy

heat

calories

specific heat

Explain the difference between temperature and thermal energy.

Define heat.

Calculate the heat required to raise the temperature of a material.

Chapter 7.3 Objectives and Vocabularyheat conduction

thermal conductor

thermal insulator

convection

thermal radiation

Explain the three methods of heat transfer and name examples of each.

Give examples of thermal conductors and thermal insulators.

Describe the direction of heat transfer between two objects.

Chapter 7.4 Objectives and Vocabulary
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