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Special Test Accommodations. Virginia Association of Test Directors 2008 Assessment Conference October 2008. Presentation Topics. Accommodations Overview Local Review of Testing Accommodation Requests State Review of Testing Accommodation Requests Important Considerations Questions.

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special test accommodations

Special Test Accommodations

Virginia Association of Test Directors 2008 Assessment Conference

October 2008

presentation topics
Presentation Topics
  • Accommodations Overview
  • Local Review of Testing Accommodation Requests
  • State Review of Testing Accommodation Requests
  • Important Considerations
  • Questions
accommodations overview
Accommodations Overview

Instructional Accommodations

  • A service or support provided to help students fully access the content and instruction as well as demonstrate what they know
  • Instructional accommodations do not change the content of instruction or expectations for performance (Nolet & McLaughlin, 2000)
accommodation overview
Accommodation Overview

Testing Accommodations

  • Changes in assessment materials or procedures that address aspects of students’ disabilities that may interfere with the demonstration of their knowledge and skills on standardized tests. Accommodations attempt to eliminate barriers to meaningful testing, thereby allowing for the participation of students with disabilities in state and district assessments. (Thurlow and Bolt, 2001)
  • Testing accommodations do not change the content, comparability of test scores or the reliability and validity of the assessment.
accommodations are based on
Accommodations are based on...
  • An interaction hypothesis – an interaction should occur between the disability and the accommodation such that only students who need the accommodation benefit from it (Sireci, Li, Scarpati, 2005)
accommodation overview1
Accommodation Overview

Testing Accommodations relate to:

  • Timing/Scheduling
  • Setting
  • Presentation
  • Response
timing scheduling accommodations
Typically used for students who are unable to concentrate, maintain attention, or work over a long period of time.

Examples

Breaks during the tests

Multiple test sessions

Order of test administration

Timing/Scheduling Accommodations
setting accommodations
Typically used for students who require minimal distractions in order to demonstrate their knowledge or who must be testing in a non-school setting.

Examples

Individual testing

Noise buffers

Small group testing

Students served at home or in hospital settings.

Setting Accommodations
presentation accommodations
Typically used by students who require an alternate format of the test due to a sensory, physical or processing disability.

Examples

Braille tests

Large Print tests

Interpreting of test items using sign language

Read-aloud/Audio

Presentation Accommodations
response accommodations
Typically used by students with disabilities who need support in order to record test items or to solve an item using some kind of material or device.

Examples

Dictation to a scribe

Verbal responses or pointing to indicate answers

Assistive Technology

Calculators

Response Accommodations
top 3 test accommodations by low performing students with disabilities
READING

Assistance with directions (simplify or clarify

Flexible scheduling

(time of day, breaks)

Mark answers in test booklet

MATHEMATICS

Assistance with directions (simplify or clarify)

Read-aloud

Flexible scheduling (time of day, breaks)

Top 3 -Test Accommodations by low performing students with disabilities
general requirements
General Requirements
  • Accommodations must be documented in the IEP or 504 plan.
  • Accommodations must be used during classroom instruction and assessments.
  • Accommodations based solely on the potential to enhance performance beyond providing equal access are not appropriate.
local review of testing accommodation requests1
Local Review of Testing Accommodation Requests
  • Step 1: Receive accommodation requests from:
    • school test coordinators
    • administrators
    • teachers
    • parents
    • advocates
local review of testing accommodation requests2
Local Review of Testing Accommodation Requests
  • Step 2: Make sure you understand the accommodation being requested and the student’s disability
      • Request pictures of accommodations
      • Ask for web-sites
      • Request information about the disability and how it impacts performance
local review of testing accommodation requests3
Local Review of Testing Accommodation Requests
  • Step 3: Ask questions regarding documentation of accommodations in IEP/504 Plan and use in instruction and on classroom assessments.
local review of testing accommodation requests4
Local Review of Testing Accommodation Requests
  • Step 4: Consider whether the accommodation has special eligibility requirements and

whether requirements have been met.

    • Read-Aloud/Audio Accommodation on Reading

(Supt. Memo #235)

    • Calculator Accommodation Criteria

(Testing Memo #720)

local review of testing accommodation requests5
Local Review of Testing Accommodation Requests
  • Step 5: Review resources to determine if the accommodation is allowed
    • Examiners manuals
    • Procedures for the Participation of Students with Disabilities in Virginia Accountability System
    • Testing Memos
    • Superintendent’s Memos
    • DDOT Page
local review of testing accommodation requests6
Local Review of Testing Accommodation Requests
  • Step 6: Communicate Approval or Denial and any special administration conditions

(See: Procedures for the Participation of Students with Disabilities in Virginia’s Accountability System)

state review of testing accommodation requests1
Step 1: Receive test accommodation requests from:

DDOTs

Assessment Specialists

Step 2: Gather information about the accommodation and student’s disability

State Review of Testing Accommodation Requests
state review of testing accommodation requests2
Step 3: Review the accommodation request in light of:

Potential to enhance performance beyond access

Test Security

Historical practice

Step 4: Make initial determination followed by 2nd level review

Fax written response to DDOT

Post frequently requested accommodations on DDOT page

State Review of Testing Accommodation Requests
important considerations
Important Considerations
  • All instructional accommodations are not allowable testing accommodations.
  • All accommodations documented on the IEP/504 Plan are not allowable testing accommodations.
  • Students given non-standard accommodations are considered non-participants for AYP.
important considerations1
Important Considerations
  • Accommodation Pitfalls
    • Providing more accommodations than the student can handle.
    • Selecting every accommodation hoping that something will work.
    • Providing accommodations based on a student’s disability classification or placement.
questions

Questions

Virginia Department of Education

Office of Test Administration, Scoring and Reporting

(804) 225-2107

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