Special test accommodations
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Special Test Accommodations. Virginia Association of Test Directors 2008 Assessment Conference October 2008. Presentation Topics. Accommodations Overview Local Review of Testing Accommodation Requests State Review of Testing Accommodation Requests Important Considerations Questions.

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Special Test Accommodations

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Special test accommodations

Special Test Accommodations

Virginia Association of Test Directors 2008 Assessment Conference

October 2008


Presentation topics

Presentation Topics

  • Accommodations Overview

  • Local Review of Testing Accommodation Requests

  • State Review of Testing Accommodation Requests

  • Important Considerations

  • Questions


Accommodations overview

Accommodations Overview

Instructional Accommodations

  • A service or support provided to help students fully access the content and instruction as well as demonstrate what they know

  • Instructional accommodations do not change the content of instruction or expectations for performance (Nolet & McLaughlin, 2000)


Accommodation overview

Accommodation Overview

Testing Accommodations

  • Changes in assessment materials or procedures that address aspects of students’ disabilities that may interfere with the demonstration of their knowledge and skills on standardized tests. Accommodations attempt to eliminate barriers to meaningful testing, thereby allowing for the participation of students with disabilities in state and district assessments. (Thurlow and Bolt, 2001)

  • Testing accommodations do not change the content, comparability of test scores or the reliability and validity of the assessment.


Accommodations are based on

Accommodations are based on...

  • An interaction hypothesis – an interaction should occur between the disability and the accommodation such that only students who need the accommodation benefit from it (Sireci, Li, Scarpati, 2005)


Accommodation overview1

Accommodation Overview

Testing Accommodations relate to:

  • Timing/Scheduling

  • Setting

  • Presentation

  • Response


Timing scheduling accommodations

Typically used for students who are unable to concentrate, maintain attention, or work over a long period of time.

Examples

Breaks during the tests

Multiple test sessions

Order of test administration

Timing/Scheduling Accommodations


Setting accommodations

Typically used for students who require minimal distractions in order to demonstrate their knowledge or who must be testing in a non-school setting.

Examples

Individual testing

Noise buffers

Small group testing

Students served at home or in hospital settings.

Setting Accommodations


Presentation accommodations

Typically used by students who require an alternate format of the test due to a sensory, physical or processing disability.

Examples

Braille tests

Large Print tests

Interpreting of test items using sign language

Read-aloud/Audio

Presentation Accommodations


Response accommodations

Typically used by students with disabilities who need support in order to record test items or to solve an item using some kind of material or device.

Examples

Dictation to a scribe

Verbal responses or pointing to indicate answers

Assistive Technology

Calculators

Response Accommodations


Top 3 test accommodations by low performing students with disabilities

READING

Assistance with directions (simplify or clarify

Flexible scheduling

(time of day, breaks)

Mark answers in test booklet

MATHEMATICS

Assistance with directions (simplify or clarify)

Read-aloud

Flexible scheduling (time of day, breaks)

Top 3 -Test Accommodations by low performing students with disabilities


Local review of testing accommodation requests

Local Review of Testing Accommodation Requests


General requirements

General Requirements

  • Accommodations must be documented in the IEP or 504 plan.

  • Accommodations must be used during classroom instruction and assessments.

  • Accommodations based solely on the potential to enhance performance beyond providing equal access are not appropriate.


Local review of testing accommodation requests1

Local Review of Testing Accommodation Requests

  • Step 1: Receive accommodation requests from:

    • school test coordinators

    • administrators

    • teachers

    • parents

    • advocates


Local review of testing accommodation requests2

Local Review of Testing Accommodation Requests

  • Step 2: Make sure you understand the accommodation being requested and the student’s disability

    • Request pictures of accommodations

    • Ask for web-sites

    • Request information about the disability and how it impacts performance


Local review of testing accommodation requests3

Local Review of Testing Accommodation Requests

  • Step 3: Ask questions regarding documentation of accommodations in IEP/504 Plan and use in instruction and on classroom assessments.


Local review of testing accommodation requests4

Local Review of Testing Accommodation Requests

  • Step 4: Consider whether the accommodation has special eligibility requirements and

    whether requirements have been met.

    • Read-Aloud/Audio Accommodation on Reading

      (Supt. Memo #235)

    • Calculator Accommodation Criteria

      (Testing Memo #720)


Local review of testing accommodation requests5

Local Review of Testing Accommodation Requests

  • Step 5: Review resources to determine if the accommodation is allowed

    • Examiners manuals

    • Procedures for the Participation of Students with Disabilities in Virginia Accountability System

    • Testing Memos

    • Superintendent’s Memos

    • DDOT Page


Local review of testing accommodation requests6

Local Review of Testing Accommodation Requests

  • Step 6: Communicate Approval or Denial and any special administration conditions

    (See: Procedures for the Participation of Students with Disabilities in Virginia’s Accountability System)


State review of testing accommodation requests

State Review of Testing Accommodation Requests


State review of testing accommodation requests1

Step 1: Receive test accommodation requests from:

DDOTs

Assessment Specialists

Step 2: Gather information about the accommodation and student’s disability

State Review of Testing Accommodation Requests


State review of testing accommodation requests2

Step 3: Review the accommodation request in light of:

Potential to enhance performance beyond access

Test Security

Historical practice

Step 4: Make initial determination followed by 2nd level review

Fax written response to DDOT

Post frequently requested accommodations on DDOT page

State Review of Testing Accommodation Requests


Important considerations

Important Considerations

  • All instructional accommodations are not allowable testing accommodations.

  • All accommodations documented on the IEP/504 Plan are not allowable testing accommodations.

  • Students given non-standard accommodations are considered non-participants for AYP.


Ddot page examples of allowed manipulatives and math aids

Multiplication Chart

Cuisenaire Rods

DDOT Page: Examples of Allowed Manipulatives and Math Aids


Ddot page examples of not allowed manipulatives and math aids

Place Value Chart

Clocks

DDOT Page: Examples of Not Allowed Manipulatives and Math Aids


Important considerations1

Important Considerations

  • Accommodation Pitfalls

    • Providing more accommodations than the student can handle.

    • Selecting every accommodation hoping that something will work.

    • Providing accommodations based on a student’s disability classification or placement.


Important considerations2

Important Considerations


Questions

Questions

Virginia Department of Education

Office of Test Administration, Scoring and Reporting

(804) 225-2107


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