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The Surveyor and the Next Edition of the Manual of Surveying Instructions. Presented by: John Lee, Chief Cadastral Surveyor BLM Wyoming State Office, Cheyenne, WY Bob Dahl, Cadastral Surveyor BLM Lands and Realty Group, Washington, D.C. Wyoming Engineering Society 85th Annual Convention

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The Surveyor and the Next Edition of the Manual of Surveying Instructions

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The Surveyor and theNext Edition of theManual of Surveying Instructions

Presented by:

John Lee, Chief Cadastral Surveyor

BLM Wyoming State Office, Cheyenne, WY

Bob Dahl, Cadastral Surveyor

BLM Lands and Realty Group, Washington, D.C.

Wyoming Engineering Society

85th Annual Convention

Gillette, WY – February 4, 2005


Agenda

  • What is the Manual of Surveying Instructions?

  • Why is the Manual relevant to the PLS in Wyoming?


Agenda

  • What is impetus for the next edition?

  • Scope of the project

  • – Technical project nested in a web of administration

  • What is the process?

  • How are we going about it?

  • Where are we to date?


Scope of the Project

President’s Management Agenda

Department of the Interior

Bureau of Land Management

Cadastral Survey

Next Edition Manual


Bureau of Land Management


What is the

Manual of Instructions for the Survey of the Public Lands of the United States? (Manual)

Whom/What is affected?


Why is the Manual

Relevant to the PLS in Wyoming?


WYOMING STATUTES

§ 18-3-704. Establishment of lost corners.

(a) Whenever a monument location is in dispute

(i) The county surveyor or registered land surveyor;

(ii) after determination it is a lost corner, shall proceed in accordance with the Manual and Restoration Pamphlet


WYOMING ADMINISTRATIVE RULES

§ 037-100-005Sec.1(b)(viii)PLS shall conduct a survey, involving public land corners or section retracement or breakdown, in accordance with the Manual and Restoration Pamphlet


WYOMING ADMINISTRATIVE RULES

§ 037-100-005 Sec. 6(a)PLS must follow the Manual and Restoration Pamphlet for any PLSS corner established, reestablished, monumented, remonumented, restored, rehabilitated, perpetuated or used as control in any survey


§ 037-100-008 Sec. 3(c)(iv)The system of marking PLSS monuments shall follow the Manual

WYOMING ADMINISTRATIVE RULES


SUPREME COURT OF WYOMINGPorter v. State, 16 Wyo. 131; 92 P. 385 (1907)

After quoting predecessor to W.S. § 18-3-704, stated this procedure to ascertain a boundary location was a statutory right


UNITED STATES CODETitle 43 Public Lands § 2

The Secretary of the Interior or such officer as he may designate (BLM) shall perform all executive duties appertaining to the surveying and sale of the public lands of the United States


UNITED STATES CODETitle 25 Indians § 176

Whenever it becomes necessary to survey any Indian lands, the same shall be surveyed under the direction and control of the BLM

And as nearly as may be in conformity to the rules and regulations under which other public lands are surveyed


United States Supreme Court

It is settled law that the United States may survey what it owns and thereby establish and reestablish boundaries, but what the government does in this regard is for its own information and cannot affect the rights of owners on the other side of an existing boundary. United States v. State Investment Co., 264 U.S. 206, 212 (1924), citing Lane v. Darlington, 249 U.S. 331, 333 (1919).


MANUALThe Manual of Surveying Instructions describes how cadastral surveys of the public lands are made in conformance to statutory law and its judicial interpretation. (1973 Manual § 1-1.)

It is within the province of the Director to determine what are public lands, what lands have been surveyed, what are to be surveyed, what have been disposed of, what remains to be disposed of, and what are reserved.

(1973 Manual § 1-11.)


By fundamental law, upon the issuance of a patent for land by the Federal government; it is just as if the survey plat and field notes, and the laws, regulations and rules governing how to survey the land described in the patent, are stapled to the face of the patent.

The survey rules are spelled out in the manuals, circulars and instructions issued by the GLO and later by the BLM.


Is there still a need for the Manual?


Next Edition Website

http://www.blm.gov/cadastral/Manual/nextedition.htm

Contact Information

Announcements: Upcoming Presentations

General Information


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