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Conflict & Growth in the Colonies. Conflict in New England. Pequot War. 1637. By 1637, this. became this. Pequot War. 1637. Well…it wasn’t our fault…we just wanted the land the Pequot tribe was living on and control of the fur trading industry…is that so bad?. Pequot War. 1637.

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in the




New England

Pequot War


By 1637, this

became this...

Pequot War


Well…it wasn’t our fault…we just wanted the land the Pequot tribe was living on and control of the fur trading industry…is that so bad?

Pequot War


Besides…God said we should take it…we are the right religion after all!

Pequot War


The Pequot War was really

just a series of massacres

Pequot War


Nearly all of the 6,000 Pequot were killed

by the Puritans and their Native American allies

The Puritans proudly declared the Pequot extinct,

but by 1900 their numbers had returned to a massive 66.

Today the Pequot number a few hundred.

King Philip's War


Things were pretty cool for about 40 years...

King Philip's War


But, between 1637 and 1675 the Puritans had consistently

encroached upon the land of their former allies

What can I say…it was good land…and besides, we are of course God’s chosen people!

King Philip's War


Relations between the Puritans and Metacom (whose nickname was King Philip) finally broke down when Metacom’s brother mysteriously died in the Puritan settlement where negotiations were being held…

Metacom (a.k.a. King Philip)

King Philip's War


1 in 10 colonists died!

That would be like fighting a modern war in

which 30,000,000 Americans were killed!

Pequot War (1637)

- Puritans and Pequots in conflict over land and control of the fur trade

- Land taken by Puritans in God’s name

- Pequot declared extinct at the end of the war (not accurate, but close)

- Good relations with Native Americans for 40 years

King Philip’s War (1675)

- Named after Metacom (Wampanoag chief’s nickname)

- Very destructive to both sides, but the Puritans win (1676)

- Sets precedent for violent encroachment on Native American lands


in the

Southern Colonies

Bacon's Rebellion

Myself, and my fellow farmers, need more land on which to grow tobacco!

Bacon's Rebellion

Tobacco prices are down and manufactured goods cost more and more every day

Bacon's Rebellion

The wealthy tidewater planters had a great deal of power in government in comparison to the frontier farmers.

To make matters worse, the frontiersmen far outnumbered the coastal planters….

Bacon's Rebellion

After a series of back and forth raids between

Native Americans and frontiersmen,

Governor William Berkeley stepped in

Its pronounced “Barklee”

Bacon's Rebellion

Bacon! These raids must stop! Allow us time to investigate!

Screw you Berkeley!

Bacon's Rebellion

When Nathaniel Bacon

and friends attacked a group of

friendly Native Americans

the situation worsened

Bacon's Rebellion

Now you’ve done it Bacon!

I’m sending the militia!

Bacon's Rebellion

But, in the end, the frontiersmen

did end up with more land and

some of the social tension was relieved

  • Bacon’s Rebellion (1674-1677)

  • - Poor inland planters and farmers wanted more land to increase tobacco profits

  • - Rich coastal planters with power in government would not give it to them

    • - Conflict between frontiersmen and Native Americans for that land

      • - Series of raids back and forth

      • - Governor Berkeley asked for time to investigate

      • - Nathaniel Bacon, etc. ignored that and captured friendly, not guilty,

      • Native Americans anyway; attacks continued

    • - Berkeley sent militia to crush Bacon

      • - Bacon burned Jamestown to the ground

    • - Results:

      • - More Native American land for settlers

  • - Relieved some social tension between rich and poor




Glorious Revolution


Protestsants take over parliament and

limit the power of the Catholic monarch

Weak sauce!

Parliament won’t let me suspend laws, levy taxes, or maintain a standing army during peacetime without their permission

Glorious Revolution


This leads colonists to question

and overthrow some royal appointees...

if the monarch is not absolute, why should

he appoint people from 1000s of miles away?

Glorious Revolution In Britain (1688)

- Protestants gain control of parliament in England and end monarchical absolutism

- Led to questioning of many, and overthrow of some, royal appointees


As the plantation system

expanded, indentured servitude disappeared

in favor of African slavery


Why African slavery?

  • Whites could blend in and had

  • governments to petition for grievances

  • Native Americans died and knew

  • the land well; easy to hide

  • Africans were strong, cheap, and

  • could not blend in - unprotected

1700: Transition from indentured servants to slaves in the Chesapeake

- Whites could blend in and had governments to petition

- Native Americans died and knew the land well; easy to hide

- Africans were strong, cheap, and could not blend in –


- Important step in the creation of a racist ideology

1720 - 1750 Chesapeake


The First Great Awakening!

1720 - 1750 Chesapeake

This Puritan rigidity thing is really no fun!

All these intellectual types are really boring...

Where is the fire?

Where is the brimstone?

Where is the evangelism?

George Whitefield

1720 - 1750 Chesapeake

And why the heck aren’t we teaching our slaves the ways of Christianity??

George Whitefield

First Great Awakening (1720-1750) Chesapeake

- Religious revival in the colonies

- Move toward an even more personal relationship with God

- Reaction to Puritan rigidity

- Move away from scholarly preaching and towards a more

evangelical style

- Spread Christianity into the slave population

The Seven Years' War Chesapeake

1756 - 1763

The Seven Years' War Chesapeake

1756 - 1763

Boy I hate those

French Catholic jerks with all their land in the Americas

The Seven Years' War Chesapeake

1756 - 1763

Me a jerk?

You’re the jerk with your land in the Americas and your Protestantism!

The Seven Years' War Chesapeake

1756 - 1763

Oh yah?

Why don’t you just die Frenchy!

The Seven Years' War Chesapeake

1756 - 1763

Big words from heathen infidel scum such as yourself!

The Seven Years' War Chesapeake

1756 - 1763

French and British colonists came to the support of their respective governments

The Seven Years' War Chesapeake

1756 - 1763

Perhaps the British…better we side with them! Maybe they will treat us well after the war…

I wonder who is going to win this thing…?

The Iroquois

The Seven Years' War Chesapeake

1756 - 1763

Go our team!


The Seven Years' War Chesapeake

1756 - 1763


  • Many colonists die in the fighting

  • Britain more than doubles its

  • colonial holdings

  • Economic downturn at the end of

  • the war as a result of 40,000

  • troops leaving the colonies

British Colonies

Territory Lost By France

Spanish Claims

  • - The Seven Years’ War (The French and Indian War) (1756-1763)

  • - One of four wars which took place between 1689 and 1763

    • - French (Catholic) and British (Protestants) fighting over

    • territory in the New World

  • - Both sides recruited colonists and Native Americans to fight with them

  • - Iroquois ultimately sided with the British and tipped the balance

  • - Results:

  • - British gained control over all French territory east of the Mississippi River

    • - Many casualties were colonists

    • - Colonists assumed that in return for service they would gain

    • access to newly acquired land; did not happen

    • - Economic prosperity during war (colonists supplied army’s

    • needs)

  • - Economic downturn after war (40,000 troops leave)