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美国 学校心理咨询与辅导 School Counseling & Guidance PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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美国 学校心理咨询与辅导 School Counseling & Guidance. 胡晓路 美国加州圣荷西州立大学心理咨询教育系 Xiaolu Hu San Jose State University July 2014. K-12 Reform in the President‘s 2014 Budget 美国教育教育 重点.

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美国 学校心理咨询与辅导 School Counseling & Guidance

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School counseling guidance

School Counseling & Guidance

Xiaolu Hu

San Jose State University

July 2014

K 12 reform in the president s 2014 budget

K-12 Reform in the Presidents 2014 Budget

Building on this momentum, President Obama has proposed to deepen reforms through significant new investments in strategic areas where states and school districts face key implementation challenges, and to continue substantial investments in critical formula programs that support state and local reform efforts. The President's budget includes the following investments:

  • High school redesign and career readiness

  • Strengthening Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) education

  • Supporting effective teaching and strengthening school leadership

  • School safety

  • Turning around the lowest-performing schools

American common core initiative

American Common Core Initiative

The Common Core State Standards provide a consistent, clear understanding of what students are expected to learn, so teachers and parents know what they need to do to help them. The standards are designed to be robust and relevant to the real world, reflecting the knowledge and skills that our young people need for success in college and careers. With American students fully prepared for the future, our communities will be best positioned to compete successfully in the global economy.



45 states have adopted the common core state standards

45 States have adopted the Common Core State Standards





Not Yet adopted


Defining school counseling

Defining School Counseling

School Guidance

School Counseling

School Counseling and Guidance

, ,

One main goal of school counseling k 12

One Main Goal of School Counseling (K-12)

To remove barriers which impede academic and life success

School counseling guidance

  • , -

  • -

  • -

  • -

American school counseling services and guidance system

American School Counseling Services and Guidance System




4. -

School counseling guidance

  • ASCA .

School counseling guidance

  • Standards for the Academic/Technical Domain

  • Standards for the Personal/Social Domain

  • Standards for the Career Domain

Standards for the academic domain

Standards for the Academic Domain

  • Standard A: Students will acquire the attitudes, knowledge and skills that contribute to effective life-long learning.

  • Standard B: Students will learn strategies to achieve academic/technical success and satisfaction.

  • Standard C: Students will understand the relationship among education and training, personal qualities, and the world of work.

  • Standard D: Students will understand the relationship of academics to life in the community and at home.

  • A

  • B/

  • C

  • D

Standards for the personal social domain

Standards for the Personal/Social Domain:

  • Standard A: Students will acquire the attitudes, knowledge, and interpersonal skills to help them understand and respect self and others.

  • Standard B: Students will make decisions, set goals, and take necessary action to achieve goals.

  • Standard C: Students will understand safety and survival skills.

  • A

  • B

  • C

Standards for the career domain

Standards for the Career Domain:

  • Standard A: Students will acquire the skills to investigate the world of work in relation to knowledge of self and to make informed career decisions.

  • Standard B: Students will employ strategies to achieve career success and satisfaction.

  • Standard C: Students will demonstrate skills for locating, maintaining, and advancing a job.

  • Standard D: Students will understand diversity and transition issues in todays workforce.

  • A,

  • B

  • C,.

  • D.

Key components are

Key Components are:

Responsive Services

  • Consultation

  • Personal Counseling

  • Crisis Counseling

  • Referral

    System Support

  • Professional Development

  • Staff and Community Relations

  • Parent/Guardian Outreach

  • District Committees and In-Service

Guidance Curriculum

  • Classroom Activities

  • Group Activities

  • Interdisciplinary Curriculum Development

    Individual Student Planning

  • Case Management

  • Individual Appraisal

  • Individual Advisement

  • Placement

Counseling ethics

Counseling Ethics

  • The Counseling Relationship

  • Confidentiality and Privacy

  • Professional Responsibility

  • Relationships With Other Professionals

  • Evaluation, Assessment, and Interpretation

  • Supervision, Training, and Teaching

  • Research and Publication

  • Distance Counseling, Technology and Social Media

Responsive services

Responsive Services

  • Consultation

  • Individual and Small Group Counseling

  • Crisis Counseling/Response

  • Referrals

  • Peer Facilitation/Mediation

  • Designed to meet students immediate needs

School counselors performance expectations

School Counselors Performance Expectations

  • Ability to plan, organize, and deliver school counseling and student support activities

  • Ability to deliver planned guidance curriculum and intentional guidance strategies

  • Ability to provide individual planning for students that guides the student toward career or educational goals

  • Ability to provide appropriate and effective responsive services

School counselors performance expectations continued

School Counselors Performance Expectations (continued)

5. Ability to provide system support

6. Ability to effectively manage student support activities

7. Ability to schedule and use time effectively

8. Ability to monitor student progress

9. Ability to develop and use an instrument to measure and analyze student results

School counseling guidance


School counseling guidance

  • MA Degree 30-60 units

  • Pupil Personnel Services Credential state by state

  • Internship experiences at different level

  • Training in different counseling ares: individual, group counseling, assessment, theoretical foundation, school community dynamics, leadership, multicultural counseling, career counseling, consultation,

Asca national model

ASCA National Model

Gear up


Community Achievement Project

1999-2005, 2000-2006, 2008-2014

School counseling guidance

Student Demographics

Sjsu gear up logic model

SJSU GEAR UP Logic Model

Family conditions

Family Conditions

  • Chronic poverty

  • // Conflict/disruptions/violence

  • Substance abuse

  • Models problem behavior

  • Abusive caretaking

  • Inadequate provision for quality child care

Individual conditions

Individual Conditions

  • Medical problems

  • Neurodevelopmental delay

  • Psychological problems

  • Difficult temperament & adjustment problems

  • Inadequate nutrition

School and peer conditions

School and Peer Conditions

  • Poor quality school

  • Negative encounters with teachers

  • Negative encounters with peers

  • Inappropriate peer models



  • The ability to become strong, healthy, or successful again after something bad happens

  • An ability to recover from or adjust easily to misfortune or change

    Merriam-Webster (2014)

School counseling guidance

Successful development in any human system depends on the quality of relationships, beliefs, and opportunities for participation in that system. (Benard, 1996)

School counseling guidance


The RYDM Theoretical Framework

What is a school counseling curriculum

What is a School Counseling Curriculum?

The Guidance curriculum consists of structured developmental lessons designed to assist students in achieving the competencies and is presented systematically through classroom and group activities, K-12.

- ASCA National Model Workbook (2005)

School counseling guidance

Barriers to academic achievement

Barriers to Academic Achievement

What are some of the barriers to academic success that your students face in your schools?

School counseling guidance

Range of Learners

Motivationally ready and able

Not verymotivated/

lacking prerequisite

skills/ different rates

& styles of learning


Avoidant/ very deficient in prerequisite skills capabilities

No Barriers








Desired Learner


High Expectations

& Accountability

Barriers To

Learning and

Academic Achievement

UCLA Leadership Institute

Individual student planning

Individual Student Planning

  • Individual or Small group Appraisal

  • Individual or Small group Advisement

  • Ongoing systemic activities

  • Designed to assist students in establishing personal goals

  • Designed to assist students in developing future plans

School guidance curriculum

School Guidance Curriculum

  • Integrated with Academic Curriculum

  • Group Activities

  • Parent Workshops/ Activities

  • Structured lessons delivered to all students

  • Related to standards and competencies

Evaluating a counseling curriculum

Evaluating a Counseling Curriculum

Are your counseling curriculum activities/lesson plans

  • For all students?

  • Organized, planned and written?

  • Sequential and flexible?

  • An integral part of the educational process?

  • Opportunities to collaborate with teachers and other staff?

  • Helping students learn more effectively in all three domains?

  • Using data to help us assess our program:

    • Did we do it? (process data)

    • Does it appear that things went well? (perception data)

    • How well did we do it? (results data actual learning, change has happened).

  • We have made a difference in students lives

School counseling programs

School Counseling Programs

  • School Counseling programs prepare graduates to work with students ranging from kindergarten through high school.

  • School counselors are prepared to promote the academic, career, and personal/social development of all K-12 students through understanding how to design and implement comprehensive school guidance and counseling programs

  • School counseling programs include time for individual counseling, group counseling, classroom guidance, family and teacher consultations within the school setting. School counselors work with in both private and public school systems at the elementary, middle, and high school levels.

Counselor education programs school counseling training

Counselor Education Programs School counseling training

  • Council for Accreditation of Counseling & Related Educational Programs

  • CACREP Accreditation provides recognition that the content and quality of the program has been evaluated and meets standards set by the profession.

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