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Introduction to Anglo-Saxon Culture. Culture - Language, social habits, values, hierarchies, religion, beliefs, art, and music Lived during MEDIEVAL PERIOD; 500 to 1150 AD Major surviving literary works: Beowulf (600 AD) and The Exeter Book (1000 AD)

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introduction to anglo saxon culture
Introduction to Anglo-Saxon Culture
  • Culture - Language, social habits, values, hierarchies, religion, beliefs, art, and music
  • Lived during MEDIEVAL PERIOD; 500 to 1150 AD
  • Major surviving literary works: Beowulf (600 AD) and The Exeter Book (1000 AD)
  • Period characterized by political unrest and bloody warfare amidst economic/cultural decline
  • Angles, Saxons, and Jutes - Germanic-speaking tribes of Northern Europe who settled in England
slide2

Further West –

Geatland SwedenBeowulf, Wiglaf’s home

Note:Danes of Denmark and Geats of Sweden were allies

Scotland

Denmark(Danes)

Herot Hall

Ireland

England

NorthernEurope

Germany

France

old english 500 1150 ad
Old English 500-1150 AD
  • claene - clean
  • crypel
  • fisc
  • segl
  • graes
  • gyltig
  • brycg

What do you

think these

words mean?

old english 500 1150 ad1
Old English 500-1150 AD
  • claene ("clean")
  • crypel ("cripple")
  • fisc ("fish")
  • segl (“sail)
  • graes ("grass")
  • gyltig ("guilty")
  • brycg ("bridge")
slide5

ExperimentRead 4 Old English Sentences.

  • Translate the meaning on a sheet of paper.

1. se bat seglode fif dagas

2. bates segl is lytel

3. fif batas seglodon ofer

brim

4. seglas bata sind lytel

slide6

Answer Key

1. se bat seglode fif dagas

("the boat sailed for five days")

2. bates segl is lytel

("the boat\'s sail is small [little]")

3. fif batas seglodon ofer brim

("five boats sailed over the sea")

4. seglas bata sind lytel

("the sails of the boats are small")

slide7

1-21 HWÆT, WE GAR-DEna in geardagum, þeodcyninga þrym gefrunon, hu ða æþelingas ellen fremedon! oft Scyld Scefing sceaþena þreatum, monegum mægþum meodosetla ofteah, egsode eorlas, syððanærest wearðfeasceaft funden; he þæs frofre gebad,weox under wolcnum weorðmyndum þah,oð þæt him æghwylc ymbsittendraofer hronrade hyran scolde, gomban gyldan; þæt wæs god cyning! Ðæm eafera wæs æfter cenned geong in geardum, þone God sende

The opening

lines of

Beowulf:

An oral epic

poem written

by an

anonymous

“scop” or

poet singer

Click the

link to hear

the music

and speech

of a modern

day scop

recite these

lines

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Y13cES7MMd8

slide8

Anglo-Saxon Village

http://www.suffolktouristguide.com/Things-to-do-in-Suffolk.asp

slide9

Anglo-Saxon Hall, likened to the Danes’ Herot Hall in Beowulf

http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/primaryhistory/anglo_saxons/stories_and_pastimes/

slide10

Battle Helmetshttp://www.germantribes.org/tribes/AngloSaxons/anglosaxons.htm

slide11

Religious Beliefs of the Anglo-Saxons

  • Pagan – Polytheistic faith
  • Heathens – Persons not belonging to a widely held religion
  • Worshipped many gods (“ese”) Main god: Woden
  • Christianization of the Anglo-Saxons gradually occurred in 7th century
  • Beowulf poet was a Christian, although characters were still Pagans
slide13

http://www.fashion-era.com/ancient_costume/clothing-saxon-frankish-anglo.htm#Sixth_Century_Costume_Images_500-599_ADhttp://www.fashion-era.com/ancient_costume/clothing-saxon-frankish-anglo.htm#Sixth_Century_Costume_Images_500-599_AD

slide14

Household Tools of the Anglo-Saxons

Pottery

Knife and Sheath

literary terms common in anglo saxon poetry
Literary Terms Commonin Anglo-Saxon Poetry
  • Alliteration
  • Caesura
  • Characterization
  • Epic
  • Kenning
  • Repetition
slide17
Alliteration – Repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words. Adds emphasis and musical effects to sung poetry.
  • Caesura – Extra space within lines of poetry. Adds a pause for breathing and comprehension.
  • Characterization – Process by which writer reveals character personality and motivation.
  • Epic- Long narrative poem about the adventures of a hero. Contains vast settings and supernatural figures.
  • Kenning - A descriptive phrase or compoundword that creatively renames a noun.
  • Repetition – Repeating phrases, words, or lines. Supports listeners and adds emphasis.
slide18
Kennings: Common in Anglo-Saxon poetry, a kenning is a descriptive phrase or compoundword that renames a noun.
  • “whale-road”
  • “world-candle”
  • “bone-house”
  • “lock teaser”
  • “sea-rider”
  • “ring-giver”
  • “battle-friend”
  • “feast of vultures”
slide19

Answer Key

  • “whale-road”sea
  • “world-candle”sun
  • “bone-house”body, graveyard
  • “lock teaser”comb
  • “sea-rider”ship
  • “ring-giver”king
  • “battle-friend”sword
  • “feast of vultures”battle
quickwrite
Quickwrite
  • You just been introduced to the culture of the Anglo-Saxon people who lived a thousand years ago.
  • How does what you have seen compare with today’s culture?
  • Focus on 2 or 3 elements (religion, language, arts) in a compare/contrast paragraph.
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