DEVELOPING SERVICES FOR LOCAL HISTORY RESEARCH THROUGH A DIGITIZATION PROJECT: A PUBLIC LIBRARY CASE...
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DEVELOPING SERVICES FOR LOCAL HISTORY RESEARCH THROUGH A DIGITIZATION PROJECT: A PUBLIC LIBRARY CASE STUDY. Zupan family, Čačak 1934. Bogdan Trifunovi ć , M. A. Head of Digitization Center Public Library “Vladislav Petkovi ć Dis” Čačak , Serbia [email protected] digital.cacak-dis.rs.

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DEVELOPING SERVICES FOR LOCAL HISTORY RESEARCH THROUGH A DIGITIZATION PROJECT: A PUBLIC LIBRARY CASE STUDY

Zupan family, Čačak 1934

Bogdan Trifunović, M. A.

Head of Digitization Center

Public Library “Vladislav Petković Dis”

Čačak, Serbia

[email protected]

digital.cacak-dis.rs

27/08/09

GENLOC open session, WLIC IFLA, Milan 2009

1


OVERVIEW DIGITIZATION PROJECT: A PUBLIC LIBRARY CASE STUDY

  • Introduction

  • Digitization in Public Library Čačak

  • Local History Collections

  • How digitization improves research

  • Oral history and audio-video preservation

  • Future plans

27/08/09

GENLOC open session, WLIC IFLA, Milan 2009

2


INTRODUCTION DIGITIZATION PROJECT: A PUBLIC LIBRARY CASE STUDY

  • The Public Library Čačak (PLC) was founded in 1848

  • Main library for the district of Morava

  • Serving population of 150.000

  • More than 200.000 volumes in hold

Administrative seat of PLC

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GENLOC open session, WLIC IFLA, Milan 2009

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DIGITIZATION DIGITIZATION PROJECT: A PUBLIC LIBRARY CASE STUDY

  • Digitization began in 2006 (postcards and photos)‏

  • In 2007 Digital Library concept was framed – an organized collection of digitized materials for preserving and presenting local history, culture and heritage

  • Digitization Center (January 2008), the first among public libraries in Serbia

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GENLOC open session, WLIC IFLA, Milan 2009

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DIGITIZED RESOURCES DIGITIZATION PROJECT: A PUBLIC LIBRARY CASE STUDY

  • Books

  • Newspapers

  • Journals

  • Postcards

  • Photos

  • Audio-video resources

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GENLOC open session, WLIC IFLA, Milan 2009

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ONLINE SURVEY DIGITIZATION PROJECT: A PUBLIC LIBRARY CASE STUDY

  • Created to collect more information about local history and digital collections coexistence in cultural institutions

  • The main purpose of the survey was to collect data on how local history practitioners utilize digital collections to develop their research

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GENLOC open session, WLIC IFLA, Milan 2009

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SURVEY – general conclusions: DIGITIZATION PROJECT: A PUBLIC LIBRARY CASE STUDY

  • Libraries lead digitization activities among cultural institutions in Serbia

  • Local history is the most frequent historiography research

  • Dominant majority of participants believe that digitization will improve research

  • Digitization of paper materials is regarded as priority

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GENLOC open session, WLIC IFLA, Milan 2009

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LOCAL HISTORY COLLECTIONS DIGITIZATION PROJECT: A PUBLIC LIBRARY CASE STUDY

  • Established in the 1970’s, now with tens of thousands items in hold

  • The most important source of printed materials for local history research

  • LHC holds old books, newspapers, journals, small library material about Čačak, published or printed in Čačak, or written by people born or living in Čačak

  • Audio-video resources

27/08/09

GENLOC open session, WLIC IFLA, Milan 2009

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DIGITIZATION OF LHC DIGITIZATION PROJECT: A PUBLIC LIBRARY CASE STUDY

  • Why:

    • preservation of paper materials threatened by extensive usage and paper deterioration;

    • greater access to collections (not only on-site)‏

    • bringing in more users

    • promoting some parts of the collection over the Internet

    • preserving local history (memory) from oblivion

    • existence of strong community conscience

27/08/09

GENLOC open session, WLIC IFLA, Milan 2009

9


DIGITIZATION OF LHC DIGITIZATION PROJECT: A PUBLIC LIBRARY CASE STUDY

  • How:

    • through collaboration of Local History Collections and digitization department (collaboration between historians, librarians and IT specialists)‏

    • creation of the Digital Repository

    • end-user orientation (stress on usability)‏: providing understandable and logical information for researchers and general public

27/08/09

GENLOC open session, WLIC IFLA, Milan 2009

10


Hotel “Kren” (1900), after 1945 renamed as “Belgrade”

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GENLOC open session, WLIC IFLA, Milan 2009

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Čačak, Elementary School and Gimnazium, “Belgrade” nowadays Municipality House and High school of Economics

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GENLOC open session, WLIC IFLA, Milan 2009

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Čačak, main square between World Wars “Belgrade”

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GENLOC open session, WLIC IFLA, Milan 2009

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Čačak, main square 1970 “Belgrade” ’s

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GENLOC open session, WLIC IFLA, Milan 2009

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Knez Mihailova street in the 1920’s, nowadays a parking lot in the city centre

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GENLOC open session, WLIC IFLA, Milan 2009

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DIGITIZATION OF LHC lot in the city centre

  • What:

    • more than 4.500 items with 47.000 digital pages total (8.000 online)‏

    • 2.000 digital photos and postcards of historical value

    • PLC’s edition “Local History Bibliography”

    • 7 newspaper titles in print between 1889 and 1937 (the most used collection!)‏

    • books about the local history

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GENLOC open session, WLIC IFLA, Milan 2009

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SERVICES lot in the city centre

  • “Ask a Librarian” was introduced in 2006

  • Until the end of 2007 this service dealt mostly with questions about books, programs held in PLC and working hours

  • The start of Digital Library created another type of questions, about population origin

  • Two types of questions: where particular information can be found (content of resources) and how to use DL

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GENLOC open session, WLIC IFLA, Milan 2009

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Content? lot in the city centre

  • Full-text search option provides particular information, otherwise hardly accessible to librarians (search result for Strahinjić's family origin oral tradition)‏

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GENLOC open session, WLIC IFLA, Milan 2009

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Using DL? lot in the city centre

  • Help section in DL concentrates on topics about browsing collections, finding appropriate information, key words explanation, full text search, etc.

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GENLOC open session, WLIC IFLA, Milan 2009

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SERVICES lot in the city centre

  • “Ask a Librarian” provided a feedback on quality of our services considering digitization and online historical materials, but it also extracts information on what material users expect to see in DL, how they use it and how often, what are the main problems

  • We learned that too much “technology” and information confuse and repulse users

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GENLOC open session, WLIC IFLA, Milan 2009

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27/08/09 lot in the city centre

GENLOC open session, WLIC IFLA, Milan 2009

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AUDIO-VIDEO PRESERVATION lot in the city centre

  • Only several of public libraries in Serbia preserve and digitize their audio & video collections (recordings of programs, etc)‏

  • PLC has obtained digital copies of old video recordings regarding the history of Čačak (more than 20 hours of material), while our existing collection of old VHS tapes is prepared for digitization

  • Audio recordings – Oral History program

27/08/09

GENLOC open session, WLIC IFLA, Milan 2009

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AUDIO-VIDEO PRESERVATION lot in the city centre

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GENLOC open session, WLIC IFLA, Milan 2009

23


ORAL HISTORY PROGRAM lot in the city centre

  • LHC and Digitization Center joint project

  • The aim is to collect existing interviews from public figures and ordinary people from Čačak, in an effort to create oral history audio archive

  • The main task is to digitize and transcribe recordings

27/08/09

GENLOC open session, WLIC IFLA, Milan 2009

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ORAL HISTORY lot in the city centre

  • The bulk of audio material considering oral history came from Radio Čačak archives (purchased by PLC in 2007/2008) and from the audio recordings made by outsourcing journalist

  • Professionally recorded oral history material, with adequate meta-data indexing and access, is usable in numerous research projects

27/08/09

GENLOC open session, WLIC IFLA, Milan 2009

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PLANS lot in the city centre

  • More online material for local history research

  • More collaboration with other institutions

  • Digitization Center will provide tools for easier collections building:

    • Central Repository for digital documents (Digital Repository)‏

    • Omeka software localization in Serbian

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GENLOC open session, WLIC IFLA, Milan 2009

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GENLOC open session, WLIC IFLA, Milan 2009

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CHALLENGES Omeka software (CHNM, GMU)

  • The main challenge is creating long-term sustainable digitization program, which will be recognized by the users (researchers) as trustworthy institutionalized resource (overcoming the discomfort of “digital documents”, “virtual reality”, concerns over reliability and quality, privacy intrusions, etc)‏

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GENLOC open session, WLIC IFLA, Milan 2009

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SPREADING THE WORD Omeka software (CHNM, GMU)

  • Using blogs to comment about our digitization programs and about the accuracy and relevancy of online sources

  • After the Digital Library was established, we sent an announcement through local media and over the Internet about the whole program (the response from the patrons was extraordinary)‏

  • Breaking through on genealogy websites

27/08/09

GENLOC open session, WLIC IFLA, Milan 2009

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SPREADING THE WORD Omeka software (CHNM, GMU)

  • A blog Digitization and Digital Libraries digital.cacak-dis.rs

  • Facebook page

  • YouTube channel

27/08/09

GENLOC open session, WLIC IFLA, Milan 2009

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THANK YOU! Omeka software (CHNM, GMU)QUESTIONS?

Dragomirović family palace, Čačak

Bogdan Trifunović, M. A.

Head of Digitization Center

Public Library “Vladislav Petković Dis”

Čačak, Serbia

[email protected]

digital.cacak-dis.rs

27/08/09

GENLOC open session, WLIC IFLA, Milan 2009

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