week 9a supply chain management chapter 10
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
Week 9A – Supply Chain Management Chapter 10

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 19

Week 9A – Supply Chain Management Chapter 10 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 97 Views
  • Uploaded on

Week 9A – Supply Chain Management Chapter 10. Definition, issues, logistics, EDI, E-commerce. Definition of SCM. Definition: chain consisting of multiple organizations and organization units operating as customer/supplier links Includes external suppliers and subcontractors

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' Week 9A – Supply Chain Management Chapter 10 ' - tashya-alvarado


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
definition of scm
SJSU Bus 140 - David BentleyDefinition of SCM
  • Definition: chain consisting of multiple organizations and organization units operating as customer/supplier links
  • Includes external suppliers and subcontractors
  • Involves internal manufacturing plants, warehouses, and distribution centers
  • Extends to final (external) customers
related terms and concepts
SJSU Bus 140 - David BentleyRelated Terms and Concepts
  • Includes all relevant activities of organizations and units from prior slide
  • Value chain essentially the same today
    • Focuses on added value
    • May cover raw material to end user
  • Demand chain used less frequently
    • May cover manufacturer to end user
supply chain example
SJSU Bus 140 - David BentleySupply Chain Example

Intel

Contract manufacturer

Hewlett-Packard

Ingram Micro

Fry’s

You or me

inventory considerations
SJSU Bus 140 - David BentleyInventory Considerations
  • Inventory serves as a buffer(“decouples”) supply and demand and protects any member of the chain from variation in either
  • Bullwhip effect relates to magnification effect as buffer grows upstream
    • Can ultimately lead to collapse
recent areas of interest
SJSU Bus 140 - David BentleyRecent Areas of Interest
  • Sustainability
    • Social, cultural, and environmental concerns
    • Takes a long-term view
    • May conflict with financial objectives
  • Information technology (see later slide)
    • Dramatically increases ability to plan and control
    • Dramatically reduces certain time elements
factors leading to scm
SJSU Bus 140 - David BentleyFactors Leading to SCM
  • Globalization
  • Competitive pressure
  • Move to e-commerce
  • Cost reduction opportunities
  • Ability to share information
  • Greater use of contract manufacturers
  • Desire to manage vertical markets
key elements of scm
SJSU Bus 140 - David BentleyKey Elements of SCM
  • Determine customer needs and wants
  • Forecast demand
  • Design products to meet customer needs/wants and minimize costs
  • Control operations processes
  • Minimize inventory
  • Strengthen supplier relationships
  • Optimize facility location
  • Improve handling and storage of material
scm issues at 3 levels
SJSU Bus 140 - David BentleySCM Issues at 3 Levels
  • Strategic
    • Building the chain (suppliers, manufacturing facilities, distribution centers, customers)
    • Establishing partnerships
  • Tactical
    • Inventory, procurement, logistics, quality policies
  • Operational
    • Production and inventory planning and control
    • Outsourcing
    • Quality control
integration
SJSU Bus 140 - David BentleyIntegration
  • Horizontal Integration
    • Acquisition of complementary product lines
    • Examples: HP and Compaq; PSA
  • Vertical Integration
    • Backward integration (“upstream”)
      • Control of supply
      • Example: Ford
    • Forward integration (“downstream”)
      • Control of customers
      • Examples: Apple; Gateway
focused factories
SJSU Bus 140 - David BentleyFocused Factories
  • Focused factories
    • Emphasis on niche, distinctive competency
    • Limited products and functions
    • Example: HP casting plant
  • HP: Carly Fiorina comments (SJMN 10/24/02):
    • “…in contrast to IBM, HP is not going to be a “vertically integrated company”
    • Focus less and less on component-level innovation
    • Work with key partners (e.g., Intel and Canon)
    • Position itself as broad-based technology company
sourcing strategies
SJSU Bus 140 - David BentleySourcing Strategies
  • Many suppliers (not recommended)
  • Few suppliers (risk)
  • Vertical integration (backward)
  • Joint ventures (NUMMI)
  • Keiretsu networks (supplier support)
  • Virtual companies (specialists)
control of the supply chain
SJSU Bus 140 - David BentleyControl of the Supply Chain
  • Big supplier, many small customers
    • Amazon and you
  • Big customer, many small suppliers
    • GM and auto parts manufacturers
  • Equal size suppliers and customers
    • Big businesses
    • Small businesses
  • See text section, pp. 439-442
logistics
SJSU Bus 140 - David BentleyLogistics
  • Managing movement of materials within the supply chain
  • Traffic management
    • Scheduling, carrier selection, rate and tariff management
  • Electronic Data Interchange (EDI)
  • Internet (B2B, exchanges)
  • Distribution Requirements Planning (DRP)
  • “JIT” deliveries
communications
SJSU Bus 140 - David BentleyCommunications
  • Traditional
    • Mail, Phone, Fax
  • EDI
    • Transmission of forecasts, orders, etc.
    • Individual supplier/customer agreements
  • Internet (E-Commerce)
    • Buying and selling using the Internet
    • Business-to-business, business-to-consumer
    • Exchanges
creating an effective supply chain
SJSU Bus 140 - David BentleyCreating an Effective Supply Chain
  • Key is external and internal partnerships
  • Steps
    • Strategic objectives and tactics
    • Integrate internal part first
    • Extend to suppliers and customers
    • Optimize data management across chain
    • Develop strategic partnerships
scm software vendors
SJSU Bus 140 - David BentleySCM Software Vendors
  • Supply Chain Management (SCM)
    • SAP
    • Oracle
    • JDA Software Group
      • I2 Technologies (acquired in 2010)
      • Manugistics (acquired in 2006)
    • Sage Software
internet applications b2c
SJSU Bus 140 - David BentleyInternet Applications (B2C)
  • Oracle (Redwood Shores)
    • Including Siebel (San Mateo)
      • Acquired by Oracle (June 2006)
  • BroadVision(Redwood City)
  • Many others
e commerce areas
SJSU Bus 140 - David BentleyE-Commerce Areas
  • CRM - Oracle (including Seibel), BroadVision
  • B2B - SAP, Oracle
  • B2C - BroadVision
  • SCM - SAP, Oracle, JDA, Sage
  • E-Procurement
    • SAP
    • Ariba (acquired by SAP Q3 2012)
ad