LIBRARY AND INFORMATION SCIENCE GRADUATES FROM SPAIN: PROFESSIONAL TRAINING AND WORKFORCE ENTRY PROF...
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LIBRARY AND INFORMATION SCIENCE GRADUATES FROM SPAIN: PROFESSIONAL TRAINING AND WORKFORCE ENTRY PROFILES. Blanca Rodríguez Bravo Universidad de León (SPAIN). LIS GRADUATES FROM SPAIN: PROFESSIONAL TRAINING AND WORKFORCE ENTRY PROFILES. SUMMARY

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LIBRARY AND INFORMATION SCIENCE GRADUATES FROM SPAIN: PROFESSIONAL TRAINING AND WORKFORCE ENTRY PROFILES

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Library and information science graduates from spain professional training and workforce entry profiles

LIBRARY AND INFORMATION SCIENCE GRADUATES FROM SPAIN: PROFESSIONAL TRAINING AND WORKFORCE ENTRY PROFILES

Blanca Rodríguez Bravo

Universidad de León (SPAIN)


Lis graduates from spain professional training and workforce entry profiles

LIS GRADUATES FROM SPAIN: PROFESSIONAL TRAINING AND WORKFORCE ENTRY PROFILES

SUMMARY

Former LIS students and prestigious information professionals were surveyed and interviewed

The results were analysed in order to identify further professional training undertaken, professional profiles of qualified graduates and professional career paths


Lis graduates from spain professional training and workforce entry profiles1

LIS GRADUATES FROM SPAIN: PROFESSIONAL TRAINING AND WORKFORCE ENTRY PROFILES

AIM

To improve the LIS degree curriculum at the University of León

The new degree in Library and Information Science adapted to Bologna’s guidelines (EAHI) will begin in 2010


Lis graduates from spain professional training and workforce entry profiles2

LIS GRADUATES FROM SPAIN: PROFESSIONAL TRAINING AND WORKFORCE ENTRY PROFILES

In Spain – and in Europe in general – higher education is immersed in a process of change. Compliance with the Bologna Treaty has implied a structural revision

In Spain, this has meant the gradual implementation of a 4 year LIS Degree, substituting both the LIS Diploma (3 years), taught since 1978, and the Information Science Degree (2 years), taught since 1994


Lis graduates from spain professional training and workforce entry profiles3

LIS GRADUATES FROM SPAIN: PROFESSIONAL TRAINING AND WORKFORCE ENTRY PROFILES

The Library and Information Science Diploma course (3 years) has been taught at the University of León since the academic year 1990 – 1991

First graduates finished their degree in 1993


Methodology survey to students

Methodology: survey to students

  • Survey subjects comprised graduates from the past 15 academic years (1993-2007) at the University of León

  • To collect data we used a survey distributed to a random selection of 300 graduates

  • 105 completed questionnaires were received

  • Graduates from all 15 academic years were represented


Methodology survey to students1

Methodology: survey to students

The questionnaire was divided into 13 sections covering the following points:

  • Sex

  • Age

  • Disability or special needs

  • First course year and year of graduation

  • Degree of satisfaction with the training provided by the University

  • Employment status during Diploma studies


Methodology survey to students2

Methodology: survey to students

  • Current professional employment status

  • Years between graduation and entry into the workforce

  • Professional activity following graduation

  • Library and Information Science graduate professional training profiles

  • Assessment of professional employment opportunities

  • Evaluation of competences necessary to fulfil professional obligations, and level to which these were developed during University studies

  • Personal employment history


Methodology survey to students3

Methodology: survey to students

  • Sex: Male Female

  • Age 21-25 26-30 31-35 36-40 +41

  • First course year - Year of graduation

  • Degree of satisfaction with the education and training received at the University: Very Reasonably, Quite, Not ver, Not at all

  • Please mark your employment status during your university studies: Full-time student, Employment related to studies, Employment unrelated to studies

  • Present Professional situation Continuing education, Employment related to studies, Employment unrelated to studies, Seeking first post, Currently unemployed but have worked previously, Unemployed, not seeking work, Other


Methodology survey to students4

Methodology: survey to students

  • How many years did it take following graduation to find your first post? (Only applicable if employed in a post related to studies)

  • After Graduation …: I sought employment, I enrolled on the Library and Information Science Degree course, I enrolled on another degree or diploma course, I enrolled on a Master’s degree course, I enrolled on a Doctorate course, DEA or thesis, I obtained another grant, I studied for public examinations, I undertook further training related with my Diploma, I undertook further training in the new technologies, I studied modern languages, Other

  • A graduate in Library and Information Studies is capable of fulfilling the following professional posts: Archivist, Cultural consultant and manager, Librarian, Information manager,, Non-university teacher, University lecturer, Information literacy expert, Digital content manager, Media information manager, Corporate information manager in private companies, Other


Methodology survey to students5

Methodology: survey to students

  • Assessment of professional opportunities for Library and Information Science graduates:A lot, Quite a lot, Some, Few, None

  • Personal employment history following graduation (Please list posts held related to the Diploma)

  • Special needs (for disabled students)


Methodology survey to students6

Methodology: survey to students

Level of importance of the competences listed, and level to which they were developed at university : Information search and retrieval, Interaction with service users and clients, Knowledge of the profession Information and communication technologies, Management, administrative, economics and marketing techniques, Project and planning management techniques, Content analysis and information organisation, Digitalisation and electronic media, Identification and assessment of information, Global information management Information management techniques (cataloguing, etc.), Elaboration and dissemination of information, Collection management , Production and publication techniques, Document conservation (storage, restoration conservation, etc.), Teaching skills, Knowledge of the world of business, Institutional interpersonal skills, Oral and written communication, Team skills, Creativity and adaptation in problem solving, Modern languages, Interpersonal communication skills, Other (please specify)


Methodology professionals

Methodology: professionals

  • Interviews with information professionals from León: specifically, with those who had acted as supervisors for the Practicum

  • Survey sent to prestigious professionals working outside the province of León

  • From a total of 25 questionnaires sent to information professionals selected for their diverse profiles, 17 were completed and returned


Methodology survey to professionals

Methodology: survey to professionals

The questionnaire was divided into 11 sections:

  • Name

  • Company

  • Post

  • Location

  • University qualifications

  • Company or institution information: Status, Sphere of Influence, Sector and Number of employees

  • Number of Library and Information Science graduates employed by the company


Methodology survey to professionals1

Methodology: survey to professionals

  • Principal criteria applied when employing Diploma holders

  • Professional training profiles for Library and Information Science graduates

  • Evaluation of competences necessary to fulfil professional obligations, and graduate proficiency in performance of professional duties

  • Suggestions for improvement


Methodology survey to professionals2

Methodology: survey to professionals

  • Name:

  • Company:

  • Post:

  • Location:

  • Qualifications (if different from the University Library and Information Science qualifications listed below): Diploma in Library and Information Science, Degree in Library and Information Science, Doctorate or Master’s degree, Other Diplomas, Other Degrees, Other Qualifications

  • Company or institution information: Status (Public, Private, Mixed), Sphere of influence (National, Autonomous region, Provincial, Municipal), Sector (Libraries, Historic archives, Administrative archives, General information centre, Specialised information centre, Educational centres, Other)


Methodology survey to professionals3

Methodology: survey to professionals

  • Number of employees 1-5 6-15 16-30 31-50 +51

  • Has your institution or company contracted a Library and Information Science graduate recently? Yes, No

  • Please indicate the importance of the following criteria when contracting a Library and Information Science graduate: University training received during the Diploma course, University training received on the Degree/Postgraduate course, Specialist training related to a specific post in your institution or company, Specific practical skill related to a particular post in your institution, Adaptability to the working environment, Other


Methodology survey to professionals4

Methodology: survey to professionals

  • A graduate in Library and Information Studies is capable of fulfilling the following professional posts: Archivist, Cultural consultant and manager, Librarian, Information manager, Non-university teacher, University lecturer, Information literacy expert, Digital content manager, Media information manager, Corporate information manager in private companies, Other (please specify)

  • Importance of the competences listed in order to fulfil professional obligations, and graduate proficiency in performance of professional duties (rated from 5 to 1)

  • Suggestions for improvement


Results graduates survey

Results: Graduates’ Survey

Demographic data: there was a wide age range among respondents, and over 80% were women

Entry into the workforce:

  • 40 graduates had combined paid work with their studies, and 25 of these had been working in jobs related to their studies

  • 65 graduates had concentrated exclusively on studying

  • 38 graduates had not sought employment immediately following their graduation, they had entered the Information Science Degree programme


Results graduates survey1

Results: Graduates’ Survey

  • Professional career opportunities, 2% replied “a lot”, 28% “quite a lot”, 50% “some”, and 20% “few”.

  • Time (in years) between graduation and employment: of the 61 replies obtained, 18 respondents cited less than a year, 24 said 1 year, 14 replied 2 or 3 years, and 5 responded over 3 years.


Results graduates survey2

Results: Graduates’ Survey

  • 80% of the graduates are currently employed in posts related to the field of information: 32 are employed without a contract, with a grant (scholarships), 63 in the public sector and 27 in private companies

  • In the section concerning personal employment history, the majority of graduates mentioned having been employed on scholarships or on temporary work experience contracts

  • In terms of professional training profiles of Library and Information Science graduates, respondents felt that the Diploma had provided adequate preparation for professional employment as an archivist, a librarian, an information manager and a corporate information manager in private companies


Results graduates survey3

Results: Graduates’ Survey

Concerning competences necessary to fulfil professional obligations and the level to which these were developed during university studies:

  • All the competences listed were highly rated, with a predominant score of 4/5 on a scale of 1 (minimum) to 5 (maximum)

  • The perceived importance of the competences was rated more highly than was the graduates’ achievement as a result of studies, with a predominant score of 3


Results graduates survey4

Results: Graduates’ Survey

  • Competences perceived to be of highest value were related to global management of information, information search and retrieval techniques, elaboration and dissemination of information, information and communication technologies, and modern languages

  • Likewise, interpersonal skills were also highly rated, that is, interaction with clients and service users, institutional communication and relations, creativity and adaptability, etc.


Results professionals survey

Results: Professionals’ survey

  • When contracting a Library and Information Science graduate, the main criterion considered was their university education

  • Only professionals working in private companies or specialised institutions gave more weight to specialised training or specific practical skills, and to the candidate’s ability to adapt to the working environment

  • Graduates’ professional training profiles: current training primarily prepares students for employment as librarians and information managers, and to a lesser extent, as archivists and information literacy experts


Results professionals and surveys

Results: Professionals’ and surveys

Competences necessary to fulfil professional obligations, and graduate proficiency in performing professional duties:

  • The professionals surveyed agreed with the graduates’ positive evaluation of the 23 competences listed, with a predominance of scores equal to or over 4 on a scale of 1 (minimum) to 5 (maximum)

  • With regard to an assessment of graduates’ proficiency in performing professional duties, scores were slightly lower

  • the most highly valued competences were: information search and retrieval techniques, management and organisation of information, information and communications technology, modern languages, and interpersonal and communication skills both within the organisation and with clients


Conclusions

Conclusions

  • High rate of entry into the professional workforce

  • Time taken to obtain a first post was not prolonged (although graduates felt obliged to accept scholarship posts or temporary work experience posts)

  • This same workforce entry situation for Library and Information Science graduates has been reported in the majority of studies carried out in Spain


Conclusions1

Conclusions

  • The majority of graduates are employed in traditional posts: archivists, librarians and information scientists, and these are the most highly rated professional profiles, especially that of librarian

  • Graduates working in the public sector predominate, although a significant percentage of graduates are also employed as information managers in private companies

  • The fact that all the competences listed are highly rated is a reflection of the versatility of the LIS Science Diploma


Conclusions2

Conclusions

  • The level of proficiency achieved by graduates in these competences was always awarded a slightly lower score, and the same result is observed when professionals are questioned on graduates’ proficiency in competences at work

  • Professionals are more positive in their score than graduates

  • We consider that the new curriculum, designed in accordance with European Area for Higher Education guidelines, which place greater emphasis on “know how”, will help to redress this imbalance


Conclusions3

Conclusions

  • Professionals were united in specifying the need to prioritise student training in information skills, especially computer management skills, and the need to possess a good operational command of English and a working knowledge of the world of private business

  • The new LIS Degree designed by the University of León promotes the acquisition of competences related to information searching, retrieval, management and organisation

  • Information technology skills and knowledge concerning the world of private business will be consolidated via the introduction of various subjects

  • The university promote English language courses at advanced level


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