And reconstruction
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And Reconstruction. 1865 through 1877 A time for rebuilding the South and reunifying the country. Causes of the Civil War. Popular sovereignty and new territories Dred Scott v. Sanford Compromise of 1850 Election of 1860 Slavery Secession. Northern States Economy and its resources

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And Reconstruction

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And reconstruction

And Reconstruction

1865 through 1877

A time for rebuilding the South and reunifying the country.


Causes of the civil war

Causes of the Civil War

  • Popular sovereignty and new territories

  • Dred Scott v. Sanford

  • Compromise of 1850

  • Election of 1860

  • Slavery

  • Secession


Compare and contrast

Northern States

Economy and its resources

Government and leaders

Military strategies and generals

Casualties

Southern States

Economy and its resources

Government and leaders

Military strategies and generals

Casualties

Compare and Contrast


Problems after the war

Problems after the war:

  • Unemployment

  • Starvation

  • Illiteracy

  • War torn communities

  • Homelessness

  • Hatred and resentment towards Blacks

  • State governments in the South

  • Punishment: southern whites

  • Economic breakdown in southern (agricultural) states


What would i do

What Would I Do?

  • What laws would I change or add?

  • What would I do with southern plantation owners?

  • What would I do with former Confederate soldiers and other leaders?

  • What would I do with former slaves?

  • How could I improve the quality of life in the South?


A comparison plans for reconstruction

Presidential Plan: Republican

Only Black soldiers were allowed to vote

Ex-Confederates could vote

Planters keep land

Keep Blacks from being citizens

Lenient

States may re-enter Union and were pardoned

Allowed for states to freely govern themselves

Radical Reconstruction Plan: Republican

All Blacks would vote

Disenfranchisement

Planters redistribute land to Blacks

13th, 14th, 15th amendments

Strict

States may re-enter Union only if they wrote new state constitutions giving Blacks equal rights

5 Military Districts

A Comparison: Plans for Reconstruction


Analyze amendments

Analyze Amendments

  • 13th, 14th and 15th Amendments, for each…

  • Read about each amendment

  • Summarize its purpose

  • Explain its significance during Reconstruction

  • List positive and negative (long term or short term) effects.


Landmark supreme court cases

Dred Scott v. Sanford

Plessy v. Ferguson

Landmark Supreme Court Cases


Reconstruction collapses

Reconstruction Collapses

  • Sharecropping/Tenant Farming

  • Ku Klux Klan

  • Literacy tests and other state laws

  • Southern States went “unchecked” for about 100 years.


1 black codes

1. Black Codes

  • Laws passed in the Southern states after the Civil War. The laws controlled freedmen and enabled plantation owners to exploit African Americans. (Example: curfews and contract work)


2 thirteenth amendment

2. Thirteenth Amendment

  • (1865) Federal law that abolished slavery.


3 fourteenth amendment

3. Fourteenth Amendment

  • (1868) Rights of Citizens: this federal law made Blacks citizens….no state can deprive its citizens of life, liberty or property without due process…


4 fifteenth amendment

4. Fifteenth Amendment

  • (1870) This federal law prohibits the government from denying a person the right to vote based on race.


Military districts 1867

Military Districts: 1867

  • Congress enacted this law that divided the southern states into 5 military districts…Each district was assigned a Union general to maintain peace and to protect the rights of Blacks.


6 freedman s bureau

6. Freedman’s Bureau

  • A government program that helped to feed, clothe, and educate Blacks…it also helped to find jobs for them.


7 plessy v ferguson 1896

7. Plessy v. Ferguson: 1896

  • In this case the Supreme Court ruled in favor of Plessy…making “separate but equal” state laws legal. It made segregation legal in trains, schools, water fountains, theaters, buses…etc….


8 ku klux klan

8. Ku Klux Klan

  • A southern secret society organization that terrorized African Americans and anyone else that was sympathetic towards the Blacks.


9 literacy tests

9. Literacy Tests

  • Southern state tests designed to keep Blacks from voting….the tests were really really hard!


10 poll tax

10. Poll Tax

  • Southern state laws that required registered voters to pay to vote…kept the poor away from the polls. Texas had a poll tax.


11 sharecropping

11. Sharecropping

  • A white plantation owner would provide a Black man and his family with seeds, tools, and a shack to live in. The Blacks would then work the land and grow the crops….then they would sell them and split the earnings….however, Blacks would go in debt with storeowners and could never leave the plantation.


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