Robert Kornreich, SAHI November 2005. SOCIOLOGY OF DISCOURSES ON RISK  RISK MANAGEMENT: COMMONSENSE  GOODSENSE

Robert Kornreich, SAHI November 2005. SOCIOLOGY OF DISCOURSES ON RISK RISK MANAGEMENT: COMMONSENSE GOODSENSE PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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2. EXAMPLES OF HEALTH ABOUT WHICH THERE ARE RISKS

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Robert Kornreich, SAHI November 2005. SOCIOLOGY OF DISCOURSES ON RISK RISK MANAGEMENT: COMMONSENSE GOODSENSE

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1. 1 Robert Kornreich, SAHI November 2005. SOCIOLOGY OF DISCOURSES ON RISK & RISK MANAGEMENT: COMMONSENSE & GOODSENSE Examples Definitions & examples Differing approaches Objective & subjective accounts Consensus & conflict accounts “Risk society”? Differing research methodologies Epistemological issues

2. 2 EXAMPLES OF HEALTH ABOUT WHICH THERE ARE RISKS & RISK MANAGEMENT=? heart disease depression stroke autism cancers dental health pregnancy sexual health back pain accidents (road, work, home).

3. 3 EXAMPLES OF RISK & PROGNOSTIC FACTORS=? smoking obesity unsafe sex poor driving skills social class, personal & family lifestyle race or/& ethnicity genetic inheritance sex or/& gender geographical location social & economic policies MAKERS/ CAUSES? MARKERS/ ASSOCIATIONS/ CO-RELATIONS?

4. 4 SOME DEFINITIONS - & EXAMPLES. RISK Probability. Hence generalisation; about populations; about “virtual” individual. (Nettleton, 1997)

5. 5 SOME DEFINITIONS - & EXAMPLES, cont... RISK MANAGEMENT Intervention: prevent; minimise; cope/ care; promote / develop healthy risks. (Nettleton, 1997)

6. 6 DISCOURSE ideas/ knowledge & feelings & behaviour/ practices caused by & causing power relations/ vested interests - which have partly objective existence and are partly social subjective constructions. (Nettleton, 1997)

7. 7 DIFFERING “APPROACHES” TO/ DISCOURSES OF RISK & RISK MANAGEMENT:

8. 8 DIFFERING “APPROACHES” TO/ DISCOURSES OF RISK & RISK MANAGEMENT, cont…

9. 9 DIFFERING “APPROACHES” TO/ DISCOURSES OF RISK & RISK MANAGEMENT, cont… Relevance of using only one approach?: Nature of INTEGRATED approach?: - and its relevance?: (Kornreich, 2005)

10. 10 ACCOUNTS/ DISCOURSES OF RISK & RISK MANANAGEMENT:

11. 11 ACCOUNTS/ DISCOURSES OF RISK & RISK MANANAGEMENT, cont… Nature & relevance of using only “CONSENSUS”/ “REGULATION” accounts? Nature & relevance of using only “CONFLICT”/ “RADICAL CHANGE” accounts? Relevance of USING BOTH? (Naidoo & Wills (2000), chap 5, pp.103-105; Nettleton, 1997)

12. 12 SOCIOLOGICAL ANALYSIS OF CURRENT HIGH SENSE OF RISK (“SCARE”, “PANIC”)… A “RISK EPIDEMIC/ SOCIETY”? Objectively justified due to decline in both collective support (State, community…) & competence of experts..? 2. Unjustified hysteria & paranoia regarding State and community support & the competence of experts - due to modernist unjustified desire for utopian control/ perfection/ certainty..? (Baggott, 2000, pp. 10-14; Nettleton, 1997)

13. 13 RESEARCH METHODOLOGIES/ DISCOURSES REGARDING RISK & RISK MANAGEMENT. 1. Standardised, extensive, on fixed amounts of risk situations & views = 2. Non-standardised, intensive, on fluid elements of risk situations & views= 1 = Quantitative; usually positivist/ scientific. 2 = Qualitative; usually social constructionist/ human studies.

14. 14 RESEARCH METHODOLOGIES/ DISCOURSES REGARDING RISK & RISK MANAGEMENT, cont. Relevance of using only quantitative; positivist/ scientific?: Relevance of using only qualitative; social constructionist/ human studies?: Relevance of using both? (Bowling, 2002)

15. 15 EPISTEMOLOGICAL (NATURE OF KNOWLEGE) ISSUES REGARDING RISK & RISK MANAGEMENT Unavoidable selection of info & action... Unavoidable prior theorising... Unavoidable social-moral-political-economic vested interests... Dangers of Commonsense... Importance of Goodsense… - at good-enough standard… (Bowling, 2002; Nettleton, 1997)

16. 16 YOUR BULLET POINT SUMMARIES OF THIS WORK: Examples of risk & risk management?: Definitions & examples?: Differing approaches/ discourses?: Objective & subjective discourses ?: Consensus & conflict discourses ?: “Risk society”?: Differing research methodologies?: Epistemological issues?:

17. 17 PREPARATION FOR NEXT SESSION. Please see handout on this.

18. 18 SAHI November 2005. SOCIOLOGY OF DISCOURSES ON RISK & RISK MANAGEMENT: COMMONSENSE & GOODSENSE REFERENCES & SUGGESTED READING Baggott, R (2000) Public Health. Policy & Politics. Macmillan, london Bowling, A (2002) Research methods in Health. Open University Daykin, N ( 2001) Sociology, in Naidoo, J & Wills, J, eds. Health Studies. Palgrave (Handout) Graham, H (1987) Women’s smoking and family health. Soc. Sci & Med. 25, 1 (Handout to some) Horizon (1991) Half-Hearted About Semi-Skimmed (Handout only TRANSCRIPT) Kornreich, R (2005) Differing Approaches to Health & Health Work. Uce. (Handout) Naidoo, J & Wills, J (2000) Health Promotion Nettleton, S 1997) Surveillance, health promotion & the formation of risk identity, in Siddell, M et al., eds. Debates & Dilemmas in Promoting Health. Macmillan, Houndsmills. Potts, L.K. (2004) An epidemiology of women’s lives: the environmental risk of breast cancer. Critical Public Health, 14, 2. (Handout to some)

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