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W. Bauer, MSU. Outline. NSAC Charge Undergraduates REU, CEU Ph.D. Production Overall numbers, trends, sub-fields, employment Diversity DNP Education Committee Projects Web-Based Courses Recommendations (Oakland town meetings). NSAC - Charge.

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W. Bauer, MSU


  • NSAC Charge

  • Undergraduates

    • REU, CEU

  • Ph.D. Production

    • Overall numbers, trends, sub-fields,employment

  • Diversity

  • DNP Education Committee

    • Projects

  • Web-Based Courses

  • Recommendations (Oakland town meetings)

Nsac charge

NSAC - Charge

  • Education of young scientists is central to the mission of both agencies and is integral to any vision of the future of the field. We ask NSAC to articulate the importance of education in nuclear science to academia, to medicine, to defense, to industry, and to government. We ask further that NSAC analyze the effectiveness and appropriateness of current graduate programs in nuclear science in preparing future generations of scientists, to articulate the role that the nuclear science research community presently plays in addressing broad educational needs of national concern, including diversity issues, along with strategies for strengthening these roles in a way that makes optimal use of the resources of the community.



Source: AIP

  • Physics bachelor’s have decreased for the last 15 years

  • Total college population has increased by 20% during that time

Us physics bachelor production

US Physics Bachelor Production



Ceu conference experience for undergraduates

CEU (Conference Experience for Undergraduates)

  • Since 1998

  • 60- 80 UG students attend DNP Fall Mtg.

  • Poster session with their research results

  • Support from NSF and DOE

  • Warren Rogers (Westmont College)

Ph d s


Nuclear physics ph d production

Nuclear Physics Ph.D. Production

Ph d production by sub field

Ph.D. Production by Sub-Field



Total Ph.D.s:


First year graduate students

First Year Graduate Students

  • Enrollment of first year graduate students in Physics has declined ~25% since early 91-92

  • Enrollment of first year US graduate students has declined ~40%

  • Total Ph.D. graduation rate started declining in 96, reflecting the first year enrollments

  • By 2005 expect at least 25% less Physics Ph.D. graduates then in 96

  • Trend likely to continue!

Source: 1998 AIP graduate students report

Where can students do experiments

Where can students do experiments?

  • 5 Major DOE labs:

    • Argonne National Laboratory, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Jefferson Lab, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Oak Ridge National Laboratory

  • Only 10 University labs left:

    • Florida State University, University of Kentucky, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Michigan State University, University of Notre Dame, Ohio State University, State University of New York at Stony Brook, Texas A&M University, University of Washington, Yale

  • Problem!

Who pays

Who pays?

  • The average time for a physics graduate student to obtain a Ph.D. is 6.1 years.

  • Federal grants provide ~ 45 % of the total financial support for physics doctoral students during that period.

  • Most of the remaining 55 % comes from other university resources.

Scientific productivity

Scientific Productivity

  • ~70% of all physics publications originate in academic institutions

  • For 1995-2000, A PROLA search of 4205 publications in PRC indicates that this is also true for nuclear science

  • J. Natowitz

Where do our graduates go

Where do our graduates go?

  • Recent examples of Ph.D.s at MSU-NSCL:

    • Mike Lisa (‘95): Prof., OSU

    • Joelle Murray (‘97): Prof.,Linfield College

    • Damian Handzy & Phil Zecher (‘96): Wall Street

    • Gerd Kortemeyer (‘97): Director, LITE

    • Stefan Hannuschke (‘96): Airline Industry

    • Sally Gaff (‘96): Ford Motor Company

    • John Kruse (‘99): Mayo Clinic

    • Chris Ramsell (‘99): KLA Technologies

    • Njema Frazier (‘96): Congressional Science Staff

Broad education => Diverse career paths

Female representation all physics

Female Representation, all Physics

% female

% female



in nuclear


work force

Example saturday morning physics

Example: Saturday Morning Physics

  • Florida State University

  • Every Saturday morning in the fall

  • For last 15 years

  • 200 high school students each time

Example science theatre

Example: Science Theatre

  • Michigan State University graduate student initiative

  • First physics, now all sciences

  • Concerned with science literacy in general public and in particular K-12

  • Perform physics demonstration shows for all audiences

Dnp education committee

DNP Education Committee

  • Members:Wolfgang Bauer, [email protected] McMahan, Past [email protected] Gould, DNP Exec. [email protected] [email protected] [email protected] [email protected] [email protected]

  • 2 research U, 2 small college, 3 national lab representatives

Nuclear science wall chart

Nuclear Science Wall Chart


Nuclear Science Division at LBNL, Contemporary Physics Education Project



mailto: [email protected]


National Nuclear Science Outreach/Education Database


Michigan State University


This program was established in 1988 and has been continuously funded by NSF's REU program since then. Each year, 20 undergraduate students have the opportunity to work on research at MSU ...


Name:W. Bauer

Email:[email protected]

Phone:517 333 6326

  • Web-input for database

  • Automatic creation of web site

  • Resource booklet in printed version


Web based courses

Web-based Courses

  • Problem: Many institutions have sub-critical nuclear physics groups

  • No advanced nuclear physics courses can be offered

  • Solution: Multi-institution web-based adv. undergrad. and graduate courses

  • Shared resources!

Relativistic heavy ion course

Relativistic Heavy-Ion Course

  • Craig Ogilvie, MIT (now Iowa State)

  • Participating Institutions: MIT, UCR, UIC, Ohio State, Kent State, MSU, Auckland

  • Video-conference Course, Fall 1998

  • CUseeMe technology

  • PowerPoint presentations

Oakland town meetings

Oakland Town Meetings

  • B. Balantekin, University of Wisconsin

  • W. Bauer, Michigan State University

  • N. Benczer-Koller, Rutgers University

  • J. A. Cizewski, Rutgers University

  • B. Clark, Ohio State University

  • D. Haase, North Carolina State University

  • K. Kemper, Florida State University

  • C. Mader, Hope College

  • R. McKeown, California Institute of Technology

  • M. McMahan, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

  • J. Natowitz, Texas A&M

  • W. Rogers, Westmont College



1. University-based research groups and laboratories are the lifeblood of our field.

The federal investment into the university infrastructure should be strengthened to take full advantage of the opportunities to immerse young scientists into frontier scientific environments and to train future generations of nuclear scientists for basic research and national needs.

2. Science education and literacy are critical to the future of the nation.

Education and outreach activities to K-12 and society-at-large should be a required component of all new major institutional research proposals. Federal funding agencies should identify additional resources to help fund these essential additional activities.



3. The social diversity in the nation should be reflected in its scientific work force.

Efforts to recruit, train and retain underrepresented elements of the work force into the study of science must be increased at all levels of education, research and funding.

4. Establishment of a DOE/NSF funded “Educational Fellowship”

Modeled after the APS “Congressional Fellowship” program, designed to encourage and support interested scientists to develop new educational initiatives at all levels.

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