The impact of computers on the achievement of special needs students
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The impact of computers on the achievement of special needs students. By: Jessica Krauss. Research Purpose:.

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The impact of computers on the achievement of special needs students

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The impact of computers on the achievement of special needs students

The impact of computers on the achievement of special needs students

By: Jessica Krauss


Research purpose

Research Purpose:

The purpose of this study is to determine how academic achievement may be effected among special needs students who have computers integrated into their curriculum and those who do not have computers integrated into their curriculum.


Sub problems

Sub-Problems:

  • What is meant by “special needs students”?

  • How much computer time is needed?

  • Is assistive technology included in this study?


Hypothesis

Hypothesis:

There will be a significant difference in academic achievement among special need children who have computers integrated into their daily curriculum and those who do not have computers integrated into their daily curriculum.


Relevance to education

Relevance to Education:

This study is relevant to education because of the current movement

in computers today. More and more students with special needs are

using computers. Computer instruction should focus on meaningful comprehension. Computer use should foster active involvement and stimulate thinking (Bowe, 1994). It is important to know and analyze student progress in relation to computer use. Technology refers to instructional approaches that are very well defined objectives,

precise instructional procedures based upon the tasks that the students

are required to learn and careful monitoring of students performance (Blackhurst, 1997). This study is also relevant to help determine

some positive and negative aspects of computer use

with special needs students.


Hypothesis1

Hypothesis:

  • Research Hypothesis: There will be an impact on special needs student’s achievement due to computer usage.

  • Operational Hypothesis: There will be an impact on the achievement of special needs students due to computer use according to various classroom assessments.

  • Null Hypothesis: There will not be a significant impact on achievement due to computer usage.


Significance of study

Significance of Study:

Many schools have several ways of assessing students with special needs. To many people, the term “technology” conjures up visions of computer and other related “high-tech” devices that are viewed as being very expensive and very complicated to use. Often, such perspectives focus solely on hardware and equipment and overlook the role of procedures that relate to the delivery of technology services but do not involve the use of equipment or devices. Throughout this study, the delivery of special education services and the use of technology in supporting special education will be observed and described. During this study, special needs students who use technology in their daily curriculum and those who do not will be observed and tested on their academic achievement. This study will determine the effect of computers on the academic achievement of special needs students.


Review of literature

Review of Literature:

I.Effects of technology on student achievement

The level of effectiveness of education is influenced by:

A. Specific student population

B. Software design

C. Educator’s Role

D. How students are grouped

E. Level of student access to technology

II. Effects of Technology on student-concept and attitude about learning

A. Recent Studies

B. Self-concept

III. Benefits of computer-based instruction

A. Standardized test scores

B. Instant feedback


Variables

Variables:

  • Independent Variable:

    Special Needs Students

  • Dependent Variables:

    Computers

    Academic Achievement

  • Confounding Variables:

    Teacher training

    Age of students

    What grades will be compared

    Location of study

    Length of study

    Sample size

    Academic standing of each student


Ethical concerns

Ethical Concerns:

This study will take place in education classrooms, which means the following ethnical concerns must be addressed:

  • Guarantee of the subjects individual privacy

  • Informed consent of subject’s parents/guardians

  • Providing participants with information about the study

  • Minimizing interferes with the students daily routine will be kept to a minimum

  • Reporting of results


Funding

Funding:

  • The Spencer Foundation

    875 North Michigan Ave.

    Suite 3930

    Chicago, IL 60611

  • Education-Research Grants Program

    U.S. Dept. Of Ed

    555 New Jersey Ave.

    Suite 627

    Washington, DC 20208


References

References:

Berman, B. (1997). The Effectiveness of Using Technology on k-12 Education: A Preliminary Framework and Review.

Washington, D.C.: American Institutes for Research

Blackhurst, E. (1997). Perspectives about technology in Special Education. University of Kentucky Assistive Technology Project

Bowe, F.C. (1994). Personal Computers and Special Needs.

Berkely, CA: Sybex

Sherry, L. (2001). Assessing the impact of Instructional Technology on Student Achievement. Council Bluffs, IA: Council Bluffs Community Schools Website


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