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NSF Directorate for Engineering Division of Chemical, Bioengineering, Environmental, and Transport Systems ( CBET ). Highlights of CBET Cluster on Environmental Engineering & Sustainability. Presented by Ram B. Gupta* Paper 112f, NSF Workshop 1 2011 AIChE Annual Meeting, October 17, 2011

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Nsf directorate for engineering

NSF Directorate for Engineering

Division of Chemical, Bioengineering, Environmental, and Transport Systems (CBET)

Highlights of CBET Cluster on Environmental Engineering & Sustainability

Presented by Ram B. Gupta*

Paper 112f, NSF Workshop 1

2011 AIChE Annual Meeting, October 17, 2011

*Program Director, Energy for Sustainability, [email protected]


Nsf directorate for engineering

National Science Foundation|Directorate for Engineering

Chemical, Bioengineering, Environmental,

and Transport Systems Division(CBET)

1 October 2011

Deputy Division Director

Bob Wellek

Division Director

John McGrath

Senior Advisor

Marshall Lih

Chemical, Biochemical,

& Biotechnology Systems

Bioengineering and

Engineering Healthcare

Environmental Engineering

& Sustainability

Transport &

Thermal Fluids

Biotechnology, Biochemical,

and Biomass Engrg – 1491

Theresa Good

Biomedical

Engineering - 5345

SemahatDemir/Kaiming Ye

Energy for

Sustainability - 7644

Ram Gupta/Geoff Prentice

Combustion, Fire, &

Plasma Systems - 1407

ArvindAtreya

Catalysis and

Biocatalysis – 1401

George Antos

Biophotonics - 7236

Leon Esterowitz

Environmental

Engineering - 1440

Debra Reinhart/Geoff Prentice

Fluid Dynamics - 1443

Henning Winter

Chemical & Biological

Separations - 1417

Rose Wesson

Biosensing - 7909

Alex Simonian

Environmental Health & Safety

of Nanotechnology - 1179

Barbara Karn

Interfacial Processes &

Thermodynamics - 1414

Bob Wellek

Process and Reaction

Engineering - 1403

Maria Burka

General & Age Related

Disabilities Engrng - 5342

Ted Conway

Environmental

Sustainability - 7643

Bruce Hamilton

Particulate & Multiphase

Processes - 1415

Ashok Sangani

1406 – Thermal

Transport Processes

Sumanta Acharya

2


Nsf directorate for engineering

CBET Environmental Engineering &

Sustainability Cluster: Programs

Sustainable Technologies

Environmental

Health & Safety

of Nanotechnology

Barbara Karn

Environmental Impacts

Energy for

Sustainability*

Ram B. Gupta

Environmental

Sustainability

Bruce Hamilton

Environmental

Engineering*

Debra Reinhart

*Geoff Prentice, Co-Director

3


Nsf directorate for engineering

Budget FY 2011- Approximately $32.4 Million

Description

Total Proposals Reviewed

Unsolicited (900 Proposals)

CAREER (110 Proposals)

SNM/IDR

GOALI (11 proposals)

Workshop/Conferences

Supplements (REU, etc.)

CGIs

Co-Funded Awards (secondary role)

Other

# of Awards

1073

87

15

5

3

30

41

- -

20

- -

Total Dollars

- - -

$19,575,388

$4,748,124

$ 625,750

$715,201

$582,307

$507,991

$3,767,769

$889.959

$707,818

4


Nsf directorate for engineering

Environmental Health and Safety of Nanotechnology:Barbara Karn

Program Description: supports fundamental research to develop and test the effects of nanomaterials on the environment and biological systems

Sample Award

Cellular and Biomolecular Interactions with Graphene-Family Nanomaterials

Robert Hurt

Brown University

(CBET 1132446)

5


Nsf directorate for engineering

Copper Nanoparticle Interactions

with Nitrogen-Cycling Bacteria

Shaily Mahendra and M. Stenstrom, UCLA - CBET 1134355

Bacterial nitrogen cycle

Copper in natural waters

Do copper NPs selectively affect the population, diversity, and activity of bacterial communities involved in nitrogen cycling based on the specific nature of NP-cell interactions (ionic copper uptake versus NP uptake; external versus internal dissolution followed by ROS generation and membrane/DNA/ATP damage; etc.)?

Mechanisms for cell damage

6


Nsf directorate for engineering

Environmental Health & Safety

of Nanotechnology Program

Budget FY 2011- Approximately $4.5 Million

Description

Total Proposals Reviewed

Unsolicited (118 Proposals)

CAREER (4 Proposals)

Workshop/Conferences

Supplements (REU, etc.)

CGIs

Co-Funded Awards (secondary)

Other

# of Awards

125

15

1

2

6

4

4

Total Dollars

- - -

$3,801,804

$75,603

$56,391

$93,302

$294,379

$38,810

$93,418

7


Nsf directorate for engineering

Environmental Sustainability:

Bruce Hamilton

Program Description

This program funds engineering research with the goal of advancing sustainable engineered systems that support human well-being and that are also compatible with sustaining natural (environmental) systems.

8


Nsf directorate for engineering

Short-term Priority Areas

Biofuels Sustainability

The Water-Energy Nexus

Dynamic LCA (including direct and

indirect land use factors)

Electronics Component Materials

Recycle-Reuse-Sustainability

Sustainable IT (“Green IT”)

9


Nsf directorate for engineering

Long-term Priority Areas

Complex Systems and Global

Environmental Problems

(includes climate change)

Scale Effects in the Analysis of

Sustainability of Complex Environmental

Systems(“Earth Systems Engineering”)

Sustainable Water Resources in a

Changing Environment(includes

the water-energy nexus)

10


Nsf directorate for engineering

Integrating Green Roofs and Photovoltaic Arrays

Carl Wamser, David Sailor, Todd Rosenstiel

Portland State University - CBET-0853933

Thermal properties of the green roofs (GRIPV) show low thermal

conductivity and high heat capacity versus different models.

Photovoltaic power output is very sensitive to temperature

effects, as expected for silicon photovoltaic materials.

11

  • Ongoing work is aimed at understanding interactions between green roof functions and photovoltaic functions.

  • The working hypothesis is that each system will function at least as well even when the two are integrated.

Green roof pans with mixed plant matter are much more effective than sedum in retaining moisture from storm events.


Nsf directorate for engineering

Environmental Sustainability Program Budget FY 2011 - Approximately $5.7 Million

Description

Total Proposals Reviewed

Unsolicited (149 Proposals)

CAREER (29 Proposals)

EAGER/RAPID

IDR (5 proposals)

Workshop/Conferences

Supplements (REU, etc.)

CGIs

Co-Funded Awards (secondary role)

Other

# of Awards

200

15

5

3

4

10

8

- -

10

- -

Total Dollars

- - -

$1,750,987

$1,352,794

$104,784

$225,750

$277,013

$112,959

$1,323,324

$413,149

$132,079

12


Environmental engineering program directors debra reinhart geoff prentice

Environmental Engineering ProgramDirectors: Debra Reinhart & Geoff Prentice

The Environmental Engineering program supports

fundamental research and educational activities

across the broad field of environmental engineering

with the goals of:

Encouraging transformative research to minimize solid, liquid, and

gaseous discharges into land, inland and coastal waters, and air,

Evaluating adverse impacts of these discharges on human health

and environmental quality, 

Fostering cutting-edge scientific research for identifying,

evaluating, and developing new methods and technologies for assessing the waste assimilative capacity of the natural environment, and

Fostering environmental sustainability through pollution control and resource management/conservation, and development of techniques to minimize or avoid generating pollution.

13


Nsf directorate for engineering

Emphasis areasin the

Environmental Engineering program

Pollutant Fate/Transformation

Environmental fate and reaction kinetics

concerning the persistence of antibiotics,

pharmaceuticals, personal-care products, and

other emerging contaminants in the

environment

Nano-technology in Environmental Engineering

Applications of nano-materials in water and

wastewater treatment, air pollution control,

and ground-water remediation; environmental

and health implications of nano-materials

14


Nsf directorate for engineering

Emphasis areasin the

Environmental Engineering program

Biotechnology in Environmental Engineering

 Innovative coupling of physical-chemical

and microbial processes

Information Technology in Environmental Engrg

 Development of advanced sensors and data

acquisition systems, internet-based data

sharing and information processing

Complex Environmental Systems

Ability to model and predict across a wide

range of spatial and temporal scales;

real-time measurement and management

15


Nsf directorate for engineering

Soot and Char-Catalyzed Destruction of Persistent Organic Pollutants in Sediments by Sulfides

William Mitch – Yale University

Among the most important environmental contaminants are Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs), a class of pollutants that resist degradation, including legacy contaminants like PCBs and a range of similar compounds still under production.  These hydrophobic compounds accumulate in sediments within estuaries (Figure 1), the nursery for important fisheries, and magnify in the fatty tissues of organisms at the top of the food chain.

Researchers from Yale University have demonstrated that sorption to black carbons of two military explosives, nitroglycerin and RDX, significantly increases their destruction rates in the presence of sulfides.  This research highlights the capacity of black carbons to catalyze the destruction of sorbed contaminants, and seeks to understand the underlying causes at a fundamental level.   

Highlight ID: 21645 CBET-0747735

Figure 1.Structure of PBDEs.

Figure 1.

Image Credit: NASA http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/IOTD/view.php?id=1257

16


Nsf directorate for engineering

Environmental Engineering Program

Budget FY 2011 - Approximately $10.3 Million

Description

Total Proposals Reviewed

Unsolicited (273 Proposals)

CAREER (46 Proposals)

GOALI (6 Proposals)

Workshop/Conferences

Supplements (REU, etc.)

Continuing Grant Increments

Co-Funded Awards (secondary role)

Other

# of Awards

335

28

6

2

4

13

--

1

--

Total Dollars

- - -

$5,955,330

$2,319,716

$535,203

$40,479

$100,324

$1,139,512

$25,000

$199,804

17


Nsf directorate for engineering

Energy for SustainabilityProgram Directors: Ram B. Gupta & Geoff Prentice

Program Description: supports innovative research & education for the sustainable production of electricity and transportation fuels. Processes must be environmentally benign, reduce greenhouse gases, and utilize renewable or bio-based resources.

Biofuels &

Bioenergy

Solar Energy

Wind &

Wave Energy

18


Nsf directorate for engineering

ENG/CBET Energy for Sustainability Program: Current Emphasis Areas

Metabolic

Engineering

for Biofuels

Microbial

Fuel Cells

Algae for

Biofuels

Bio H2

Biofuels &

Bioenergy

Thermocatalytic

Biomass Conversion

to Liquid Fuels

Lignocellulose

Bio-Conversion

Batteries*

for

Transportation

Renewable Energy

Production Technologies

Wind *

Energy

Wave/Tidal

Hydrokinetic

Energy

Solar

Photovoltaics

Photocatalysis

(solar fuels)

Photonic/

Plasmonics

for PV

Nanostructured

Semiconductors

for PV

Polymer/

Organic PV

*Geoffrey A. Prentice

19


Nsf directorate for engineering

Measurements and Modeling of Multiple Wake Interactions in Large Wind Farms

Barthelmie/Pryor, Indiana University, CBET - 1067007

Objectives

  • Reduce uncertainty in modeling wind turbine wake losses

  • Optimize power output and layout for large wind farms

For a narrow range of wind speeds/directions:

Highlights

For large on- and offshore wind farms:

  • Wind farm measurement with lidar

  • Access and analyze wind farm data

  • iii) Develop new wind farm model

Nysted

10.5 D

Horns Rev

7 D

Reference: Barthelmie, Hansen & Pryor 2011. Submitted to IEEE Special Issue on Marine Energy and Environments Sep 2011. ID 0176-SIP-2011-PIEEE.

20


Nsf directorate for engineering

Modular Construction of Nanostructured Catalysts

for Solar Hydrogen Generation from Water

Frank E. Osterloh, University of California, Davis, CBET 0829142

F. A. Frame, et al. JACS 2011

T. K. Townsend, EES 2011

21


Nsf directorate for engineering

Energy for Sustainability Program

Budget FY 2011 - Approximately $11.9 Million

Total Dollars

- - -

$8,167,267

$1,000,011

$400,000

$179,998

$208,424

$201,406

$1,010,554

$413,000

$282,517

Description

Total Proposals Reviewed

Unsolicited (360 Proposals)

CAREER (31 Proposals)

SNM

GOALI (5 proposals)

Workshop/Conferences

Supplements (REU, etc.)

CGIs

Co-Funded Awards (secondary role)

Other

# of Awards

413

32

3

1

1

14

14

- -

5

- -

22


Nsf directorate for engineering

CBET Environmental Engineering &

Sustainability Cluster: Contacts

Environmental

Health & Safety

of Nanotechnology

[email protected]

Barbara Karn

Energy for

Sustainability

[email protected]

Ram B. Gupta

Sustainable Technologies

Environmental Impacts

Environmental

Sustainability

[email protected]

Bruce Hamilton

Environmental

Engineering

[email protected]

Debra Reinhart

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