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工业节能. 组长:李傲 组员:栗山采樺 元东吉 龚旭城 宋时华 朴贤绪 陈博. 工业节能定义. 我国工业节能现状. 工业节能的发展展望. 工业节能定义. 工业是中国经济建设中的一个主要产业。 消耗的能源约占中国全部消耗能源的 70% 左右。 工业产值占 GDP 约为 44% ( 2006 ),工业经济总规模已居世界第四位;钢材,水泥,化肥等工业产品,生产规模和产量已连续多年居世界第一位; 工业涉及范围广,有些工业部门是能源消耗大户,如钢铁工业,冶金工业,建材工业;有些是能源转换加工企业,如石油石化工业中的炼油企业,能源工业中的煤炭加工企业,火力(热力)发电等。.

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工业节能

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5811462


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70%

GDP44%2006


5811462


5811462

  • 198020083.391.103.22%


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2015201018%18%18%20%20%22%20%20%18%


5811462


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,,


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  • 200515.95201024200570.9%201073%200571.3%201077%


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  • 840%22.5%21.4%65%31.2%120%


5811462

  • 65%1520

  • 87%75%520


5811462


5811462


5811462

n

n

n


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BP2006

4065

162


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36.9%

200510.9%2004

14.4%

20051.8%101.5%

19930.45%

11.5%2010

202060%


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5811462


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5811462

2GDP762.80.361.86

33%10840%873%

80%31.60.9


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11459845901623314302.626.310%5%57%


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GDP1620051.22

2080GDP4%20041990GDP45%711%29%21.9%

GDP

17


5811462

GDPGDP GDP

GDPGDPGDPGDP


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2010GDP20%5GDP4.4%

20%820%13 %


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199520021995509/1999469/2000467/2001464/2002455/

200619645.57/6.86%;625,85/6.37%

10%10


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140%115450%


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50g/kWh 30kW4~12g/kWh4~12g/kWh60kW20~23g/kWh28~39g/kWh

2.0~2.5350kWh

40~50%15m


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27.6%25%15%~20%20%20%15%


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20044001501055%95%

455~610~15

22030


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201050%65%25%15%10%

202075%65%

50%1.650%0.68CO2.43501.35


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200010.0320056.663.3733.6%


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5


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1995

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

t

47591

59700

66400

72500

86200

97000

107000

tce

8331

10030

10433

11774

13723

15132

15738

kgce/t

133

128

125

122

119

116

100

(kWh/t)

104

102

101

100

100

99

100

(kgce/t)

175

108

166

162

159

156

153

500060%515%~20%


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kJ/kg

2842

2970

2970

3344~3762

(kWh/t)

85

95~100

90~95

110

(MPa)

70

65

62

58

%

95

85

90

80

t/.a

15000~20000

8000~10000

5000~10000

1000~2000

mg/Nm2

20~30

50

50

100

NO2mg/Nm2

200

<500

500

1200

SO2mg/Nm2

50

<200

200

400

mg/Nm2

0.6

1.5


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kgce/ m2

kgce/t

kJ/kg

kJ/kg

>14651

62790~79580

2.5~15

400~1800

8372~12558

20930~41860

2930~6279

6280~16740

0.77~6.42

258~476

1256~4186

8350~8370


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65%10~15%15~20%4000/


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2010~2020

2010~2020

2005~2010

2010~2015

2015~2000

65%

72%

75%

tce)

2004

0.176

0.389

0.533

tce

0.176

0.222

0.160

68%

72%

75%

3.6MW,15%

3.3MW,20%

3.1MW,25%

tce

2004

0.176

0.472

0.728

tce

0.176

0.254

0.174

2010~2020


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:

232020254221.28


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202024323389800080%

19952.3320101.2520300.4520500.2570%~80%20%~30%


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20


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3-1

3-1


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1

125~10%3

115~25%2345


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1

123

12

123

  • 4


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1---

2---

3---

4---

5---

6---


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1.

1


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2


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3


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TSC897/252


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2.

  • 10204060

  • 3540%

  • 70

  • 3040


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1

Linnhoff,


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2

1

-

T0-

T1-


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  • 3-49


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3-49


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(CDQ)


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