Module 5 – Pediatric Cardiac Disorders. Revised, Summer 2008. Fetal Circulation. Changes in Circulation. Umbilical cord clamped Pulmonary Pressure Pulmonary resistance. Critical thinking:. When are most cardiac anomalies discovered?
Module 5 – Pediatric Cardiac Disorders
Revised, Summer 2008
Congestive Heart Failure
How do you know when something is wrong?
Congenital Cardiac Anomalies
What is most common indication of a congenital heart defect?
Blood shunts from aorta (left) to the pulmonary artery (right)
Returns to the lungs causing increase pressure in the lung
Congestive heart failure
During cardiac catheterization the occluder is placed in the
Surgical repair with a patch inserted
Obstructive or Stenotic Defects
decreases blood flow
a. Tissue oxygen need
b. Low iron level
C. Low blood pressure
Survival depends upon mixing of blood from pulmonic and systemic circulation
Aorta arises from the right ventricle, and the pulmonary artery arises from the left ventricle –
not compatible with survival unless there is a large defect present in ventricular or atrial septum.
DX: Alteration in cardiac output: decrease R/T heart malformation
Goal: Child will maintain adequate cardiac output AEB:
Acquired Cardiac Diseases
Mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome
Infectious disease involving abnormal cardiac tissue: