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Outcome-based Education: Thai Experience @ PSU. Arnuparp Lekhakula M.D.,M.S. Faculty of Medicine Prince of Songkla University Hat Yai, Songkhla, Thailand. The 6 th Annual ThaiPOD National Conference 28-29 July 2011. What is Outcome-Based Education (OBE)?.

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The 6 th Annual ThaiPOD National Conference 28-29 July 2011

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The 6 th annual thaipod national conference 28 29 july 2011

Outcome-based Education:

Thai Experience @ PSU

Arnuparp Lekhakula M.D.,M.S.

Faculty of Medicine

Prince of Songkla University

Hat Yai, Songkhla, Thailand

The 6th Annual ThaiPOD National Conference

28-29 July 2011


The 6 th annual thaipod national conference 28 29 july 2011

What is Outcome-Based Education (OBE)?

  • Product defines the process (Cohen, 1944)

  • ‘What is a graduate?’ (McNeir, 1993)

The 6th Annual ThaiPOD National Conference

28-29 July 2011


The 6 th annual thaipod national conference 28 29 july 2011

Four Main Charactertistics of OBE

(Terry 1996)

  • Outcomes are clearly identified.

  • Achievement determines progress.

  • Multiple instructional strategies and authentic

  • assessment tools are used.

  • Students are given time and assistance to

  • reach their potential.

The 6th Annual ThaiPOD National Conference

28-29 July 2011


The 6 th annual thaipod national conference 28 29 july 2011

Does

Professional authenticity

Knows how

Knows

Shows how

Does

Shows how

Knows how

Knows

The 6th Annual ThaiPOD National Conference

28-29 July 2011


The 6 th annual thaipod national conference 28 29 july 2011

Implementing OBE

  • A totally new curriculum with no historical

  • background

  • Adaptation of established curriculum

  • Traditional model: curriculum design >>

  • >>> ?outcomes

  • OBE: outcomes>>>>curriculum design

The 6th Annual ThaiPOD National Conference

28-29 July 2011


The 6 th annual thaipod national conference 28 29 july 2011

Getting Beyond Content:

21st Century Skills

  • Personal and social responsibility

  • Planning, critical thinking, reasoning and creativity

  • Strong communication skills, both for

  • interpersonal and presentation needs

  • Cross-cultural understanding

  • Visualizing and decision-making

  • Knowing how and when to use technology

  • and choose it

The 6th Annual ThaiPOD National Conference

28-29 July 2011


The 6 th annual thaipod national conference 28 29 july 2011

Medicine @ PSU

1972: Established according to the 3rd National

Economic and Education Development Plan

Started with traditional, discipline-based

6-year curriculum

1984: Minor changes with reduction of overall credits

1988: PBL concept was introduced and adopted

1990: PBL was firstly implemented by

incorporating into conventional curriculum

1995: Prepare to reform the new curriculumto

outcome-based curriculum with PBL model

1999: The new curriculum has been implemented

The 6th Annual ThaiPOD National Conference

28-29 July 2011


The 6 th annual thaipod national conference 28 29 july 2011

Care Provider

Communicator

Problem-solver

Five-star Doctor

(WHO)

Manager

Community leader

The 6th Annual ThaiPOD National Conference

28-29 July 2011


The 6 th annual thaipod national conference 28 29 july 2011

Recommendations

  • WFME/Global minimal requirements

  • The National Educational Acts

  • Institute of Educational Standards and Quality Accreditation

  • The Ministry of Education

  • Standards of the Medical Council of Thailand

  • 8th National Conference of Medical Education

  • Institutional Philosophy

The 6th Annual ThaiPOD National Conference

28-29 July 2011


The 6 th annual thaipod national conference 28 29 july 2011

Medicine @ PSU:

Philosophy and Value

  • Learning-centered education

  • Integrated problem-based education

  • Community-oriented education

  • Evidence-based education

  • Technology supported learning and teaching

  • Valuing faculty, staff and partners

The 6th Annual ThaiPOD National Conference

28-29 July 2011


The 6 th annual thaipod national conference 28 29 july 2011

MD-PSU Graduate:

9 Competencies

  • Professional knowledge and skills

  • Professional ethics and attitude

  • Critical appraisal and Problem-solving skills

  • Self-directed lifelong learning skill

  • Communication and Information skill

  • Community awareness and care

  • Teamwork skill

  • Management skill

  • Social and life skills

The 6th Annual ThaiPOD National Conference

28-29 July 2011


The 6 th annual thaipod national conference 28 29 july 2011

Curriculum Grid: OBE

The 6th Annual ThaiPOD National Conference

28-29 July 2011


The 6 th annual thaipod national conference 28 29 july 2011

I

Professional

Competence

II

Competence

In Bioethics

III

Social and

Life skills

IV

Holistic Care


The 6 th annual thaipod national conference 28 29 july 2011

Curriculum Conceptual Framework

  • Integration : horizontal & vertical

  • Problem-based learning

  • Relevant ‘core’ knowledge

  • Early clinical experiences

  • Student-centered learning process

  • Task-based/Work-based learning

The 6th Annual ThaiPOD National Conference

28-29 July 2011


The 6 th annual thaipod national conference 28 29 july 2011

Thai Qualification Framework (TQF)

  • Ethical and Moral Development

  • Knowledge

  • Cognitive Skills

  • Interpersonal Skills and Responsibility

  • Analytical, Communication and Information Technology Skills

  • Practical Skills

The 6th Annual ThaiPOD National Conference

28-29 July 2011


The 6 th annual thaipod national conference 28 29 july 2011

Thai Qualification Framework (TQF)

The 6th Annual ThaiPOD National Conference

28-29 July 2011


The 6 th annual thaipod national conference 28 29 july 2011

Thai Qualification Framework (TQF)

The 6th Annual ThaiPOD National Conference

28-29 July 2011


The 6 th annual thaipod national conference 28 29 july 2011

Outcome Specification

Bioethics and Professionalism

  • Behave in ways that demonstrate confidentiality, integrity, truthfulness and respect towards patients and colleagues

  • Deal compassionately and sensitivity with dying patients and their relatives

  • Listen dispassionately to complaints, seek expert independent advice, and respond constructively

  • Demonstrate an ethic and moral

  • approach

  • Display appropriate attitudes

  • and behaviour

  • Recognise and respond to legal

  • responsibilities

  • Be aware of human right issues

The 6th Annual ThaiPOD National Conference

28-29 July 2011


The 6 th annual thaipod national conference 28 29 july 2011

Curriculum Administration

SubjectCommittee

The 6th Annual ThaiPOD National Conference

28-29 July 2011


The 6 th annual thaipod national conference 28 29 july 2011

Outcome-Based Curriculum Mapping

Curriculum content

& structure

Instructional Delivery

Defined by

Focused on

Exit Outcomes

Evaluated on

Organized around

Student Assessment

& Credentialling

Student Placement

& Advancement

The 6th Annual ThaiPOD National Conference

28-29 July 2011


The 6 th annual thaipod national conference 28 29 july 2011

Advantage of Outcome-Based Curriculum

  • Making explicit the outcome expected

  • Transparency and accountability

  • Identifying potential solution of the gap

  • Facilitating integration of previous

  • discipline-based departments

  • Facilitating greater student autonomy

  • Encourage curriculum development and

  • refinement

The 6th Annual ThaiPOD National Conference

28-29 July 2011


The 6 th annual thaipod national conference 28 29 july 2011

Lesson Learned

  • Vision and philosophy

  • Full dean’s support

  • Learn from the experience of others

  • Build on/evolve previous local ground

  • Promote faculty ownership and commitment

  • Listen to those who are opposed

  • Leadership

The 6th Annual ThaiPOD National Conference

28-29 July 2011


The 6 th annual thaipod national conference 28 29 july 2011

Lesson Learned

  • Publicize the change and communicate widely

  • Continuation

  • Evidence support

  • Provide support in dealing with difficulties

  • Start before everyone agrees

The 6th Annual ThaiPOD National Conference

28-29 July 2011


The 6 th annual thaipod national conference 28 29 july 2011

When the wind blows,

some build walls,

others build windmills.

Hawkin and Winter, 1997

The 6th Annual ThaiPOD National Conference

28-29 July 2011


The 6 th annual thaipod national conference 28 29 july 2011

Thank you for

your kind attention

The 6th Annual ThaiPOD National Conference

28-29 July 2011


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