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Outcome-based Education: Thai Experience @ PSU. Arnuparp Lekhakula M.D.,M.S. Faculty of Medicine Prince of Songkla University Hat Yai, Songkhla, Thailand. The 6 th Annual ThaiPOD National Conference 28-29 July 2011. What is Outcome-Based Education (OBE)?.

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slide1

Outcome-based Education:

Thai Experience @ PSU

Arnuparp Lekhakula M.D.,M.S.

Faculty of Medicine

Prince of Songkla University

Hat Yai, Songkhla, Thailand

The 6th Annual ThaiPOD National Conference

28-29 July 2011

slide2

What is Outcome-Based Education (OBE)?

  • Product defines the process (Cohen, 1944)
  • ‘What is a graduate?’ (McNeir, 1993)

The 6th Annual ThaiPOD National Conference

28-29 July 2011

slide3

Four Main Charactertistics of OBE

(Terry 1996)

  • Outcomes are clearly identified.
  • Achievement determines progress.
  • Multiple instructional strategies and authentic
  • assessment tools are used.
  • Students are given time and assistance to
  • reach their potential.

The 6th Annual ThaiPOD National Conference

28-29 July 2011

slide4

Does

Professional authenticity

Knows how

Knows

Shows how

Does

Shows how

Knows how

Knows

The 6th Annual ThaiPOD National Conference

28-29 July 2011

slide5

Implementing OBE

  • A totally new curriculum with no historical
  • background
  • Adaptation of established curriculum
  • Traditional model: curriculum design >>
  • >>> ?outcomes
  • OBE: outcomes>>>>curriculum design

The 6th Annual ThaiPOD National Conference

28-29 July 2011

slide6

Getting Beyond Content:

21st Century Skills

  • Personal and social responsibility
  • Planning, critical thinking, reasoning and creativity
  • Strong communication skills, both for
  • interpersonal and presentation needs
  • Cross-cultural understanding
  • Visualizing and decision-making
  • Knowing how and when to use technology
  • and choose it

The 6th Annual ThaiPOD National Conference

28-29 July 2011

slide7

Medicine @ PSU

1972: Established according to the 3rd National

Economic and Education Development Plan

Started with traditional, discipline-based

6-year curriculum

1984: Minor changes with reduction of overall credits

1988: PBL concept was introduced and adopted

1990: PBL was firstly implemented by

incorporating into conventional curriculum

1995: Prepare to reform the new curriculumto

outcome-based curriculum with PBL model

1999: The new curriculum has been implemented

The 6th Annual ThaiPOD National Conference

28-29 July 2011

slide8

Care Provider

Communicator

Problem-solver

Five-star Doctor

(WHO)

Manager

Community leader

The 6th Annual ThaiPOD National Conference

28-29 July 2011

slide9

Recommendations

  • WFME/Global minimal requirements
  • The National Educational Acts
  • Institute of Educational Standards and Quality Accreditation
  • The Ministry of Education
  • Standards of the Medical Council of Thailand
  • 8th National Conference of Medical Education
  • Institutional Philosophy

The 6th Annual ThaiPOD National Conference

28-29 July 2011

slide10

Medicine @ PSU:

Philosophy and Value

  • Learning-centered education
  • Integrated problem-based education
  • Community-oriented education
  • Evidence-based education
  • Technology supported learning and teaching
  • Valuing faculty, staff and partners

The 6th Annual ThaiPOD National Conference

28-29 July 2011

slide11

MD-PSU Graduate:

9 Competencies

  • Professional knowledge and skills
  • Professional ethics and attitude
  • Critical appraisal and Problem-solving skills
  • Self-directed lifelong learning skill
  • Communication and Information skill
  • Community awareness and care
  • Teamwork skill
  • Management skill
  • Social and life skills

The 6th Annual ThaiPOD National Conference

28-29 July 2011

slide12

Curriculum Grid: OBE

The 6th Annual ThaiPOD National Conference

28-29 July 2011

slide13

I

Professional

Competence

II

Competence

In Bioethics

III

Social and

Life skills

IV

Holistic Care

slide14

Curriculum Conceptual Framework

  • Integration : horizontal & vertical
  • Problem-based learning
  • Relevant ‘core’ knowledge
  • Early clinical experiences
  • Student-centered learning process
  • Task-based/Work-based learning

The 6th Annual ThaiPOD National Conference

28-29 July 2011

slide16

Thai Qualification Framework (TQF)

  • Ethical and Moral Development
  • Knowledge
  • Cognitive Skills
  • Interpersonal Skills and Responsibility
  • Analytical, Communication and Information Technology Skills
  • Practical Skills

The 6th Annual ThaiPOD National Conference

28-29 July 2011

slide17

Thai Qualification Framework (TQF)

The 6th Annual ThaiPOD National Conference

28-29 July 2011

slide18

Thai Qualification Framework (TQF)

The 6th Annual ThaiPOD National Conference

28-29 July 2011

slide19

Outcome Specification

Bioethics and Professionalism

  • Behave in ways that demonstrate confidentiality, integrity, truthfulness and respect towards patients and colleagues
  • Deal compassionately and sensitivity with dying patients and their relatives
  • Listen dispassionately to complaints, seek expert independent advice, and respond constructively
  • Demonstrate an ethic and moral
  • approach
  • Display appropriate attitudes
  • and behaviour
  • Recognise and respond to legal
  • responsibilities
  • Be aware of human right issues

The 6th Annual ThaiPOD National Conference

28-29 July 2011

slide20

Curriculum Administration

SubjectCommittee

The 6th Annual ThaiPOD National Conference

28-29 July 2011

slide21

Outcome-Based Curriculum Mapping

Curriculum content

& structure

Instructional Delivery

Defined by

Focused on

Exit Outcomes

Evaluated on

Organized around

Student Assessment

& Credentialling

Student Placement

& Advancement

The 6th Annual ThaiPOD National Conference

28-29 July 2011

slide22

Advantage of Outcome-Based Curriculum

  • Making explicit the outcome expected
  • Transparency and accountability
  • Identifying potential solution of the gap
  • Facilitating integration of previous
  • discipline-based departments
  • Facilitating greater student autonomy
  • Encourage curriculum development and
  • refinement

The 6th Annual ThaiPOD National Conference

28-29 July 2011

slide23

Lesson Learned

  • Vision and philosophy
  • Full dean’s support
  • Learn from the experience of others
  • Build on/evolve previous local ground
  • Promote faculty ownership and commitment
  • Listen to those who are opposed
  • Leadership

The 6th Annual ThaiPOD National Conference

28-29 July 2011

slide24

Lesson Learned

  • Publicize the change and communicate widely
  • Continuation
  • Evidence support
  • Provide support in dealing with difficulties
  • Start before everyone agrees

The 6th Annual ThaiPOD National Conference

28-29 July 2011

slide25

When the wind blows,

some build walls,

others build windmills.

Hawkin and Winter, 1997

The 6th Annual ThaiPOD National Conference

28-29 July 2011

slide26

Thank you for

your kind attention

The 6th Annual ThaiPOD National Conference

28-29 July 2011

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