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El Pretérito. Past tense. refers to specific, completed past actions Key Phrases: Certain time (last night, yesterday at 4:00, last July 4 th ) certain number of times (once, 3 times) Structure: Simple tense verb stem + ending. The Preterite Tense. Fixed point in time

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el pret rito

El Pretérito

Past tense.

refers to specific, completed past actions

Key Phrases:

Certain time (last night, yesterday at 4:00, last July 4th)

certain number of times (once, 3 times)

Structure: Simple tense

verb stem + ending

the preterite tense
The Preterite Tense
  • Fixed point in time
    • I called you at 3:00
  • Specific number of actions
    • I called you five times
  • Enclosed amount of time
    • I worked for eight hours.
sometimes time is implied rather than stated
Sometimes time is implied rather than stated.
  • I went to John’s party.
  • We ate at McDonald’s.
  • The meeting was boring
  • In the first 2 sentences, it is implied that the action happened once.
  • in the 3rd, we can assume that the meeting, from beginning to end, was boring.
forming regular verbs in the preterite
Forming regular verbs in the preterite.
  • -ar verbs. Drop the –ar and add the following endings
  • hablar(I spoke, you spoke, he spoke)
slide5
-er and –ir verbs. Drop the –er or –ir and add the following endings –They are exactly the same!—
  • comer (I ate, you ate, he ate)
  • vivir(I lived, you lived, he lived)
orthographic changes in regular verbs crazy yo s
Orthographic Changes in Regular Verbs (Crazy yo’s!)
  • verbs ending in gar; insert u before the e
    • yollegué
  • verbs ending in car; change c to qu
    • yobusqué
  • verbs ending in zar; change z to c.
    • yoalmorcé
verbos irregulares grupo 1
VerbosIrregulares (grupo 1)
  • ser, ir, hacer are unpredictable and must be memorized.
  • ser and ir have same conjugation; use context clues to determine the appropriate word.
irregular conjugations ir ser hacer

yo

él

nosotros

ellos

Irregular conjugations: ir, ser, hacer

ser

ir

hacer

fui

fui

hice

fuiste

fuiste

hiciste

fue

fue

hizo

fuimos

fuimos

hicimos

fueron

fueron

hicieron

irregular conjugations dar ver

yo

él

nosotros

ellos

Irregular conjugations dar, ver
  • dar and ver have –er/-ir endings but no accents!

dar

ver

di

vi

diste

viste

dio

vio

dimos

vimos

dieron

vieron

ad