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Cognitive Therapy in Groups. Session 2 Thinking and Feeling. Generation of Negative Emotion. Stream of consciousness. B : Lousy Ref. A ctivating event. e C : Anger. b C : Boo. Logical Errors. Biased Thinking Black & White thinking. Referees should…If not they are….

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Cognitive Therapy in Groups

Session 2

Thinking and Feeling


Generation of negative emotion
Generation of Negative Emotion

Stream of consciousness

B: Lousy Ref

Activating

event

eC: Anger

b C: Boo

Logical

Errors

Biased Thinking

Black & White thinking

Referees should…If not they are…


Logical errors
Logical Errors

  • Errors in making conclusions from sensory input.

  • Not errors in perception.

  • AKA ‘cognitive distortions’.

  • Misinterpretation or non-objective interpretation.


Kinds of logical errors
Kinds of Logical Errors

  • More Dire Than Justified MDTJ

  • Unjustified Negative Prediction UNP

  • Over Generalization OG

  • Black & White Thinking B&WT

  • Invalid Allocation Of Responsibility IAOR

  • Mind Reading MR

  • Biased Weighting BW

  • Ignoring Facts IF

  • False Absolute FA

  • Must Or Should MOS

  • Emotional Reasoning ER 


Generation of negative emotion1
Generation of Negative Emotion

Stream of consciousness

Automatic

Thought

B: Lousy Ref

Activating

event

eC: Anger

Logical

Errors

b C: Boo

Biased Thinking

Black & W thinking

Referees should…If not they are…


Automatic thoughts 1
Automatic Thoughts (1)

  • Are transient phenomena (like a spoken sentence).

  • Occur in the stream of consciousness.

  • They are short and specific.

  • They occur extremely rapidly, immediately after the event.


Automatic thoughts 2
Automatic Thoughts (2)

  • They do not occur in sentences, but may consist of a few key words or images.

  • They do not arise from careful thought.

  • They do not occur in a logical series of steps such as in problem solving.

  • They seem to happen just by reflex.


Generation of negative emotion2
Generation of Negative Emotion

Stream of consciousness

Automatic

Thought

B: Lousy Ref

Activating

event

eC: Anger

Logical

Errors

b C: Boo

Biased Thinking

Black & W thinking

Referees should…If not they are…

SCHEMA

CONTENT


Schema Definition

  • Schemas are permanent entities stored some where in your brain.

  • They contain ‘Schema Content’ – long term reference material about things in the world in the form of:

    • Formal propositions.

    • Memories.

    • Associated emotions.

    • Action tendencies.


A Schema is like a box that contains the results of previous experiences as interpreted by the person

  • Propositional content

  • Memories

  • Associated emotions

  • Action tendencies

The content of the schema can be positive or negative or a mixture.


Common Schema Topics/Content of Fundamental Schemas experiences as interpreted by the person

  • The value of ourself

  • The nature of our life/the world

  • The state of our social life

  • The integrity/safety of ourselves

  • The value of others

  • Content can be

    • Present or Future

    • Conditional


The negative thinking sequence
The Negative Thinking Sequence experiences as interpreted by the person

Stream of consciousness

(Includes awareness of sensation)

Automatic Thoughts

Activating

event

emotional

Consequence

behavioural

Consequence

(strategies)

Logical Processes

Schema


Identifying surface beliefs and writing them in the 3 column format 1
Identifying Surface Beliefs and Writing Them in the 3-Column Format (1)

emotional Consequence

Activating event

Belief or thought

Referee awards penalty

He’s useless

Anger


Identifying surface beliefs and writing them in the 3 column format 2
Identifying Surface Beliefs and Writing Them in the 3-Column Format (2)

emotional Consequence

Activating event

Belief or thought

Bike smash

My career is over, this is the end

Depression


Identifying surface beliefs and writing them in the 3 column format 3
Identifying Surface Beliefs and Writing Them in the 3-Column Format (3)

emotional Consequence

Activating event

Belief or thought

Boss

yells

I’m useless

Depression


Identifying surface beliefs and writing them in the 3 column format 4
Identifying Surface Beliefs and Writing Them in the 3-Column Format (4)

emotional Consequence

Activating event

Belief or thought

Boss

yells

How dare he!

Angry


Identifying surface beliefs and writing them in the 3 column format 5
Identifying Surface Beliefs and Writing Them in the 3-Column Format (5)

emotional Consequence

Activating event

Belief or thought

I’ll probably embarrass myself

Going to a party

Anxiety


Techniques for capturing automatic thoughts
Techniques for Capturing Automatic Thoughts Format (5)

  • Replay the event in your mind.

  • Relax, allow your mind to wander and just notice what thoughts (including images) come into your mind.

  • Imagine you are re-experiencing the event.

  • Recreate the conditions of the event.


Generation of negative emotion3

Automatic Format (5)

Thought

B: Lousy Ref

Emotional Consequence

eC: Anger

b C: Boo

Behavioural consequence

Generation of Negative Emotion

Stream of consciousness

Activating

event

Logical

Errors

Biased Thinking

Black & W thinking

Referees should…If not they are…

SCHEMA content


Automatic thoughts 11
Automatic Thoughts (1) Format (5)

  • Are transient phenomena (like a spoken sentence).

  • Occur in the stream of consciousness.

  • They are short and specific.

  • They occur extremely rapidly, immediately after the event.


Automatic thoughts 21
Automatic Thoughts (2) Format (5)

  • They do not occur in sentences, but may consist of a few key words or images.

  • They do not arise from careful thought.

  • They do not occur in a logical series of steps such as in problem solving.

  • They seem to happen just by reflex.


The main elements in cognitive theory
The Main Elements in Cognitive Theory Format (5)

  • Negative Automatic Thoughts

  • Negative Schemas/Negative Schema Content

  • Process of Logical Errors/Cognitive Distortions

  • Contentnegative with respect to

    • Self

    • World

    • Future


Individual work from session 2

emotional Format (5)Consequence

Activating event

Belief or thought

Individual Work from Session 2

  • Do approximately one ABC per day using an ‘Identifying Beliefs’ Worksheet, or the 3-Column approach



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