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REDD & local or regional authorities. Annelien van Meer, CREM 16 November 2011. Background: feasibility study 2008. City of Amsterdam and Province of Zuid-Holland wanted to investigate the possibilities to compensate CO2 emissions by REDD

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Redd local or regional authorities

REDD & local or regional authorities

Annelien van Meer, CREM

16 November 2011


Background:

feasibility study 2008

  • City of Amsterdam and Province of Zuid-Holland wanted to investigate the possibilities to compensate CO2 emissions by REDD

  • CREM was commissioned to study the feasibility of this idea

  • Overview of outcomes:

    • Criteria for local authorities to participate in REDD need further development

    • Uncertain what amounts of CO2 need to be compensated


2010/2011: WWF’s initiative towards local & regional governments

  • Cancún: acknowledgement of cities’ role in climate policy (Mexico City Pact)

  • General trend: ongoing decentralization

  • 2011: International Year of the Forest. Momentum for a bottom-up initiative?

  • WWF commissioned CREM to make an inventory of the willingness of local and regional governments to cooperate with WWF in REDD


Goal of the inventory governments

  • Finding local or regional authorities that:

  • Do not want to wait for a global agreement on REDD;

  • Have ambitious policies in climate, biodiversity and the international area;

  • See the benefits of combining these ambitions;

  • Would like to take the lead or to be trendsetting towards other authorities.


The inventory governments

  • Set-up -> two rounds of inventorial discussions:

  • First round: VNG (+ VNG international), Klimaatverbond, IPO and UvW

  • Second round: individual local and regional authorities (Tilburg, Utrecht, Apeldoorn, Amsterdam, Rotterdam, Eindhoven, provincie Noord-Brabant, provincie Utrecht)


Remarkable findings I governments

  • Totally different opinions on the involvement of local and regional authorities in REDD:

  • IPO: “Regional authorities are strictly bound to their own territory. They cannot invest in international projects”

  • Noord-Brabant: “We have a strong link with deforestation in Brazil because of the soy consumption of the meat industry within our territory. We feel the need to take our responsibility.”


Remarkable findings II governments

  • VNG: “International climate policies of local authorities are challenged by large budget cutbacks and the focus of local implementation.”

  • VNG International: “Millennium Local Authorities that focus on MDG 7 (70%) will certainly be interested.”

  • Utrecht: “We are planting our own climate compensation forest in Nicaragua.”

  • Apeldoorn: “We are absolutely restricted to investing within our own territory.”


An overview of the results I governments

  • Local authorities:

  • 2006 – 2010: the years of high ambitions, strategic plans, setting policy goals, etc.

  • 2010 – 2014: implementation! However:

    • Budget cutbacks

    • Political debate on ‘kerntaken’ (core responsibilities)

    • Political shifts in city councils


An overview of the results II governments

  • Difference between civil servant and political/administrative point of view;

  • Administrators are more hesitant in investments in REDD because of political pressure and criticism of citizens

    • City councils and administrators need to understand the relevance of international REDD projects -> communication and lobby!

    • There needs to be a link with awareness raising towards citizens.

  • Direct financing of REDD projects seems to be a bridge too far at this moment.


Recommendations governments

  • On the local and regional level, REDD has the strongest link with climate policies

    • Biodiversity policies are often non-existent or very limited

    • International policies face major cutbacks.

  • International aspects of local climate policy are not widely aknowledgedat the political/administrative level – more knowledge and advocacy is needed!


Recommendations governments

  • Find other financiers to cooperate with.

  • E.g. Make it possible to form PPPs – many of the interviewed local authorities were interested in working together with companies in REDD!

  • Find out which companies are willing to participate in such PPPs.


Questions governments

  • Local and regional governments want national government to take the lead -> how to match with national policy?

  • How can we communicate the relevance of REDD to local and regional governments (plus their political bodies)?

  • How can we involve citizens and the private sector in REDD?

  • What is the role of the REDD Platform in this?


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