Inuit Homelands in Canada
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Inuit Homelands in Canada For our the wonderful educators at Vistas, Visions and Voices Denver, November 2010 by Nadine C. Fabbi. Stan Rogers, 1949-1983 http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=8315817712851371947#. Pytheas of Massalia 4 th century BCE Thule / Ultima Thule

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Inuit Homelands in Canada For our the wonderful educators at Vistas, Visions and Voices

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Inuit homelands in canada for our the wonderful educators at vistas visions and voices

Inuit Homelands in Canada

For our the wonderful educators at Vistas, Visions and Voices

Denver, November 2010

by Nadine C. Fabbi


Inuit homelands in canada for our the wonderful educators at vistas visions and voices

Stan Rogers, 1949-1983

http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=8315817712851371947#


Inuit homelands in canada for our the wonderful educators at vistas visions and voices

Pytheas of Massalia

4th century BCE

Thule / Ultima Thule

“borders beyond the known world”


Inuit homelands in canada for our the wonderful educators at vistas visions and voices

Carta Marina, 1539


Inuit homelands in canada for our the wonderful educators at vistas visions and voices

narwhal


Inuit homelands in canada for our the wonderful educators at vistas visions and voices

Paris, Tapestry, 15th century

Rome, early 1600s


Inuit homelands in canada for our the wonderful educators at vistas visions and voices

King Christian IV’s throne.

Rosenborg Castle, Copenhagen.


Inuit homelands in canada for our the wonderful educators at vistas visions and voices

Mercator1595


Inuit homelands in canada for our the wonderful educators at vistas visions and voices

1576

Frobisher Bay

Iqaluit


Inuit homelands in canada for our the wonderful educators at vistas visions and voices

Frankenstein, Mary Shelley, 1818


Inuit homelands in canada for our the wonderful educators at vistas visions and voices

Franklin Expedition - 1845

Terror and Erebus


Inuit homelands in canada for our the wonderful educators at vistas visions and voices

John Torrington, 20

“Franklinalia”


Inuit homelands in canada for our the wonderful educators at vistas visions and voices

Roald Amundsen

1903-06


Inuit homelands in canada for our the wonderful educators at vistas visions and voices

Nanook of the North - 1922


Inuit homelands in canada for our the wonderful educators at vistas visions and voices

Uggianaqtuq – A Friend Acting Strangely


Inuit homelands in canada for our the wonderful educators at vistas visions and voices

Long ago, in my childhood, we followed the seasons and the weather. Even the animals, the caribou followed the weather. Now there are hardly any caribou on the island. Life has become unpredictable for all of us. – Sarah Kuptana, Sachs Harbour, Canada


Inuit homelands in canada for our the wonderful educators at vistas visions and voices

  • Arctic States …

  • eight bordering on Arctic Circle


Inuit homelands in canada for our the wonderful educators at vistas visions and voices

Arctic Circle - parallel of latitude – 66˚

1/6th of earth’s surface

4 million people / 400,000 aboriginal


Inuit homelands in canada for our the wonderful educators at vistas visions and voices

Inuit, 155,000


Inuit homelands in canada for our the wonderful educators at vistas visions and voices

Tree line around the Globe

2,000

55,000

50,000

45,000


Inuit homelands in canada for our the wonderful educators at vistas visions and voices

155,000

Greenland

Alaska

Canada

Russia


Inuit homelands in canada for our the wonderful educators at vistas visions and voices

5,000

25,000

5,000

10,000


Inuit homelands in canada for our the wonderful educators at vistas visions and voices

45,000

Inuvialuit

Nunavut

Nunavik

Nunatsiavut


Inuit homelands in canada for our the wonderful educators at vistas visions and voices

Tree line / timberline


Inuit homelands in canada for our the wonderful educators at vistas visions and voices

Jan/Feb 2003

“the purest building the human mind has ever conceived”


Inuit homelands in canada for our the wonderful educators at vistas visions and voices

caribou


Inuit homelands in canada for our the wonderful educators at vistas visions and voices

Eskimo - “eaters of raw meat”


Inuit homelands in canada for our the wonderful educators at vistas visions and voices

inuksukᐃᓄᒃᓱᒃ

inuksuitᐃᓄᒃᓱᐃᑦ


Inuit homelands in canada for our the wonderful educators at vistas visions and voices

kayak

umiak


Inuit homelands in canada for our the wonderful educators at vistas visions and voices

Inuit sled dog (Qimmiit) - “intuitive transportation”


Inuit homelands in canada for our the wonderful educators at vistas visions and voices

34,000,000

1,000,000


Inuit homelands in canada for our the wonderful educators at vistas visions and voices

Canada’s

Aboriginal

People

1. First Nations

(600,000)

2. Métis (300,000)

3. Inuit (45,000)


Inuit homelands in canada for our the wonderful educators at vistas visions and voices

First Nations

12,000-24,000 years ago


Inuit homelands in canada for our the wonderful educators at vistas visions and voices

Métis - “mixed”


Inuit homelands in canada for our the wonderful educators at vistas visions and voices

mid-1600s to early 1700s:

distinct people “emerge”


Inuit homelands in canada for our the wonderful educators at vistas visions and voices

Bering Sea Migration - 4,000 yrs ago


Ancestors

Ancestors

Sivullirmiut (to 1000)

Thule/Tuniit (to 1600)

Inuit


Inuit homelands in canada for our the wonderful educators at vistas visions and voices

History of Relations

1576-mid 19th - exploration

1850s-1930s - whaling/fur industry

1950s/60s - government intervention

1970s on - self-determination


Inuit homelands in canada for our the wonderful educators at vistas visions and voices

History of Relations …

1850s-1930s - whaling/fur industry


Inuit homelands in canada for our the wonderful educators at vistas visions and voices

17-20” of blubber


Inuit homelands in canada for our the wonderful educators at vistas visions and voices

Maine port - casks of whale oil


Inuit homelands in canada for our the wonderful educators at vistas visions and voices

1/3rd size of the entire body

baleen or whalebone

keratin


Inuit homelands in canada for our the wonderful educators at vistas visions and voices

up to 700

baleen

“hairs”


Inuit homelands in canada for our the wonderful educators at vistas visions and voices

Richard

Harrington


Inuit homelands in canada for our the wonderful educators at vistas visions and voices

John Diefenbaker

1957-63

“ … Sir John A. Macdonald saw Canada from east to west: He opened the west. I see a new Canada -- a Canada of the North. This is the vision."


Inuit homelands in canada for our the wonderful educators at vistas visions and voices

History of Relations - Self-Determination - 1970s onInuit Tapirisat of Canada - 1971(Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami)


Inuit homelands in canada for our the wonderful educators at vistas visions and voices

Our Footprints are Everywhere Inuit Land Use and Occupancy


Inuit homelands in canada for our the wonderful educators at vistas visions and voices

Nunavik – 1975 Inuvialuit - 1984

Nunavut - 1993

Nunatsiavut - 2005


Inuit homelands in canada for our the wonderful educators at vistas visions and voices

Nunavik

Northern Québec

10,000 Nunavimmiut


Inuit homelands in canada for our the wonderful educators at vistas visions and voices

James Bay & Northern Québec Agreement

11 November 1975

Zebedee Nungak


Inuit homelands in canada for our the wonderful educators at vistas visions and voices

Nunavik Creations


Inuit homelands in canada for our the wonderful educators at vistas visions and voices

Nunavut

“our land”

1 April 1999

20% land mass

85% Inuit


Inuit homelands in canada for our the wonderful educators at vistas visions and voices

“The birth of Nunavut is a significant step in Canada’s nation building. The territory’s creation is anchored in the central idea that Canada’s flexible federation supports diversity. Nunavut is both an historic and extraordinary achievement. At a time when borders are often a source of strife, the map of Canada is being redrawn in peace and partnership.”


Inuit homelands in canada for our the wonderful educators at vistas visions and voices

Nunatsiavut - 1 December 2005 - Nunatsiavutmiut


Inuit homelands in canada for our the wonderful educators at vistas visions and voices

“Inuit are united in Canada”

Mary Simon


Inuit homelands in canada for our the wonderful educators at vistas visions and voices

1977

Eben Hopson - Alaskan Inuk


Inuit homelands in canada for our the wonderful educators at vistas visions and voices

  • Arctic States …

  • eight bordering on Arctic Circle


Inuit homelands in canada for our the wonderful educators at vistas visions and voices

  • Arctic Council

  • Ottawa Declaration 1996


Inuit homelands in canada for our the wonderful educators at vistas visions and voices

Eight Arctic peoples

Russian North:EvenksKhantyKoryaksNenetsChukchiYukaghir

Saami – Norway/Sweden/Finland/Russia

Inuit – Canada, US, Greenland, Russia

Cartographer / Designer, Philippe Rekacewicz, 2005


Inuit homelands in canada for our the wonderful educators at vistas visions and voices

Inuit Circumpolar Council

April 2009


Inuit homelands in canada for our the wonderful educators at vistas visions and voices

“Sovereignty … used to refer to the absolute and independent authority of a community or nation … Sovereignty is a contested concept, however … old ideas of sovereignty are breaking down as different governance models, such as the European Union, evolve.” Article 2.1


Inuit homelands in canada for our the wonderful educators at vistas visions and voices

  • address growing outside interest in Inuit Nunaat (homeland)

“The conduct of international relations in the Arctic and the resolution of international disputes are not the sole preserve of Arctic states or other states; they are also within the purview of the Arctic’s indigenous peoples.” Article 4.2


Inuit homelands in canada for our the wonderful educators at vistas visions and voices

Thank you!

Nakurmiik!

Whistler, British Columbia

http://www.youtube.com/user/andshegotaway


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