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Inuit Homelands in Canada For our the wonderful educators at Vistas, Visions and Voices Denver, November 2010 by Nadine C. Fabbi. Stan Rogers, 1949-1983 http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=8315817712851371947#. Pytheas of Massalia 4 th century BCE Thule / Ultima Thule

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Inuit Homelands in Canada

For our the wonderful educators at Vistas, Visions and Voices

Denver, November 2010

by Nadine C. Fabbi


Stan Rogers, 1949-1983

http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=8315817712851371947#


Pytheas of Massalia

4th century BCE

Thule / Ultima Thule

“borders beyond the known world”




Paris, Tapestry, 15th century

Rome, early 1600s


King Christian IV’s throne.

Rosenborg Castle, Copenhagen.



1576

Frobisher Bay

Iqaluit


Frankenstein, Mary Shelley, 1818


Franklin Expedition - 1845

Terror and Erebus


John Torrington, 20

“Franklinalia”





Long ago, in my childhood, we followed the seasons and the weather. Even the animals, the caribou followed the weather. Now there are hardly any caribou on the island. Life has become unpredictable for all of us. – Sarah Kuptana, Sachs Harbour, Canada


  • Arctic States … weather. Even the animals, the caribou followed the weather. Now there are hardly any caribou on the island. Life has become unpredictable for all of us. – Sarah Kuptana, Sachs Harbour, Canada

  • eight bordering on Arctic Circle


Arctic Circle - parallel of latitude – 66˚ weather. Even the animals, the caribou followed the weather. Now there are hardly any caribou on the island. Life has become unpredictable for all of us. – Sarah Kuptana, Sachs Harbour, Canada

1/6th of earth’s surface

4 million people / 400,000 aboriginal


Inuit, 155,000 weather. Even the animals, the caribou followed the weather. Now there are hardly any caribou on the island. Life has become unpredictable for all of us. – Sarah Kuptana, Sachs Harbour, Canada


Tree line around the Globe weather. Even the animals, the caribou followed the weather. Now there are hardly any caribou on the island. Life has become unpredictable for all of us. – Sarah Kuptana, Sachs Harbour, Canada

2,000

55,000

50,000

45,000


155,000 weather. Even the animals, the caribou followed the weather. Now there are hardly any caribou on the island. Life has become unpredictable for all of us. – Sarah Kuptana, Sachs Harbour, Canada

Greenland

Alaska

Canada

Russia


5,000 weather. Even the animals, the caribou followed the weather. Now there are hardly any caribou on the island. Life has become unpredictable for all of us. – Sarah Kuptana, Sachs Harbour, Canada

25,000

5,000

10,000


45,000 weather. Even the animals, the caribou followed the weather. Now there are hardly any caribou on the island. Life has become unpredictable for all of us. – Sarah Kuptana, Sachs Harbour, Canada

Inuvialuit

Nunavut

Nunavik

Nunatsiavut


Tree line / timberline weather. Even the animals, the caribou followed the weather. Now there are hardly any caribou on the island. Life has become unpredictable for all of us. – Sarah Kuptana, Sachs Harbour, Canada


Jan/Feb 2003 weather. Even the animals, the caribou followed the weather. Now there are hardly any caribou on the island. Life has become unpredictable for all of us. – Sarah Kuptana, Sachs Harbour, Canada

“the purest building the human mind has ever conceived”


caribou weather. Even the animals, the caribou followed the weather. Now there are hardly any caribou on the island. Life has become unpredictable for all of us. – Sarah Kuptana, Sachs Harbour, Canada


Eskimo - “eaters of raw meat” weather. Even the animals, the caribou followed the weather. Now there are hardly any caribou on the island. Life has become unpredictable for all of us. – Sarah Kuptana, Sachs Harbour, Canada


inuksuk weather. Even the animals, the caribou followed the weather. Now there are hardly any caribou on the island. Life has become unpredictable for all of us. – Sarah Kuptana, Sachs Harbour, Canadaᐃᓄᒃᓱᒃ

inuksuitᐃᓄᒃᓱᐃᑦ


kayak weather. Even the animals, the caribou followed the weather. Now there are hardly any caribou on the island. Life has become unpredictable for all of us. – Sarah Kuptana, Sachs Harbour, Canada

umiak


Inuit sled dog (Qimmiit) - “intuitive transportation” weather. Even the animals, the caribou followed the weather. Now there are hardly any caribou on the island. Life has become unpredictable for all of us. – Sarah Kuptana, Sachs Harbour, Canada


34,000,000 weather. Even the animals, the caribou followed the weather. Now there are hardly any caribou on the island. Life has become unpredictable for all of us. – Sarah Kuptana, Sachs Harbour, Canada

1,000,000


Canada’s weather. Even the animals, the caribou followed the weather. Now there are hardly any caribou on the island. Life has become unpredictable for all of us. – Sarah Kuptana, Sachs Harbour, Canada

Aboriginal

People

1. First Nations

(600,000)

2. Métis (300,000)

3. Inuit (45,000)


First Nations weather. Even the animals, the caribou followed the weather. Now there are hardly any caribou on the island. Life has become unpredictable for all of us. – Sarah Kuptana, Sachs Harbour, Canada

12,000-24,000 years ago


M weather. Even the animals, the caribou followed the weather. Now there are hardly any caribou on the island. Life has become unpredictable for all of us. – Sarah Kuptana, Sachs Harbour, Canadaétis - “mixed”


mid-1600s to early 1700s: weather. Even the animals, the caribou followed the weather. Now there are hardly any caribou on the island. Life has become unpredictable for all of us. – Sarah Kuptana, Sachs Harbour, Canada

distinct people “emerge”


Bering Sea Migration - 4,000 yrs ago weather. Even the animals, the caribou followed the weather. Now there are hardly any caribou on the island. Life has become unpredictable for all of us. – Sarah Kuptana, Sachs Harbour, Canada


Ancestors
Ancestors weather. Even the animals, the caribou followed the weather. Now there are hardly any caribou on the island. Life has become unpredictable for all of us. – Sarah Kuptana, Sachs Harbour, Canada

Sivullirmiut (to 1000)

Thule/Tuniit (to 1600)

Inuit


History of Relations weather. Even the animals, the caribou followed the weather. Now there are hardly any caribou on the island. Life has become unpredictable for all of us. – Sarah Kuptana, Sachs Harbour, Canada

1576-mid 19th - exploration

1850s-1930s - whaling/fur industry

1950s/60s - government intervention

1970s on - self-determination


History of Relations … weather. Even the animals, the caribou followed the weather. Now there are hardly any caribou on the island. Life has become unpredictable for all of us. – Sarah Kuptana, Sachs Harbour, Canada

1850s-1930s - whaling/fur industry


17-20” of blubber weather. Even the animals, the caribou followed the weather. Now there are hardly any caribou on the island. Life has become unpredictable for all of us. – Sarah Kuptana, Sachs Harbour, Canada


Maine port - casks of whale oil weather. Even the animals, the caribou followed the weather. Now there are hardly any caribou on the island. Life has become unpredictable for all of us. – Sarah Kuptana, Sachs Harbour, Canada


1/3rd size of the entire body weather. Even the animals, the caribou followed the weather. Now there are hardly any caribou on the island. Life has become unpredictable for all of us. – Sarah Kuptana, Sachs Harbour, Canada

baleen or whalebone

keratin


up to 700 weather. Even the animals, the caribou followed the weather. Now there are hardly any caribou on the island. Life has become unpredictable for all of us. – Sarah Kuptana, Sachs Harbour, Canada

baleen

“hairs”


Richard weather. Even the animals, the caribou followed the weather. Now there are hardly any caribou on the island. Life has become unpredictable for all of us. – Sarah Kuptana, Sachs Harbour, Canada

Harrington


John Diefenbaker weather. Even the animals, the caribou followed the weather. Now there are hardly any caribou on the island. Life has become unpredictable for all of us. – Sarah Kuptana, Sachs Harbour, Canada

1957-63

“ … Sir John A. Macdonald saw Canada from east to west: He opened the west. I see a new Canada -- a Canada of the North. This is the vision."


History of Relations - Self-Determination - 1970s on weather. Even the animals, the caribou followed the weather. Now there are hardly any caribou on the island. Life has become unpredictable for all of us. – Sarah Kuptana, Sachs Harbour, CanadaInuit Tapirisat of Canada - 1971(Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami)


Our Footprints are Everywhere Inuit Land Use and Occupancy weather. Even the animals, the caribou followed the weather. Now there are hardly any caribou on the island. Life has become unpredictable for all of us. – Sarah Kuptana, Sachs Harbour, Canada


Nunavik – 1975 Inuvialuit - 1984 weather. Even the animals, the caribou followed the weather. Now there are hardly any caribou on the island. Life has become unpredictable for all of us. – Sarah Kuptana, Sachs Harbour, Canada

Nunavut - 1993

Nunatsiavut - 2005


Nunavik weather. Even the animals, the caribou followed the weather. Now there are hardly any caribou on the island. Life has become unpredictable for all of us. – Sarah Kuptana, Sachs Harbour, Canada

Northern Québec

10,000 Nunavimmiut


James Bay & Northern Qu weather. Even the animals, the caribou followed the weather. Now there are hardly any caribou on the island. Life has become unpredictable for all of us. – Sarah Kuptana, Sachs Harbour, Canadaébec Agreement

11 November 1975

Zebedee Nungak


Nunavik Creations weather. Even the animals, the caribou followed the weather. Now there are hardly any caribou on the island. Life has become unpredictable for all of us. – Sarah Kuptana, Sachs Harbour, Canada


Nunavut weather. Even the animals, the caribou followed the weather. Now there are hardly any caribou on the island. Life has become unpredictable for all of us. – Sarah Kuptana, Sachs Harbour, Canada

“our land”

1 April 1999

20% land mass

85% Inuit


“The birth of Nunavut is a significant step in Canada’s nation building. The territory’s creation is anchored in the central idea that Canada’s flexible federation supports diversity. Nunavut is both an historic and extraordinary achievement. At a time when borders are often a source of strife, the map of Canada is being redrawn in peace and partnership.”


Nunatsiavut - 1 December 2005 - Nunatsiavutmiut nation building. The territory’s creation is anchored in the central idea that Canada’s flexible federation supports diversity. Nunavut is both an historic and extraordinary achievement. At a time when borders are often a source of strife, the map of Canada is being redrawn in peace and partnership.”


“Inuit are united in Canada” nation building. The territory’s creation is anchored in the central idea that Canada’s flexible federation supports diversity. Nunavut is both an historic and extraordinary achievement. At a time when borders are often a source of strife, the map of Canada is being redrawn in peace and partnership.”

Mary Simon


1977 nation building. The territory’s creation is anchored in the central idea that Canada’s flexible federation supports diversity. Nunavut is both an historic and extraordinary achievement. At a time when borders are often a source of strife, the map of Canada is being redrawn in peace and partnership.”

Eben Hopson - Alaskan Inuk


  • Arctic States … nation building. The territory’s creation is anchored in the central idea that Canada’s flexible federation supports diversity. Nunavut is both an historic and extraordinary achievement. At a time when borders are often a source of strife, the map of Canada is being redrawn in peace and partnership.”

  • eight bordering on Arctic Circle


  • Arctic Council nation building. The territory’s creation is anchored in the central idea that Canada’s flexible federation supports diversity. Nunavut is both an historic and extraordinary achievement. At a time when borders are often a source of strife, the map of Canada is being redrawn in peace and partnership.”

  • Ottawa Declaration 1996


Eight Arctic peoples nation building. The territory’s creation is anchored in the central idea that Canada’s flexible federation supports diversity. Nunavut is both an historic and extraordinary achievement. At a time when borders are often a source of strife, the map of Canada is being redrawn in peace and partnership.”

Russian North: Evenks Khanty Koryaks Nenets Chukchi Yukaghir

Saami – Norway/Sweden/Finland/Russia

Inuit – Canada, US, Greenland, Russia

Cartographer / Designer, Philippe Rekacewicz, 2005


Inuit Circumpolar Council nation building. The territory’s creation is anchored in the central idea that Canada’s flexible federation supports diversity. Nunavut is both an historic and extraordinary achievement. At a time when borders are often a source of strife, the map of Canada is being redrawn in peace and partnership.”

April 2009


“Sovereignty … used to refer to the absolute and independent authority of a community or nation … Sovereignty is a contested concept, however … old ideas of sovereignty are breaking down as different governance models, such as the European Union, evolve.” Article 2.1


  • address growing outside interest in independent authority of a community or nation … Sovereignty is a contested concept, however … old ideas of sovereignty are breaking down as different governance models, such as the European Union, evolve.” Inuit Nunaat (homeland)

“The conduct of international relations in the Arctic and the resolution of international disputes are not the sole preserve of Arctic states or other states; they are also within the purview of the Arctic’s indigenous peoples.” Article 4.2


Thank you! independent authority of a community or nation … Sovereignty is a contested concept, however … old ideas of sovereignty are breaking down as different governance models, such as the European Union, evolve.”

Nakurmiik!

Whistler, British Columbia

http://www.youtube.com/user/andshegotaway


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