Strepsiptera, scorpionflies and fleas. ( EE , pp. 203-217). Phylogeny of Hexapoda from p. 52. Strepsiptera. Strepsiptera. Common name: Strepsipterans (560 known world species (0.06%)) Derivation: Gk. streptos - twisted; pteron - a wing
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from p. 52
free living male
Strepsiptera(highly specialized endoparasites of other insects)
Neotenous females(have no eyes, antennae, mouthparts, legs or external genetalia)
Life cycle(females can lay about a 1000 to many hundreds of 1000s of eggs)
More on life-cycles(Strepsipterans require specific hosts to complete development)
bittacid - hangingfly
mostly southern hemisphere
panorpid - common scorpionfly
Ring around the rosies has not always been simply a playfull nursery rhyme
Ring Around the Rosie (Ring a ring o’ roses) a pocket Full of PosiesAshes, ashes (ah-tishoo, ah-tishoo)We all fall down.
In actuality, according to numerous sources, "Ring around the Rosie" describes the people of Europe who were stricken with the deadly plague. "Ring around the rosie" refers to the red ring that developed around the sores that characterized a victim of the plague. "A pocket full of posies" was carried to cover the smell of dead, decaying bodies. "Ashes, ashes" signify deteriorating black lungs and the decomposing bodies of the Europeans. And you know the rest of the story........."We all fall down".
(the letters shown in blue indicate the British version)