This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
1 / 17

# Syllabics PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Syllabics. Creative Writing I. How to count syllables. Count each vowel in a word. Vowels include the letters a, e, i , o, u and sometimes y. Subtract one from your total number of vowels for silent vowels such as the "e" in the word "move."

Syllabics

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

## Syllabics

Creative Writing I

### How to count syllables

• Count each vowel in a word. Vowels include the letters a, e, i, o, u and sometimes y.

• Subtract one from your total number of vowels for silent vowels such as the "e" in the word "move."

• Subtract one from your total number of vowels for double vowels that have one sound, such as the double a in the name "Aaron." Another example is the double o letters in the word "pool." Only count one syllable for the two vowels together.

• Subtract one from your number of vowels for each diphthong, a combination of vowels that make one sound. For instance, in the word "out" there are two vowels working together to make one sound. Therefore, subtract one from the total number of vowels in this word.

• Equate your final answer with the number of syllables in the word. For example, in the word "astronaut" there are four vowels - a, o, a and u. The vowels a and u together are a diphthong, so you would subtract 1 from 4 to get a total of 3 syllables for this word.

Haiku

Each Haiku must contain a kigo, a season word.

Is written in present tense.

Consists of three lines

Lines have 5-7-5 syllable counts

Does NOT have a narrative (tell a story)

Poem creates imaginative distance between two sections, but the two sections must remain, to a degree, independent of each other. Each enriches the understanding of the other. To make this work in English, either the first or the second line ends with a colon, long dash or ellipsis, separating the pieces.

Some Haikus:

Fall

I am nobody:A red sinking autumn sunTook my name away.

Winter

Over the wintry

Forest, winds howl in rage

With no leaves to blow.

- Soseki

Spring

Pink blossoms on trees

Bare branches sprouts of hope form

Brown, turning to green.

Summer

In the cicada's cry

No sign can foretell

How soon it must die.

Basho

• Select a season and list words/images that remind you of it

• Organize into three lines:

• Set the scene first

• Express an emotion, make an observation, or record an action

• Tips

• Express a single mood or emotion in your haiku. Think about a common experience or sight in a new and different way.

• Some writers incorporate a pause into the poem, indicated by the use of a colon, semicolon, hyphen or ellipses. This helps to focus attention on the insight your poem presents.

• The classic haiku theme is nature and many traditional Japanese haiku contain seasonal words and images like falling snow, twinkling fireflies, an emerging crocus or leaves blowing in the wind.

Senryu

Consists of three lines

Is 17 syllables or less

Focuses on humanity and the human experience (with humorous or satiric view)

Is written in present tense

First line establishes a central situation or symbol

The other two lines create an action

Some Senryus:

Catching him

you see the robber

SenryuKarai

combing my hair—

the face in the mirror

is my mother's

by Sharon Peeples

words burst forth (3 syllables)

fragile bonds damaged (5 syllables)

love undone (3 syllables)

- written by Janilou

A welcoming porch.

What a lovely place to share

Your outlook on life.

• Think of an experience

• Begin by setting the scene

• Finish with an action or observation

• Edit to make EVERY syllable count!!!

• Tips

• While personal experience can inspire a senryu, you should expand your meaning to make an observation about humanity in general.

• You can use nature imagery but only as a symbol of a darker message, not as the centerpiece of the poem as in a haiku.

• Don't use senryu as rants against humanity. Instead, shine a light into human nature.

Focus is on a special event or occasion (with strong mood)

There are five lines

Lines have 5-7-5-7-7 syllable counts

Can be multiple stanzas

Tankas, unlike haiku and senryu use simile, metaphor and personification when applicable

### Writing A Tanka

Tanka Examples

hazy autumn moonthe sound of chestnuts droppingfrom an empty skyI gather your belongingsinto boxes for the poor

Margaret Chula

This cold winter nightthe snow clings to the tree boughsin the pale moonlightthe kisses of your soft lipswarm this aching heart of mine

### Your Tanka – Rite of Passage

• Rites of passage are activities that change us from child to adult, single to family, etc. common to a society

• What rites of passage do we recognize?

• You are writing a two stanza tanka that recognizes the before and after of the activity

• Stanza 1: Who approaches the task and what it is

• Stanza 2: Who leaves the task and what makes them a new person

• Should have at least one form of figurative language in each section

Lanterns

&

Cinquains

### Lantern Examples

Bed

Gentle

Soft Pillows

Sleep, jump, play, love

Rest.

Bells

Tolling

On the wind

Old memories

Die

### Onomatopoeia

A word that emits the sound it describes.

Write a tanka that connects two of our list of words.

Hannah

Hannah

Bubbly, joyful

Dancing, smiling, singing

Shares love with all

My girl

### Cinquain

Star (not quite right with one syllable)

Star

Shining, burning, exploding

It gives life to everything

Sun

Think of a person… their name will be the title.

List things you know about them and adjectives to describe them

Line 1: Their name (2 syllables)

Line 2: Describe them (4 syllables)

Line 3: Action of the person (-ing verbs) – (6 syllables)

Line 4: A phrase that expresses your feelings/ observations about them (8 syllables)

Line 5: A nickname or epithet for the person (2 syllables)