Elementary greek
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ELEMENTARY GREEK. GREK 1001 M-Th 8:40-9:30 ***. ELEMENTARY GREEK. Writing the Greek alphabet. ELEMENTARY GREEK. Greek has twenty-four letters. u pper-case: Α Β Γ Δ Ε Ζ Η Θ Ι Κ Λ Μ Ν Ξ Ο Π Ρ Σ Τ Φ Υ Χ Ψ Ω lower-case: α β γ δ ε ζ η θ ι κ λ μ ν ξ ο π ρ σ ς τ φ υ χ ψ ω. An inscription in

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ELEMENTARY GREEK

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Elementary greek

ELEMENTARY GREEK

GREK 1001

M-Th 8:40-9:30

***


Elementary greek1

ELEMENTARY GREEK

Writing the Greek alphabet


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ELEMENTARY GREEK

  • Greek has twenty-four letters.

    • upper-case:

      Α Β Γ Δ Ε Ζ Η Θ Ι Κ Λ Μ Ν Ξ Ο Π Ρ Σ Τ Φ Υ Χ Ψ Ω

    • lower-case:

      α β γ δ ε ζ η θ ι κ λ μ ν ξ ο π ρ σ ς τ φ υ χ ψ ω


Elementary greek

An inscription in

Classical Greek

the upper-case letters

represent the versions used

in stone-cut inscriptions

law code of Gortyn

5th century BC


Elementary greek

An inscription in

Classical Greek

the upper-case letters

were also used in early

writing on papyrus

papyrus of the poet Archilochus

P.Oxy. LXIX 4708:

see http://www.papyrology.ox.ac.uk


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the lower-case letters

represent the

hand-writing from

later manuscripts

page of medieval manuscript of

Euripides’ Hekabe


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From manuscript to modern printed edition


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modern printed editions

began as reproductions

of manuscripts, so they

retain this use of

the lower-case letters

modern printed edition of

Euripides’ Hekabe


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ELEMENTARY GREEK

We use lower-case letters normally. Use upper-case letters for only two reasons:

  • the first letter of a proper name (person, place, κτλ)

  • the first letter of a direct quotation

κτλ = Greek for “etc” = “and the rest, and so on”


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ELEMENTARY GREEK

Imagine if English were printed in a cursive script all the time.

Imagine if English were printed in a cursive script all the time.

This is why printed Greek texts can look like chicken scratch, but once you know the alphabet, it is just like reading someone’s handwriting.


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letter name sound English

Α α“alpha” = “ah” = A a


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letter name sound English

Β β“beta” = “b” = B b


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letter name sound English

Γ γ“gamma”= “g” = G g


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letter name sound English

Δ δ“delta” = “d” = D d


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letter name sound English

Ε ε“epsilon” = “eh” = E e


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letter name sound English

Ζ ζ“zeta” = “z” = Z z


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letter name sound English

Η η“eta” = “ay” = E e


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letter name sound English

Θ θ“theta” = “th” = Th th


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letter name sound English

Ι ι“iota” = “ih” = I i


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letter name sound English

Κ κ“kappa” = “k” = C c

K k

(Latin)

or


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letter name sound English

Λ λ“lambda” = “l” = L l


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letter name sound English

Μ μ“mu” = “m” = M m


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letter name sound English

Ν ν“nu” = “n” = N n


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letter name sound English

Ξ ξ“xi” = “ks” = X x


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letter name sound English

Ο ο“omicron” = “o” = O o


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letter name sound English

Π π“pi” = “p” = P p


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letter name sound English

Ρ ρ“rho” = “r” = R r


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letter name sound English

  • Σ σ ς“sigma” = “s” = S s

  • use ς only at the end of words

    • (σis a cursive formed designed to continue into the next letter; at the end of the word, this link is unnecessary)


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letter name sound English

Τ τ“tau” = “t” = T t


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letter name sound English

Υ υ“upsilon” = “u” = Y y


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letter name sound English

Φ φ“phi” = “f” = Ph ph


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letter name sound English

Χ χ“chi” = “kh” = Ch ch

Kh kh

(Latin)

or


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letter name sound English

Ψ ψ“psi” = “ps” = Ps ps


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letter name sound English

Ω ω“omega” = “oh” = O o


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Sing the Greek alphabet to

“Itsy Bitsy Spider”!


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Sing the Greek alphabet to

“Frère Jacques”!


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ELEMENTARY GREEK

for tomorrow (Wednesday, August 24, 2005):

  • Quiz: ***

  • Look over the sounds and diacritical marks in Shelmerdine (pp. 2-3) or “Alphabet Sounds” in Moodle


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