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ELEMENTARY GREEK. GREK 1001 M-Th 8:40-9:30 ***. ELEMENTARY GREEK. Writing the Greek alphabet. ELEMENTARY GREEK. Greek has twenty-four letters. u pper-case: Α Β Γ Δ Ε Ζ Η Θ Ι Κ Λ Μ Ν Ξ Ο Π Ρ Σ Τ Φ Υ Χ Ψ Ω lower-case: α β γ δ ε ζ η θ ι κ λ μ ν ξ ο π ρ σ ς τ φ υ χ ψ ω. An inscription in

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ELEMENTARY GREEK

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ELEMENTARY GREEK

GREK 1001

M-Th 8:40-9:30

***


ELEMENTARY GREEK

Writing the Greek alphabet


ELEMENTARY GREEK

  • Greek has twenty-four letters.

    • upper-case:

      Α Β Γ Δ Ε Ζ Η Θ Ι Κ Λ Μ Ν Ξ Ο Π Ρ Σ Τ Φ Υ Χ Ψ Ω

    • lower-case:

      α β γ δ ε ζ η θ ι κ λ μ ν ξ ο π ρ σ ς τ φ υ χ ψ ω


An inscription in

Classical Greek

the upper-case letters

represent the versions used

in stone-cut inscriptions

law code of Gortyn

5th century BC


An inscription in

Classical Greek

the upper-case letters

were also used in early

writing on papyrus

papyrus of the poet Archilochus

P.Oxy. LXIX 4708:

see http://www.papyrology.ox.ac.uk


the lower-case letters

represent the

hand-writing from

later manuscripts

page of medieval manuscript of

Euripides’ Hekabe


From manuscript to modern printed edition


modern printed editions

began as reproductions

of manuscripts, so they

retain this use of

the lower-case letters

modern printed edition of

Euripides’ Hekabe


ELEMENTARY GREEK

We use lower-case letters normally. Use upper-case letters for only two reasons:

  • the first letter of a proper name (person, place, κτλ)

  • the first letter of a direct quotation

κτλ = Greek for “etc” = “and the rest, and so on”


ELEMENTARY GREEK

Imagine if English were printed in a cursive script all the time.

Imagine if English were printed in a cursive script all the time.

This is why printed Greek texts can look like chicken scratch, but once you know the alphabet, it is just like reading someone’s handwriting.


letter name sound English

Α α“alpha” = “ah” = A a


letter name sound English

Β β“beta” = “b” = B b


letter name sound English

Γ γ“gamma”= “g” = G g


letter name sound English

Δ δ“delta” = “d” = D d


letter name sound English

Ε ε“epsilon” = “eh” = E e


letter name sound English

Ζ ζ“zeta” = “z” = Z z


letter name sound English

Η η“eta” = “ay” = E e


letter name sound English

Θ θ“theta” = “th” = Th th


letter name sound English

Ι ι“iota” = “ih” = I i


letter name sound English

Κ κ“kappa” = “k” = C c

K k

(Latin)

or


letter name sound English

Λ λ“lambda” = “l” = L l


letter name sound English

Μ μ“mu” = “m” = M m


letter name sound English

Ν ν“nu” = “n” = N n


letter name sound English

Ξ ξ“xi” = “ks” = X x


letter name sound English

Ο ο“omicron” = “o” = O o


letter name sound English

Π π“pi” = “p” = P p


letter name sound English

Ρ ρ“rho” = “r” = R r


letter name sound English

  • Σ σ ς“sigma” = “s” = S s

  • use ς only at the end of words

    • (σis a cursive formed designed to continue into the next letter; at the end of the word, this link is unnecessary)


letter name sound English

Τ τ“tau” = “t” = T t


letter name sound English

Υ υ“upsilon” = “u” = Y y


letter name sound English

Φ φ“phi” = “f” = Ph ph


letter name sound English

Χ χ“chi” = “kh” = Ch ch

Kh kh

(Latin)

or


letter name sound English

Ψ ψ“psi” = “ps” = Ps ps


letter name sound English

Ω ω“omega” = “oh” = O o


Sing the Greek alphabet to

“Itsy Bitsy Spider”!


Sing the Greek alphabet to

“Frère Jacques”!


ELEMENTARY GREEK

for tomorrow (Wednesday, August 24, 2005):

  • Quiz: ***

  • Look over the sounds and diacritical marks in Shelmerdine (pp. 2-3) or “Alphabet Sounds” in Moodle


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