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Principles of Sustainability. Outline. Sustainable Water Resources Roundtable. Criteria & Indicators. Indicator Examples. Alan D. Steinman, Ph.D. Annis Water Resources Institute Grand Valley State University Muskegon, MI 49441. Language in PA No. 148:.

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Principles of sustainability
Principles of Sustainability

Outline

  • Sustainable Water Resources Roundtable

  • Criteria & Indicators

  • Indicator Examples

Alan D. Steinman, Ph.D.

Annis Water Resources Institute

Grand Valley State University

Muskegon, MI 49441


Language in pa no 148
Language in PA No. 148:

  • Sec. 32803 (2): The council shallStudy the sustainability of the state’s groundwater use and whether the state should provide additional oversight of groundwater withdrawals



Brundtland commission world environment and development commission 1987
Brundtland Commission(World Environment and Development Commission, 1987)

Sustainable development:

  • meets the needs of the present while not compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.

  • encompasses the environmental, economic, and social systems and their contribution to meeting human needs.


Principles regarding sustainability in water resources
Principles Regarding Sustainability in Water Resources

“The sustainable development of water resources is a multi-dimensional way of thinking about the interdependencies among natural, social, and economic systems in the use of water. In this view, our efforts to achieve economic vitality should occur in the context of the enhancement and preservation of ecological integrity, social well-being, and security.”

Source: Kranz, Gasteyer, Heintz, Shafer, and Steinman (2004)


Sustainability of Water Resources

Involves:

- policies, plans, and activities that improve equality

of access to water

- recognizes that there are limits and boundaries of water

use beyond which ecosystem behavior might change in

unanticipated ways

- requires consideration of interactions occurring across

different geographic scales: global, national, regional,

and local

- challenges us to look to the future and to assess and

understand the implications of decisions made today on

the lives and livelihoods of future generations and the

ecosystems upon which they depend.

Source: Kranz, Gasteyer, Heintz, Shafer, and Steinman (2004)



Sustainable Water Resources Roundtable

(SWRR)

Purpose:

Serve as a forum to share information and

perspectives that will promote better decision

making in the US regarding the sustainable

development of our nation’s water resources

http://water.usgs.gov/wicp/acwi/swrr/


The Sustainable Roundtables are public/private efforts to develop sets of national-scale sustainability criteria and indicators for the nation’s resources



Participants include Federal agencies, as well as representatives of industry, academia, Tribal governments and NGO’s.


The Roundtables are developing a comprehensive set of criteria and indicators to assess our progress toward sustainable resource management.


There are many definitions of Sustainable Development because there is disagreement about how to balance the economic, social, and environmental dimensions of sustainability.


Progress toward social, economic, and environmental sustainability, however it is defined, can be tracked through the use of criteria and indicators.


Criteria and indicators
Criteria and Indicators sustainability, however it is defined, can be tracked through the use of


What is meant by the use of criteria and i ndicators
What is meant by the use of criteria and i sustainability, however it is defined, can be tracked through the use of ndicators

  • Criteria: technical properties that help to choose an indicator

  • Criteria should not be directional (SWRR)

  • Example:

    • Inappropriate: increase water for the environment

    • Appropriate: adequate water supply and timing for the environment


What is meant by the use of criteria and i ndicators1
What is meant by the use of criteria and i sustainability, however it is defined, can be tracked through the use of ndicators

  • Indicators: measurements that track conditions over time; should be scientifically defensible, quantifiable, consistent, and understandable

  • Examples:

    • Groundwater quality

    • Groundwater withdrawal depth


Background swrr
Background (SWRR) sustainability, however it is defined, can be tracked through the use of

  • The indicators sets should consider all aspects of resource systems so as to provide a balanced outlook;

  • The indicators are national scale, though many are based on local data; and

  • The indicators are not intended to be used for new regulatory development and there are no associated reporting requirements.


Use of indicators
Use of Indicators sustainability, however it is defined, can be tracked through the use of

  • The indicators will contribute to the Congressionally mandated 2005 Update of the 2000 Resource Planning Act Assessment;

  • The indicators will be refined over time and may become part of the overall indicator set used in the US to assess our progress toward a sustainable America; and

  • The indicators will support an informed debate about water systems and their contribution to sustainability


Develop Sustainable Water Resources sustainability, however it is defined, can be tracked through the use of

GOAL

Relationship among goal, criteria, indicators and measures within capital.

Adequate water supply

CRITERIA

Ecosystem water

supply

Residential water

supply

Agricultural & utility

water supply

INDICATORS

Hydroperiod

Natural

variability

Water

demands

Reservoir

stage

Water

demands

Reservoir

stage

MEASURES

Natural Capital

Economic Capital

Social Capital


Develop Sustainable Water Resources sustainability, however it is defined, can be tracked through the use of

Economic Capital System Ex.

GOAL

CRITERIA

Adequate Water Supply for Agriculture

Adequate Water Supply for Electric Production

INDICATORS

Water Quality

Snow Pack Condition

Annual Precipitation Rate

Present Flow Rate/10 yr Average Flow

Water Recycling

Groundwater Withdrawal Depth

Mean Reservoir Depth

Proportion Groundwater/

Surface Water Supply

Irrigation Water Cost


Examples of sustainability indices
Examples of sustainability indices sustainability, however it is defined, can be tracked through the use of


Universal sujoy goldstein and summers usgs sustainability indices
Universal Sujoy, Goldstein and Summers (USGS) Sustainability Indices

  • Water Supply Sustainability Index

  • Thermoelectric Cooling Constraint Index

  • Based on easily accessible data

  • Include multiple assumptions

  • Unquantified uncertainties

  • Basis for more detailed analysis of sustainability issues

  • A Survey of Water Use and Sustainability in the United States with a Focus on Power Generation (EPRI 1005474)

Freshwater Withdrawal



Groundwater withdrawal available precipitation 1995
Groundwater 1934-2002Withdrawal/Available Precipitation (1995)




Water supply sustainability index epri
Water Supply Sustainability Index: EPRI Precipitation

  • Extent of development of available renewable water:

    • use of available precipitation

  • Sustainable groundwater use:

    • ratio of groundwater withdrawal to available precipitation

  • Environmental regulatory limits on freshwater withdrawals:

    • number of aquatic endangered species

  • Susceptibility to drought:

    • summer deficit during low precipitation years

  • Growth of water use:

    • Increase of freshwater withdrawals from 1995 to 2025

  • New requirements for storage or withdrawal from storage:

    • increase in summer deficit from 1995 to 2025


Developing Indicators of PrecipitationFreshwater Ecosystems

Dan Tunstall

WORLD RESOURCES INSTITUTE


Wri indicators
WRI Indicators Precipitation

  • Value Indicators

  • Condition Indicators

  • Risk indicators


Value indicators
Value Indicators Precipitation

  • What is the extent and location of each ecosystem or habitat type?

  • What is the distribution of goods and services derived by the ecosystem (e.g., priority areas for the conservation of particular species)

  • What is the quantity and value of the good or service being produced?


Condition indicators
Condition Indicators Precipitation

  • How has the ecosystem changed through time?

  • What pressures and changes is it experiencing today?

  • Is the capacity of that system to provide that service being enhanced or diminished over time?

  • What is the condition and changing capacity of the ecosystem?


Risk indicators
Risk Indicators Precipitation

  • What pressures and changes is the ecosystem experiencing today?

  • What are the potential threats to species or ecosystems?

  • Where are the areas at risk? (Projections of key threats and pressures)


Summary
Summary Precipitation

  • Sustainability must take into account the environmental, economic, and social sectors

  • Criteria and indicators are useful ways

  • to characterize and track sustainability

  • Recommend that the council develop

  • groundwater criteria and indicators

  • to assess sustainability for final report


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