Principles of sustainability
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 34

Principles of Sustainability PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Principles of Sustainability. Outline. Sustainable Water Resources Roundtable. Criteria & Indicators. Indicator Examples. Alan D. Steinman, Ph.D. Annis Water Resources Institute Grand Valley State University Muskegon, MI 49441. Language in PA No. 148:.

Download Presentation

Principles of Sustainability

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript

Principles of sustainability

Principles of Sustainability


  • Sustainable Water Resources Roundtable

  • Criteria & Indicators

  • Indicator Examples

Alan D. Steinman, Ph.D.

Annis Water Resources Institute

Grand Valley State University

Muskegon, MI 49441

Language in pa no 148

Language in PA No. 148:

  • Sec. 32803 (2): The council shallStudy the sustainability of the state’s groundwater use and whether the state should provide additional oversight of groundwater withdrawals

Principles of sustainability1

Principles of Sustainability

Brundtland commission world environment and development commission 1987

Brundtland Commission(World Environment and Development Commission, 1987)

Sustainable development:

  • meets the needs of the present while not compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.

  • encompasses the environmental, economic, and social systems and their contribution to meeting human needs.

Principles regarding sustainability in water resources

Principles Regarding Sustainability in Water Resources

“The sustainable development of water resources is a multi-dimensional way of thinking about the interdependencies among natural, social, and economic systems in the use of water. In this view, our efforts to achieve economic vitality should occur in the context of the enhancement and preservation of ecological integrity, social well-being, and security.”

Source: Kranz, Gasteyer, Heintz, Shafer, and Steinman (2004)

Principles of sustainability

Sustainability of Water Resources


- policies, plans, and activities that improve equality

of access to water

- recognizes that there are limits and boundaries of water

use beyond which ecosystem behavior might change in

unanticipated ways

- requires consideration of interactions occurring across

different geographic scales: global, national, regional,

and local

- challenges us to look to the future and to assess and

understand the implications of decisions made today on

the lives and livelihoods of future generations and the

ecosystems upon which they depend.

Source: Kranz, Gasteyer, Heintz, Shafer, and Steinman (2004)

Sustainable water resources roundtable

Sustainable Water Resources Roundtable

Principles of sustainability

Sustainable Water Resources Roundtable



Serve as a forum to share information and

perspectives that will promote better decision

making in the US regarding the sustainable

development of our nation’s water resources

Principles of sustainability

The Sustainable Roundtables are public/private efforts to develop sets of national-scale sustainability criteria and indicators for the nation’s resources

Sustainable roundtables exist for fresh water forest rangeland and minerals

Sustainable Roundtables exist for fresh water, forest, rangeland, and minerals

Principles of sustainability

Participants include Federal agencies, as well as representatives of industry, academia, Tribal governments and NGO’s.

Principles of sustainability

The Roundtables are developing a comprehensive set of criteria and indicators to assess our progress toward sustainable resource management.

Principles of sustainability

There are many definitions of Sustainable Development because there is disagreement about how to balance the economic, social, and environmental dimensions of sustainability.

Principles of sustainability

Progress toward social, economic, and environmental sustainability, however it is defined, can be tracked through the use of criteria and indicators.

Criteria and indicators

Criteria and Indicators

What is meant by the use of criteria and i ndicators

What is meant by the use of criteria and indicators

  • Criteria: technical properties that help to choose an indicator

  • Criteria should not be directional (SWRR)

  • Example:

    • Inappropriate: increase water for the environment

    • Appropriate: adequate water supply and timing for the environment

What is meant by the use of criteria and i ndicators1

What is meant by the use of criteria and indicators

  • Indicators: measurements that track conditions over time; should be scientifically defensible, quantifiable, consistent, and understandable

  • Examples:

    • Groundwater quality

    • Groundwater withdrawal depth

Background swrr

Background (SWRR)

  • The indicators sets should consider all aspects of resource systems so as to provide a balanced outlook;

  • The indicators are national scale, though many are based on local data; and

  • The indicators are not intended to be used for new regulatory development and there are no associated reporting requirements.

Use of indicators

Use of Indicators

  • The indicators will contribute to the Congressionally mandated 2005 Update of the 2000 Resource Planning Act Assessment;

  • The indicators will be refined over time and may become part of the overall indicator set used in the US to assess our progress toward a sustainable America; and

  • The indicators will support an informed debate about water systems and their contribution to sustainability

Principles of sustainability

Develop Sustainable Water Resources


Relationship among goal, criteria, indicators and measures within capital.

Adequate water supply


Ecosystem water


Residential water


Agricultural & utility

water supply














Natural Capital

Economic Capital

Social Capital

Principles of sustainability

Develop Sustainable Water Resources

Economic Capital System Ex.



Adequate Water Supply for Agriculture

Adequate Water Supply for Electric Production


Water Quality

Snow Pack Condition

Annual Precipitation Rate

Present Flow Rate/10 yr Average Flow

Water Recycling

Groundwater Withdrawal Depth

Mean Reservoir Depth

Proportion Groundwater/

Surface Water Supply

Irrigation Water Cost

Examples of sustainability indices

Examples of sustainability indices

Universal sujoy goldstein and summers usgs sustainability indices

Universal Sujoy, Goldstein and Summers (USGS) Sustainability Indices

  • Water Supply Sustainability Index

  • Thermoelectric Cooling Constraint Index

  • Based on easily accessible data

  • Include multiple assumptions

  • Unquantified uncertainties

  • Basis for more detailed analysis of sustainability issues

  • A Survey of Water Use and Sustainability in the United States with a Focus on Power Generation (EPRI 1005474)

Freshwater Withdrawal

Annual cumulative monthly precipitation minus et ave 1934 2002

Annual, Cumulative Monthly Precipitation Minus ET, Ave. 1934-2002

Groundwater withdrawal available precipitation 1995

Groundwater Withdrawal/Available Precipitation (1995)

Summer deficit 1995 using 3 year rolling average minimum precipitation

Summer Deficit 1995 Using 3-Year Rolling Average Minimum Precipitation

Change in summer deficit business as usual 1995 2025

Change in Summer Deficit, Business as Usual, 1995-2025

Water supply sustainability index epri

Water Supply Sustainability Index: EPRI

  • Extent of development of available renewable water:

    • use of available precipitation

  • Sustainable groundwater use:

    • ratio of groundwater withdrawal to available precipitation

  • Environmental regulatory limits on freshwater withdrawals:

    • number of aquatic endangered species

  • Susceptibility to drought:

    • summer deficit during low precipitation years

  • Growth of water use:

    • Increase of freshwater withdrawals from 1995 to 2025

  • New requirements for storage or withdrawal from storage:

    • increase in summer deficit from 1995 to 2025

Principles of sustainability

Developing Indicators of Freshwater Ecosystems

Dan Tunstall


Wri indicators

WRI Indicators

  • Value Indicators

  • Condition Indicators

  • Risk indicators

Value indicators

Value Indicators

  • What is the extent and location of each ecosystem or habitat type?

  • What is the distribution of goods and services derived by the ecosystem (e.g., priority areas for the conservation of particular species)

  • What is the quantity and value of the good or service being produced?

Condition indicators

Condition Indicators

  • How has the ecosystem changed through time?

  • What pressures and changes is it experiencing today?

  • Is the capacity of that system to provide that service being enhanced or diminished over time?

  • What is the condition and changing capacity of the ecosystem?

Risk indicators

Risk Indicators

  • What pressures and changes is the ecosystem experiencing today?

  • What are the potential threats to species or ecosystems?

  • Where are the areas at risk? (Projections of key threats and pressures)



  • Sustainability must take into account the environmental, economic, and social sectors

  • Criteria and indicators are useful ways

  • to characterize and track sustainability

  • Recommend that the council develop

  • groundwater criteria and indicators

  • to assess sustainability for final report

  • Login