Chapter 4 reconstruction and the new south
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Chapter 4 RECONSTRUCTION AND THE NEW SOUTH. Section 1: Presidential Reconstruction Section 2: Congressional Reconstruction Section 3: Reconstruction in the South Section 4: The New South. Section 1: Presidential Reconstruction. Objectives:.

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Chapter 4 RECONSTRUCTION AND THE NEW SOUTH

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Chapter 4 reconstruction and the new south

Chapter 4RECONSTRUCTION AND THE NEW SOUTH

Section 1: Presidential Reconstruction

Section 2: Congressional Reconstruction

Section 3: Reconstruction in the South

Section 4: The New South


Objectives

Section 1: Presidential Reconstruction

Objectives:

  • What hopes and expectations did African Americans in the South have for their lives as freedpeople?

  • How did President Lincoln and Congress differ over plans for Reconstruction?

  • How did President Johnson’s programs benefit former Confederates?

  • How did the Black Codes affect freedpeople?


African americans

Section 1: Presidential Reconstruction

African Americans

  • wished to establish churches and schools

  • hoped to legalize marriages

  • hoped to find family members who had been sold away

  • desired ownership of land

  • expected basic human rights


Lincoln

Section 1: Presidential Reconstruction

Lincoln

  • wanted to abolish slavery

  • wanted to give amnesty to most southerners

  • wished to allow rebel states to rejoin the Union when ten percent of residents who had voted in 1860 pledged loyalty to the Union


Congress

Section 1: Presidential Reconstruction

Congress

  • wanted to abolish slavery

  • wanted to delay Reconstruction until a majority of each state’s white males took a loyalty oath


President johnson s programs

Section 1: Presidential Reconstruction

President Johnson’s programs

  • gave blanket pardons for most rebels

  • gave easy terms for readmission into the Union: states had to nullify their acts of secession, abolish slavery, and refuse to pay war debts


The black codes

Section 1: Presidential Reconstruction

The Black Codes

  • tried to deprive freedpeople of equality

  • re-established white control over African American labor


Objectives1

Section 2: Congressional Reconstruction

Objectives:

  • What issues divided Republicans during the early Reconstruction era?

  • Why did moderates and Radical Republicans join forces, and what actions did they take on behalf of African Americans?

  • Why was President Johnson impeached, and why did the Senate not remove him from office?

  • Why were African Americans crucial to the election of 1868, and how did Republicans respond to their support?


Radical republicans

Section 2: Congressional Reconstruction

Radical Republicans

  • wanted to create an entirely new South

  • wanted to give African Americans the right to vote


Moderate republicans

Section 2: Congressional Reconstruction

Moderate Republicans

  • wanted to restore southern states to the Union

  • wanted to keep former Confederates out of government

  • wanted to give African Americans some civil equality


Radical and moderate republicans

Section 2: Congressional Reconstruction

Radical and moderate Republicans

  • joined forces to protect African Americans from violence

  • passed Civil Rights Act of 1866, over presidential veto

  • extended the Freedmen’s Bureau, over presidential veto

  • passed the Fourteenth Amendment


Johnson s impeachment

Section 2: Congressional Reconstruction

Johnson’s impeachment

  • general dislike of Johnson’s lenient Reconstruction policies

  • Johnson’s violation of the Tenure of Office Act

  • inappropriate speeches and acts


Johnson s acquittal

Section 2: Congressional Reconstruction

Johnson’s acquittal

  • weak case

  • overly critical attacks

  • fear that impeachment would weaken future presidents and the system of checks and balances


Election of 1868

Section 2: Congressional Reconstruction

Election of 1868

  • African American votes were crucial to getting Ulysses S. Grant elected president.

  • Republicans passed the Fifteenth Amendment, extending the vote to African American men.


Objectives2

Section 3: Reconstruction in the South

Objectives:

  • How did African Americans attempt to improve their lives during the Reconstruction era?

  • What reforms did Republican governments enact?

  • How did some African Americans respond to harassment by the Ku Klux Klan?

  • What caused Reconstruction to end?


African americans improving their lives

Section 3: Reconstruction in the South

African Americans improving their lives

  • registered to vote

  • joined and formed political organizations

  • lobbied for political equality

  • built churches and schools

  • served as delegates to state constitutional conventions


Republican government reforms

Section 3: Reconstruction in the South

Republican government reforms

  • creation of new state constitutions

  • abolition of property qualifications for jurors and candidates

  • creation of new services

  • construction of new roads and bridges


Responses to ku klux klan

Section 3: Reconstruction in the South

Responses to Ku Klux Klan

  • retaliation by burning barns

  • lobbying for congressional protection


End of reconstruction

Section 3: Reconstruction in the South

End of Reconstruction

  • economic problems such as the Panic of 1873

  • immigrant tendency to use universal suffrage to support Democrats

  • dissolution of alliance between northern business people and freed slaves

  • increasing white violence in the South

  • Compromise of 1877


Objectives3

Section 4: The New South

Objectives:

  • What were the drawbacks to the sharecropping system?

  • How did Jim Crow laws and the Plessy v. Ferguson decision change life for southern African Americans?

  • How did African Americans attempt to improve their economic situation after Reconstruction?

  • How did Booker T. Washington and Ida B. Wells think African Americans should respond to Jim Crow laws?


The sharecropping system

Section 4: The New South

The sharecropping system

  • Sharecroppers had no income until harvest time.

  • System required farmers to rely on one crop only.

  • System left farmers and the region dependent on outsiders for their food supply.


Jim crow and plessy v ferguson

Section 4: The New South

Jim Crow and Plessy v. Ferguson

The Jim Crow laws segregated African Americans, and in Plessy v. Ferguson, the Supreme Court ruled that segregation was legal.


African american attempts to improve their lives

Section 4: The New South

African American attempts to improve their lives

  • formed societies and cooperatives

  • supported churches and schools

  • supported businessmen


Booker t washington

Section 4: The New South

Booker T. Washington

  • wanted African Americans to achieve economic independence

  • discouraged African Americans from protesting discrimination


Ida b wells

Section 4: The New South

Ida B. Wells

  • urged African Americans to protest discrimination

  • wanted African Americans to leave the South


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