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KfW Development Bank Promoting Energy Efficiency in Buildings. Claudia Loy Asia Pacific Union for Housing Finance New Delhi, 31 January 2012. KfW at a Glance. 1. The German Way. 2. Agenda. The International Perspective. 3. India – Energy Efficiency in New Residential Housing.

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KfW Development Bank Promoting Energy Efficiency in Buildings

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Kfw development bank promoting energy efficiency in buildings

KfW Development BankPromoting Energy Efficiency in Buildings

Claudia Loy

Asia Pacific Union for Housing Finance

New Delhi, 31 January 2012


Agenda

KfW at a Glance

1

The German Way

2

Agenda

The International Perspective

3

India – Energy Efficiency in New Residential Housing

Southeast Europe – Promoting EE in SME and Housing

China – Energy Efficient Refurbishment of Residential Housing


Kfw development bank promoting energy efficiency in buildings

Promotion of Environmental and Climate Protection

KfWPublic Promotional Bank with Wide Array of Functions

International Business

Domestic Promotion

We promote development

We ensure inter-nationalisation

We promote Germany

Promotion of

SMEs, business start-ups and environ-mental &climate protection

Financing of municipal infrastructure projects and promotion in Europe

Promotion of

housing and

education

International

project and

export finance

Promotion of

developing and

transition countries


Kfw development bank promoting energy efficiency in buildings

KfWA Strong Environmental and Climate Protection Bank

Commitments in 2010:

  • EUR 25,3 billion

  • forenvironmental and climate protectionEUR 23 billion

  • for energy efficiency (EUR 11.5 bn)

  • and renewable energies (EUR 11.3 bn)

  • ► KfW is the no. 1 Environmental Bank in Germany and one of the world’s leading financing institutions for EE and RE


Agenda1

KfW at a Glance

1

The German Way

2

Agenda

The International Perspective

3

India – Energy Efficiency in New Residential Housing

Southeast Europe – Promoting EE in SME and Housing

China – Energy Efficient Refurbishment of Residential Housing


System of energy efficiency promotion

System of Energy Efficiency Promotion

Promotional

Programmes

Information and

Consulting

Legislation, Rules and Regulations, Technical Standards

► German Energy Conservation Ordinance (EnEV)

6


Kfw development bank promoting energy efficiency in buildings

One of the essential elements for promoting EE in Housing

"KfW-Efficiency House" –

the performance standard for buildings

in Germany!

Makingenergy demand transparent!


Kfw development bank promoting energy efficiency in buildings

KfW Efficiency House Standard

Primary Energy Demand (kWh/m2/a)*

B

U

I

L

D

I

N

G

S

T

O

CK

KfW-115

e.g. 108-63

= 115 % of NL**

KfW-100

e.g. 94-55

= 100% of NL

N

E

W

B

U

I

L

D

I

N

G

S

KfW-85

e.g. 80-47

= 85 % of NL

KfW-70

= 70 % of NL

e.g. 66-39

KfW-55

= 55 % of NL

e.g. 52-30

KfW-40

e.g. 38-22

= 40 % of NL

*Acctual values vary, depending on the reference building according to the German Energy Conservation Ordinance (EnCO)

**NL = New Building Level according EnCO


Kfw development bank promoting energy efficiency in buildings

Promoting EE in housing – KfW in GermanyFunding and On-lending system

Capital

market

Loan (maturity e.g. 30 years)

Loan (maturity e.g. 30 years)

Funding

Individual

homeowner

Bank

Interest

subsidy

Re-financing

Interest rate depending on efficiency standard

Margin for credit risk and handling 0.75%

German

Government

+ addl. bonus for

construct. supervision

(max. EUR 1,000)

+ addl. repayment

bonus (5% or 12.5%

of principal)


Kfw development bank promoting energy efficiency in buildings

Promoting EE in housing – KfW in GermanyResults


Key elements of success

Key Elements of Success

  • Financial incentives based on energy performance of building - not individual measures

  • Performance Assessment Tool robust and easy to handle

  • Accepted Performance Standards or Label - more important than legal building codes

  • Training of auditors

  • High energy prices


Kfw development bank promoting energy efficiency in buildings

THANK YOU!

For more information, please contact:

Claudia Loy,

Head of Energy Sector and Policy Division

Silke Hermes,

Senior Project Manager

KfW Development Bank,

Energy - Asia,

[email protected]

+49 69 7431 9786

KfW Office Building “Westarkade”,

Electricity Consumption: 98 kWh/p.sqm/p.a.


Agenda2

KfW at a Glance

1

The German Way

2

Agenda

The International Perspective

3

India – Energy Efficiency in New Residential Housing

Southeast Europe – Promoting EE in SME and Housing

China – Energy Efficient Refurbishment of Residential Housing


Kfw development bank promoting energy efficiency in buildings

Joint Assessment Tool developed by Fraunhofer Institute and TERI, India

Based on the whole-building-approach (Flexibility)

Robust energy performance assessment (Comparability)

- Easy to use by architects and auditors (Scalability)

Easy to compare different EE design, material and technology combinations (Optimization)

Basis for Energy Efficiency Label (Communication)

Promoting EE Buildings in IndiaResults-based Tool and Label


Agenda3

KfW at a Glance

1

The German Way

2

Agenda

The International Perspective

3

India – Energy Efficiency in New Residential Housing

Southeast Europe – Promoting EE in SME and Housing

China – Energy Efficient Refurbishment of Residential Housing


Kfw development bank promoting energy efficiency in buildings

Key Features:

EE loan programmes for SMEs & Housing via various partner banks

Average loan size: EUR 115,000 (SME), EUR 2,200 (Housing)

No/ only slightly reduced interest rates

Total loan volume: EUR 215 million (2010)

Additional TA for Capacity Building & co-finance of energy audits

target: minimum of 20% savings on energy

Typical Measures for Energy Efficiency in Residential Buildings:

High-performance windows;

Installation of thermostatic valves; etc.

Insulation of walls, roof and basement ceilings and pipe

Modernization of hot water boilers and meters, heat systems;

South East EuropePromotion of EE in SME and Housing


Agenda4

KfW at a Glance

1

The German Way

2

Agenda

3

The International Perspective

India – Energy Efficiency in New Residential Housing

Southeast Europe – Promoting EE in SME and Housing

China – Energy Efficient Refurbishment of Residential Housing


China energy efficient refurbishment of housing blocks

ChinaEnergy Efficient Refurbishment of HousingBlocks

Starting Point: GiZ Pilot Scheme3 pilot buildings in Tangshan (2006 – 2009)

  • 30-50% reduction of energy demand for heatingbythermal insulation of walls and roofs, double-glazed windows, refurbishment of heating systems

    Current stage: KfW Program Climate Protection in Urban Areas 2010-2012

  • Tangshan: Volume: € 23.64 m, refurbishment of 800,000 m²

  • Tonghua: Volume: € 36.36 m, refurbishment of 1,100,000 m²

  • Aim: 50-60%reduction of energy demand for heating

  • CO2 Reduction of 0,32 m tons per year

    • agreement on high efficiency standards

    • Choice of most cost-effective measures Know-how transfer & quality control during planning and implementation

GER: 220-260 kWh/m²y

Germany: 90-120 kWh/m²y


Kfw development bank promoting energy efficiency in buildings

KfW Development BankPromoting EE in Buildings Worldwide - Examples


Back up

Back-up


Kfw development bank promoting energy efficiency in buildings

KfWFinancing with a public mission

  • Founded in 1948 as promotional bank of the Federal Republic of Germany

  • Shareholders: 80% Federal Republic,20% federal states

  • Headquarter: Frankfurt am MainBranches: Berlin and Bonn

  • Representative offices: around 70 offices and representations worldwide

  • Balance sheet total at the end of 2010: EUR 450 billion

  • About 4,530 employees (2010)

  • Top rating: AAA/Aaa/AAA

  • Zero-weight under Basel II


Kfw development bank promoting energy efficiency in buildings

KfW Development Bank Global Energy Sector Commitments 2006 - 2010

Total Commitments in the Energy Sector (cumulative 2006-2010): EUR 3,739 million

of which renewable energy: EUR2,281 million

Commitments for Demand-Side Energy Efficiency since 2006:Asia 31 %

Europe/Caucasus 27 %

Latin America23 %


Kfw development bank promoting energy efficiency in buildings

Promoting EE Buildings in IndiaEnergy Efficient New Housing Programme

Loan (Eur 50 million) and Technical Assistance(EUR 1.5 million)

to the National Housing Bank (NHB) as apex bank to

refinance sub-loans for buyers of energy efficient new urban apartments

  • Highest energy savings potential in new apartment blocks for middle income residents: 46-51% depending on climate zone - out of which ►20-36% Building Envelope► 16-22% Appliances

  • Investments to achieve up to 40% savings financially attractive at 5 yr. payback (Average FIRR 25%)

  • Preconditions for feasibility:

    - optimization of whole building design at planning stage

    - early contact to advise architects/developers

    - robust energy performance assessment tool

    - training of auditors and energy advisors


Kfw development bank promoting energy efficiency in buildings

Promoting EE Buildings in IndiaPromotional Programme Status

  • Early stage of implementation: Agreements signed 12/2010, first disbursement 07/2011, TA tender ongoing

  • Five residential housing developments located in the composite climate zone being evaluated:

    • 23 individual buildings assessed and optimized with the Fraunhofer/TERI assessment tool

    • Energy efficiency certificates under preparation by TERI:

      • Covering 17,000 apartment units to be built in the next 5 yrs with

      • Savings of up to 2000 kwh p.a. per apartment; and

      • Expected total savings of 22,000 tCO2p.a.

  • Fraunhofer/TERI tool is being amended for the hot-dry and warm-humid climate zones (by November 2011)


Kfw development bank promoting energy efficiency in buildings

Promoting EE Buildings in India Promotional Programme – Next Steps & Challenges

Next steps under the Programme TA:

  • Establish the „Energy Efficient Housing“ brand and label in the Indian market

  • Train energy auditors and architects in the energy assessment of new residential buildings with the Fraunhofer/TERI tool

  • Achieve EE assessment and certification endorsement by public and private institutions

    Continuous Challenges to the Promotional Programme:

  • No mandatory minimum EE standard for residential buildings

  • Multiple ministries and public agencies dealing with the residential building sector

  • Lack of sustainable financial incentives to promote EE residential buildings


Apartment developer website

Apartment Developer Website


Pre constructed housing company website

Pre-Constructed Housing Company Website


Construction material pre constructed housing company advertisement

Construction Material & Pre-Constructed Housing Company Advertisement


Real estate agent advertisement

Real Estate Agent Advertisement


Energy efficiency house label

Energy Efficiency House Label


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