Types of orders
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TYPES OF ORDERS. ADMINISTRATIVE ORDER : COVERS NORMAL ADMINISTRATIVE OPERATIONS IN GARRISON OR IN THE FIELD. THEY INCLUDE GENERAL, SPECIFIC, & MEMORANDUM ORDERS; COURTS-MARTIAL ORDERS; & BULLETINS, CIRCULARS, & OTHER MEMORANDA.

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TYPES OF ORDERS

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Types of orders

TYPES OF ORDERS

  • ADMINISTRATIVE ORDER: COVERS NORMAL ADMINISTRATIVE OPERATIONS IN GARRISON OR IN THE FIELD. THEY INCLUDE GENERAL, SPECIFIC, & MEMORANDUM ORDERS; COURTS-MARTIAL ORDERS; & BULLETINS, CIRCULARS, & OTHER MEMORANDA.

  • COMBAT ORDERS: PERTAIN TO STRATEGIC, OPERATIONAL, OR TACTICAL OPERATIONS & ASSOCIATED SERVICE SUPPORT. COMBAT ORDERS INCLUDE OPERATIONS ORDERS, SERVICE SUPPORT ORDERS, MOVEMENT ORDERS, WARNING ORDERS, & FRAGMENTARY ORDERS.

  • STANDING OPERATING PROCEDURES: (SOPs) SOPs ARE ORDERS THAT DETAIL HOW FORCES WILL EXECUTE UNIT-SPECIFIC TECHNIQUES & PROCEDURES THAT COMMANDERS STANDARDIZE TO ENHANCE EFFECTIVENESS & FLEXIBILITY.

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Characteristics of combat orders

CHARACTERISTICS OF COMBAT ORDERS

  • CONTAINS FIVE (5) PARAGRAPHS

  • PROVIDES TASK ORGANIZATION & SCHEME OF MANEUVER

  • PROVIDES CLEAR, CONCISE MISSION STATEMENT, BASED ON MISSION ASSIGNED BY HIGHER HQs, INCLUDING EXECUTION TIME & DATE

  • CONVEYS COMMANDER’S INTENT & CONCEPT OF THE OPERATION

  • USUALLY INCLUDES AN OVERLAY

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Problem solving

PROBLEM SOLVING

  • STEP ONE -- RECOGNIZE THE PROBLEM

  • STEP TWO -- GATHER DATA RELATIVE TO THE PROBLEM

  • STEP THREE -- LIST POSSIBLE SOLUTIONS TO THE PROBLEM

  • STEP FOUR -- TEST POSSIBLE SOLUTIONS TO THE PROBLEM

  • STEP FIVE -- IMPLEMENT THE PROBLEM SOLUTION

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Types of orders

MILITARY DECISION MAKING PROCESS

INPUT

OUTPUT

MISSION RECEIVED FROM HIGHERRECEIPT OF MISSION*CDR’S INITIAL GUIDANCE

HQ OR DEDUCED BY CDR/STAFF WARNING ORDER 1

INITIAL IPB PRODUCTS

* RESTATED MISSION

*CDR’s INTENT

*CDR’s GUIDANCE

WARNING ORDER 2

STAFF PRODUCTS

BATTLEFIELD FRAMEWORK

PRELIMINARY MOVEMENT

HIGHER HQ ORDER/PLAN/PB

STAFF ESTIMATES

FACTS & ASSUMPTIONS

MISSION ANALYSIS

RESTATED MISSION

CDR’s GUIDANCE

CDR’s INTENT

STAFF ESTIMATES & PRODUCTS

ENEMY COAs

COA STMTS AND SKETCHES

COA DEVELOPMENT

WAR GAME RESULTS

TASK ORGANIZATION

MISSION TO SUBORDINATE UNITS

CCIR

COA ANALYSIS

(WAR GAME)

ENEMY COA

COA STMTS AND SKETCHES

STAFF COA

WAR GAME RESULTS

ESTABLISH CRITERIA

DECISION MATRIX

COA COMPARISON

*APPROVED COA

*REFINED CDR’s INTENT

*SPECIFIED TYPE OF ORDER

*SPECIFIED TYPE OF REHEARSAL

*HIGH PAY-OFF TARGET LIST

DECISION MATRIX

COA APPROVAL

APPROVED COA

*OPLAN/OPORD

ORDERS PRODUCTION

  • NOTE 1 * DENOTES CDR’S RESPONSIBILITY

    • NOTE 2: UNDERLYING THE ENTIRE PROCESS ARE CONTINUING CDR’s & STAFF ESTIMATES

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Steps in mission analysis

STEPS IN MISSION ANALYSIS

STEP 1. ANALYZE HIGHER HQS ORDER

STEP 2. CONDUCT INITIAL INTELLIGENCE PREPARATION OF BATTLEFIELD (IPB)

STEP 3. DETERMINE SPECIFIED, IMPLIED, & ESSENTIAL TASKS

STEP 4. REVIEW AVAILABLE ASSETS

STEP 5. DETERMINE CONSTRAINTS

STEP 6. IDENTIFY CRITICAL FACTS & ASSUMPTIONS

STEP 7. CONDUCT RISK ASSESSMENT

STEP 8. DETERMINE INITIAL CDR’s CRITICAL INFORMATION REQUIREMENTS(CCIR)

STEP 9. DETERMINE INITIAL RECONNAISSANCE ANNEX

STEP 10. PLAN USE OF AVAILABLE TIMEX

STEP 11. WRITE RESTATED MISSION

STEP 12 CONDUCT MISSION ANALYSIS BRIEFING

STEP 13. APPROVE RESTATED MISSION

STEP 14. DEVELOP INITIAL CDR’s INTENT

STEP 15. ISSUE CDR’s GUIDANCE

STEP 16. ISSUE WARNING ORDER

STEP 17. REVIEW FACTS & ASSUMPTIONS

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Types of orders

TROOP LEADING PROCEDURES

  • ESTIMATE OF

  • THE SITUATION

  • MISSION ANALYSIS

  • ANALYZE SITUATION

  • DEVELOP COURSES

  • OF ACTION

  • COMPARE COURSES OF

  • ACTION

  • DECISION

TLP PROCEDURES

1. RECEIVE MISSION

2. ISSUE WARNING ORDER

3. MAKE TENTATIVE PLAN

4. INITIATE MOVEMENT

5. CONDUCT RECONNAISSANCE

6. COMPLETE PLAN

7. ISSUE OPERATIONS ORDER

8. SUPERVISE

METT-TC

MISSION

ENEMY

TERRAIN-OCOKA

TROOPS

TIME

CIVILIAN

RECONNAISSANCE IS CONDUCTED BASED ON THE

TENTATIVE PLAN. INFORMATION DISCOVERED DURING

RECONNAISSANCE IS “PLUGGED BACK IN” TO BOTH

METT-TC & THE ESTIMATE OF THE SITUATION. IT CAN

CAUSE A CHANGE OF PLAN OR EVEN A CHANGE OF

MISSION.

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Restated mission

RESTATED MISSION

  • WHO: 1st PLATOON

  • WHAT: DESTROY ENEMY FORCES (TASK) (BY AMBUSH)

  • WHERE: VIC AB 123456

  • WHEN: FROM 1530 29 NOV 97 UNTIL 0600 30 NOV 97

  • WHY: TO PREVENT ENEMY REINFORCEMENTS FROM

    MOVING SOUTH ON HIGHWAY 127 (PURPOSE)

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Backward planning process

BACKWARD PLANNING PROCESS

0400: EXECUTE MISSION

0330: BEGIN MOVEMENT INTO SUPPORT, SECURITY, ASSAULT POSITIONS

0200: COMPLETE THE RECON, CONFIRM OR ADJUST PLAN, ISSUE FRAGOs

2400: ESTABLISH ORP, BEGIN LEADER’S RECON

2100: BEGIN MOVEMENT

2000: BEGIN PLATOON INSPECTIONS

1800: START PLATOON REHEARSALS

1730: CONDUCT INITIAL INSPECTIONS

1600: ISSUE SQUAD OPORD

1330: CONDUCT SQUAD LEADER’S BRIEFBACK TO PLATOON LEADER

1300: ISSUE PLATOON OPORD

0930: CONDUCT PLATOON LEADER’S BRIEFBACK TO COMPANY COMMANDER;

RECEIVE COMPANY OPORD

0700: RECEIVE COMPANY WARNING ORDER & GIVE PLATOON WARNING ORDER

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Coa statement

COA STATEMENT

PLATOON MISSION STATEMENT:

1st PLT ATTACKS AT 190600 OCT 97, TO SIZE HIGH GROUND VICINITY NB 450265

(OBJ TOOL) TO ALLOW 2d PLT (MAIN EFFORT) TO PASS THROUGH & SIZE THE

DECISIVE TERRAIN VICINITY NB 453267 (OBJ BOX)

COA STATEMENT:

THE PLT CROSSES THE LD AT 0600 ALONG DIRECTION OF ATTACK BLUE & OCCUPIES THE ORP. AFTER LEADER’S RECON, ONE SQD, WITH BOTH PLT MACHINE GUN TEAMS ATTACHED, OCCUPIES SUPPORT POSITION VIC NB 449267

TO SUPPRESS ENEMY ON OBJ TOOL TO ALLOW ANOTHER SQD WITH ATTACHED ENGINEERS TO BREACH THE ENEMY’S OBSTACLES & SIZE A FOOTHOLD ON THE OBJ. A THIRD SQD (PLT MAIN EFFORT) ASSAULTS THROUGH THE BREACH TO CLEAR ENEMY TRENCH LINE TO ALLOW THE 2d PLT TO PASS THROUGH & SIZE THE DECISIVE TERRAIN (OBJ BOX). THE SUPPORT SQD THEN THE BREACH SQD,

IN ORDER, ARE PREPARED TO ASSIST CLEARNING THE TRENCHES.

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Course of action decision matrix

SIGNIFICANT FACTORS

MISSION-SPECIFIC FACTORS

1. CASUALTY EVACUATION

2. SOLDIER’S LOAD

3. STEALTHY MOVEMENT

4. TIME USAGE

5. ---

GENERAL FACTORS

1. KEY WEAPONS EMPLOYED TO BEST ADVANTAGE

2. PLATOON DISPOSITION PROVIDES MUTUAL SUPPORT

3. COVERAGE OF MAIN ENEMY AVENUES OF APPROACH

4. ---

COURSE OF ACTION

1 2 3

+ - -

- + -

+ - +

- + -

+ - -

- + -

+ - -

COURSE OF ACTION DECISION MATRIX

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Review

REVIEW

  • TYPES OF ORDERS

  • CHARACTERISTICS OF COMBAT ORDERS

  • PROBLEM SOLVING

  • MILITARY DECISION MAKING PROCESS

  • TROOP LEADING PROCEDURES

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