Indirect statements
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Indirect Statements. Latin III K Stage 40. Indirect Statements. An indirect statement is a clause that follows verbs that mean say, think, believe, etc. (STKP verbs) In English, we use a noun clause In Latin, we use an infinitive for the verb, and a subject in the accusative case.

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Indirect Statements

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Indirect statements

Indirect Statements

Latin III K

Stage 40


Indirect statements1

Indirect Statements

  • An indirect statement is a clause that follows verbs that mean say, think, believe, etc. (STKP verbs)

  • In English, we use a noun clause

  • In Latin, we use an infinitive for the verb, and a subject in the accusative case.


Verbs that are followed by an indirect statement construction

Verbs of Saying

dico

nego

ait

nuntio

narro

scribo

doceo

ostendo

Verbs of Knowing

scio

nescio

intellego

memoria teneo

respondeo

demonstro

cognosco

Verbs that are followed by an indirect statement construction


Verbs that are followed by an indirect statement construction1

Verbs of Thinking

credo

puto

spero

arbitror

Verbs of Perceiving

audio

video

sentio

Verbs that are followed by anindirect statement construction


So what exactly is an indirect statement

So what exactly is an indirect statement?

When you report what someone has

done, said, thought, etc.

Veniam.  I will come.

What would the indirect statement equivalent of that look like?

Dixi me venturum esse.

I said that I would come.


How do you translate the infinitives in indirect statement

How do you translate the infinitives in indirect statement?

Present Infinitive

Takes place at the same time as the main verb

Takes place before the

action of themainverb

Perfect Infinitive

Future Infinitive

Takes place after the action of the main verb


How do you translate the infinitives in indirect statement1

How do you translate the infinitives in indirect statement?

Present Infinitive

is, was, were

have, has, had

Perfect Infinitive

Future Infinitive

will, would


For example

for example……..

venire.

Putamus puellam venisse.

venturam esse.

is coming.

We think (that) the girl has come.

will come.


For example1

for example……..

venire.

Putabamus puellam venisse.

venturam esse.

was coming.

We thought (that) the girl had come.

would come.


Some verbs are followed by an accusative and future infinitive

Some verbs are followed by an accusative and future infinitive…...

  • spero = I hope

  • promitto = I promise

  • iuro = I swear

  • minor = I threaten

Sperabant se venturos esse.

They hoped that they would come. Or

They hoped to come.


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