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Идентификаторы цифровых объектов ( OID) PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Идентификаторы цифровых объектов ( OID). Назначение, структура, применение Анатолий Кликич ГУИКТ. Разнообразие и сложность данных , отсутствие гибкой системы их представления вызвали необходимость появления нотации высокого уровня для их описания.

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Идентификаторы цифровых объектов ( OID)

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Oid

(OID)

, ,


Oid

,

.


Oid

  • . :

    • ;

    • ;

    • ( );

    • .


Oid

( ITU-T) - 1.

ASN.1


Oid

ASN.1 (AbstractSyntaxNotationOne)

ISO ITU-T .

1984 CCITT X.409:1984.

- ASN.1 1988 X.208.

1995 , ASN.1 X.680


Oid

ASN.1 OSI.

..


Oid

, , ISO ( 2).

2. ASN.1

ASN.1

..


Oid

ITU 2001 ITU-T SG-17 ASN.1 , (OID)

ASN.1 , OID ( , ITU-T)

Project LeaderMr. Olivier DUBUISSONFrance Telecom OrangeOrange Labs/DDEV


Oid

107330 .

2011 6000


Oid

, OID

, , ;

Rec. ITU-T X.509,

(certificatepolicy);

(: ES);

(Common Alerting Protocol (CAP) emergency message identification

([WMO-alerting-OIDs]);

tag-based (also [X.668]);


Oid

  • (distinguished name attributes[X.509]);

  • ASN.1 , : BioAPI (Biometrics) Interworking Protocol;

  • ASN.1 , : ASN.1 BasicEncodingRules;

  • MIB for SNMP network management, for example the SNMP Notification MIB;

  • , : HL7 (international) tree of allocations;

  • ASN.1 (. [X.681]);

  • (ATN) ISO/OSI ;


Oid

  • ETSI (European Telecommunication Standards Institute): OIDs under {itu-t(0) identifiedorganization(4) etsi(0) reserved(127) etsi-identified-organization(0)} even for non-ETSI-members.

  • {itu-t(0) network-operator(3)};

  • International allocated OIDs for information systems:

  • TLS Web server authentication (1.3.6.5.5.7.3);

  • TLS Web client authentication (1.3.6.5.5.7.3.2);

  • Signing of downloadable executive code (1.3.6.5.5.7.3.3);E-mail protection (1.3.6.5.5.7.3.4);

  • IP Security end system (1.3.6.5.5.7.3.5);

  • 1.3.6.5.5.7.3.6 IP Security tunnel termination

  • 1.3.6.5.5.7.3.7 IP Security user

  • 1.3.6.5.5.7.3.8 Time Stamp Signing . .


Oid

C , ,

.


Oid

(SNMP)OID1.3.6.1.4.1.1768.


Oid

Z39.50


Oid

{ iso(1) identified-organization(3) icao(27) atn(0) objectIdentifiers(0) }


Oid


Oid

OID


Oid

GRID OID


Oid

P K I


Oid

  • -


Oid


Oid


Oid

PKI

;


Oid

, PKI, , .

PKI , , .


X 5 0 9

- X.509 : ,

7

, , . - X.660 | / 9834-1.

8.2

, , . - X.660 | / 9834-1.

8.2.2.6

, , . - X.660 | / 9834-1.


Oid

?


Oid

X.208 "Abstract Syntax Notation One (ASN.1)" ( X.680), - /.

(OID-tree, -OID)

Object Identifier (OIDs).


Oid

ITU-T X.660|ISO/ISO 9834-1

, , (Root) , .


Oid

2000 ASCII .

- " OID-tree".

- OID-IRI

.

, (Unicodelabel) ASN.1.


Top of the oid tree

root

Top of the OID Tree

joint-iso-itu-t(2)

itu-t(0)

iso(1)

tag-based(27)

recommendation(0)

identified-organisation(3)

member-body(2)

mcode(1)

country(16)

dod(6)

ISO 3166 country codes

ISO 3166 country codes

internet (1)

Example: {joint-iso-itu-t(2) tag-based(27) mcode(1)}

Note: The name of the 3 top-level arcs do not imply a hierarchical dependency to ISO or ITU-T.


Oid

(OID-tree, -OID)

ITU-itu-t(0)

ITU-,

ISO iso(1)

ISO,

Joint-ISO-ITU-T joint-iso-itu (2)

ISO ITU-.


Oid

- 0 6 :

0- "Recommendation",

1- "Question",

2 - "Administration",

3 - "Network-Operator",

4 - "Identified-Organization",

5 - "R-Recommendation".


Oid

1 4 :

0- "Standard",

1- "Registration-Authority",

2 - "Member-Body",

3 - "Identified-Organization".


Oid

Joint-ISO-ITU-T 2

B 35 .

X.662|ISO/IEC 9834-3

ISO ISO, ITU-T StudyGroup, StudyPeriod, and Question, and the number of the ITU-T (or CCITT) Recommendation.


Oid

X.660 | ISO/IEC 9834-1

(InternationalObjectIdentifier), ASN.1 , .


Oid

ISO ?

ITU--ISO?

.

OID ISO


Oid

Alvestrand Family


X 660 osi

- X.660 : , . OSI - ,

5.5 ( -T Rec. X.662 | ISO/IEC 9834-3) , ASN.1:

{joint-iso-itu-t (2) (16)}

OID-IRI:

"/Joint-ISO-ITU-T/Country"

, (, , OID-IRI) .

, - .


Oid

?


Oid

X.660 | ISO/IEC 9834-1 X.662|ISO/IEC 9834-3

OID-tree ITU- ISO

( 2, Unicode label " Joint-ISO-ITU-T").

: {joint-iso-itu-t (2) country (16) ua (804)}.


Oid

OID-tree

{joint-iso-itu-t(2) country(16) us(840)}

child OIDs:

organization(1)

erroneous-gov(101).

organization(1) 4 :

dod(2),

csor(3),

us-government-org(10),

100.


Oid

  • ().

  • (node) .


Oid


Oid

.

.


Oid

2.16 ITU-T X.660 | ISO/IEC 9834-1.

ITU-T ISO

ITU-T X.662 | ISO/IEC 9834-3 OSI: .

ITU-T SG17 ISO/IEC 1/SC 6.


Oid

X.660 | ISO/IEC 9834-1

,

OID-tree (ITU) (ISO).


Oid

- ()

107


Oid

Establishment of a national OID Registration Authority for Ukraine

Attached are two letters signed by the ISO National Body for Ukraine (State Committee of Ukraine for Technical Regulation and Consumer Policy) and by the ITU Ukraine Member State (State Administration of Communications) informing that, in agreement with the provisions of Rec. ITU-T X.660 | ISO/IEC 9834-1, the State University of Information and Communication Technologies applies for operating as the Registration Authority for the OID country arc

{joint-iso-itu-t(2) country(16) ua(804)}.

This is issued to both ITU-T SG 17 and ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 6 for their records.

The following contact information was also provided for the registration authority:

Mr. Anatoly Klikich

Head of "NAC-Telecom"

State University of Information and Communication Technologies (DUIKT)

Solomenskaya Str., 7

03110, Kiev Ukraine

Phone/fax number: +380 44 248 85 89

Email: [email protected]


Oid

At its plenary meeting in December 2010, ITU-T SG 17 noted that, according to an agreement signed by the ISO National Body for Ukraine (State Committee of Ukraine for Technical Regulation and Consumer Policy) and by the ITU Ukraine Member State (State Administration of Communications), the State University of Information and Communication Technologies will be the Registration Authority for this country OID for Ukraine. An equivalent decision was taken by ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 6 at its plenary meeting in June 2011.{iso(1) member-body(2) ua(804)}.Ukraine also uses the country OID

At its plenary meeting in December 2010, ITU-T SG 17 noted that, according to anagreement signed by the ISO National Body for Ukraine (State Committee of Ukraine for Technical Regulation and Consumer Policy) and by the ITU Ukraine Member State (State Administration of Communications), the State University of Information and Communication Technologies will be the Registration Authority for this country OID for Ukraine. An equivalent decision was taken by ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 6 at its plenary meeting in June 2011

{iso(1) member-body (2) ua (804)}.Ukraine also uses the country OID


Oid

:

, ;

OID ;

OID ;

OID


Oid

OID-tree

,

.

OID-TREE2.16.804

{joint-iso-itu-t (2) country (16) ua (804)}

/Joint-ISO-ITU-T/16/804


Oid

OID-tree

{joint-iso-itu-t (2) country (16) ua (804) ra (1)}

{joint-iso-itu-t (2) country(16) ua (804) ra (1)gov(1)}.

{joint-iso-itu-t (2) country (16) ua (804) ra (1) org(2)}


Oid

,

(OID)


Oid

OID

IdM


Oid

Bar codes

EPCs

IP addresses

OIDs

URLs

URNs

UUIDs

etc.


Oid

IdM

  • IdM IdM .

  • IdM , IDM. 3. IdM

  • , , , ..

  • IdM , / ID .

  • IdM IdM, , , SAML, SSO.

3. IdM


Oid

IdM

  • IdM IdM , .

  • id , IdM.

  • ID IdM.

  • Id IdM / ..


Oid

(IdM)

IdM , ( ,- ).

X.509 . , - , X.1250, IdM , IP.


Oid


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