Federal Hydrometeorological Institute Sarajevo. WORKSHOP ON ESTABLISHING WIS-DCPC/WIGOS MARINE METEOROLOGICAL CENTER. VIEW FROM BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA. Muhamed Muminović. HYDROLOGICAL AND HYDROGRAPHICAL CHARACTERISTICS of BiH.
Federal Hydrometeorological Institute Sarajevo
WORKSHOP ON ESTABLISHING WIS-DCPC/WIGOS MARINE METEOROLOGICAL CENTER
VIEW FROM BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA
HYDROLOGICAL AND HYDROGRAPHICAL CHARACTERISTICS of BiH
Hydrological capabilities of BiH, are in general, under the impact of geomorphological and hydro-geological factors. Dinarides and Alps, as bariers, meet the dominant wet air flowing from Mediterranean and Atlantic, causing their lifting , rapid cooling, condensation, and after all, precipitation. Due to that fact, the highest amount of precipitation is usually recorded in region of Dinarides, and in upper flow of river Sava, in Slovenia, at the post-Alpinregion. Having in mind this general mechanism of generation of precipitation, one has also to notice that the wide area in south-west BiH is of carst type, with it’s great underground, retensional hydrological potential. All of the main fountains of constant water flows in Black and Adriatic sea’s catchment had been formed within the corespondent edge-contact with hydrological isolators.
PERCENTAGE OF CARSTIFICATION OF WATER FLOWS WITHIN BLACK SEA’S CATCHMENT
NETWORK OF METEOROLOGICAL STATIONS
NETWORK OF HYDROLOGICAL STATIONS
Annual sum of precipitation in B&H is about 1160 l/m2 , which gives, regarding the area of 51197 km2, total volume of rainfall of 64 x 109 m3 of water, respectively 2030 m3/s. 1125 m3/s or 57% of the total sum of the rainfall over the B&H, outflows from it’s teritory, taking not transit, transnational flows into account. However these amounts are not distributed evenly,neitherspatially, nor temporally.
Water outflow from B&H goes to the Black sea from cca. 76% of the teritory of BiH, and to the Adriatic sea from cca. 24% of it’s teritory. 722 m3/s or 62,5% of the total water amount goes via river Sava, and 400 m3/s or 37,5% goes toward Adriatic sea.
SIGNIFICANT CHARASTERISTICS OF THE MAIN CATCHMENT AREAS
Bosnia-Herzegovina Adriatic coast
Position of Neum
Meteorology in Neum
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